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53 Cards in this Set

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Anglican
one of the Protestant churches in Ireland, the church of Ireland
Black and Tans
Special force created by British Prime Minister David Lloyd George in 1920 to help fight the IRA
B-Specials
part time armed Special Police Constables who served in Northern Ireland from 1922 until 1970
By election
on-off election held between major elections, usually because of the death or resignation of an MP or councillor
Celt/Celtic
ancient peoples who migrated to Ireland and settled it in the Iron Age
Civil Rights
equal treatment for all citizens, whatever their religion, nationality or political beliefs
commission
in investigation into particular events, usually set up by the government and headed by a senior judge
constitution
the basic rules which set out how a country is run and how it makes its laws
curfew
a restriction placed on people in a certain place, usually preventing them from going out of their homes after dark
Dail Eirann
the parliament of the Republic of Ireland, set up in 1918 when Ireland was still ruled by Britain
decommissioning
process in which paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland give up their weapons
DUP
Democratic Unionist Party, hard line Loyalist party led by Ian Paisley
Easter Rising
rebellion against British rule organised by the Irish Republican Brotherhood which took place on Easter Monday 1916
Ecumenical
a movement which involved different Churches co-operating with each other
Fenians
name often given to the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Fenians were originally an invincible army from ancient Irish mythology
Gaelic
term to describe ancient Irish language, culture and people
gerrymandering
arranging the boundaries of electoral districts in such a way as to distort the vote
guerrilla
type of warfare involving hit and run attacks rather than open battles
home rule
measure to give Ireland its own parliament to rule itself, but leaving Ireland within the British empire
humanitarian
concern for human dignity and compassion
INLA
Irish National Liberation Army, a Republican paramilitary group formed in 1974
integrated
schools which educate students from all communities in Northern Ireland rather than Protestant or Catholic
internment
policy of arresting and holding suspects without trial
IRA
Irish Republican Army - republican paramilitary organisation formed in 191 and active at various stages of the conflict in Northern Ireland
IRB
Irish Republican Brotherhood - republican organisation, also known as Fenians, formed in 1858
jacobite
supporters of Catholic King James II in the late 1600s
Loyalism / Loyalist
hardline Unionism - loyalists are loyal to the monarch of the United Kingdom
Loyal Orange Order
a Protestant organisation formed in 1795 - opposed to the Catholic Church, connected to unionist political parties and best known for marches and parades
Nationalism / Nationalist
political view which wants a united Ireland free of connections to the United Kingdom
ombudsman
a government official whose role is to investigate complaints into the actions of local councils or similar organisations
paramilitaries
violent republican and loyalist organisations
political prisoner
person in prison because of political beliefs rather than having committed any crimes
Presbyterian
one of the main Protestant churches in Northern Ireland
proportional representation
system of voting which ensures minority groups gain fair representation in parliament
referendum
vote on a key issue to see whether the population approves or disapproves of a particular action by the government
reprisals
revenge attacks
Republican
extreme nationalist political view, usually prepared to support force to achieve a united Ireland with no connection to Britain
RUC
Royal Ulster Constabulary - the police force of Northern Ireland
SDLP
Social and Democratic Labour Party - main democratic nationalist party in Northern Ireland
Sectarian
term used to describe religious and/or political conflict in Northern Ireland
segregated
separate schooling for Catholics and Protestants
Sinn Fein
republican political party with close links to the IRA
socialism
political belief which focuses on working people and poorer members of society to improve their lives by spreading wealth more evenly through society
status quo
the existing situation
Taoiseach
leader of the Irish Republic (term first used by Eamon de Valera in 1937). (de Valera was played by Alan Rickman -'Professor Snape'- in Michael Collins :)
Troubles
conflict in Northern Ireland, can describe conflict of 1919-21 or from 1969 onwards
UDA
Ulster Defence Association - main loyalist paramilitary organisation
Ulster
one of the four provinces which make up Ireland, consisting of nine counties
UFF
Ulster Freedom Fighters - loyalist paramilitary organisation
Ulster Unionist Party
main Unionist party in Northern Ireland
Unionist
political view supporting the parliamentary union of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United Irishmen
radical political movement which tried to break the links between Britain and Ireland in the 1790s
UVF
Ulster Volunteer Force - loyalist paramilitary organisation