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30 Cards in this Set

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Adhan
the muslim call to worship
Al-Azhar University
in cairo, egypt; was established in 977 AD in the a certain Masjid
Allah
god; muslims believe that there is only one god who is all powerful and who created everything in the universe.
Angels: mala'ikah
a class of god's creations created from light
Fatwa
a legal ruling in Shari'ah (Islamic Law), made by a learned and qualified scholar.
Five Pillars
the five required acts of worship in Islam
Hijab
"a condition of modesty"; represented in public appearance by loose-fitting clothing and a head covering; also a a symbol of muslim identity for many women
Ibrahim
Abraham, among the earliest prophets recognized in judaism, christianity, and islam
Ijtihad
the effort by qualified Muslim jurists to find legal solutions to new situations and issues, based on knowledge of the Qur'an and Sunnah and other Islamic disciplines, including Arabic language
Imam
person who leads group prayer
Islam
"seeking peace through submission to God"' also means peace, greeting, surrender and commitment
Jihad
"effort," "striving," "struggle"
Khutbah
a public sermon held every Friday in the Masjid before midday prayer
Madhab
a school of islamic law
Masjid
"place of kneeling down in prayer"; the house of worship where Muslims gather to pray
Muhammad
according to Islamic teachings, the last messanger of God to humankind; according to the Qur'an, he is the last of the prophets, who include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Joseph, Moses, David, Solomon and Jesus
Muslim
"one who seeks peace through submission to God"; any person who declares faith in the One God and his messengers, and accepts the teachings of Islam
Ahl al Kitab
a term in the Qur'an that refers to Jews and Christians
Qur'an
"the recitation" according to Islamic teachings, it is the word of God sent to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. For Muslims, it is the source of knowledge about God and His creation, and the source of guidance in life.
Salah
five daily prayers required of Muslims, one of the 5 Pillars
Shari'ah
guidance from god to be used by Muslims to regulate societal and personal affairs
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
1st president of Turkey from 1923 until his death in 1938
Shaykh
an Arabic term meaning "leader" or "chief", a title of respect for scholars
Shi'ah
muslims who believe that the rightful successors to Muhammads leadership after his death were Ali ibn Abi Talib and his descendants
Sufi
a mystical movement in Islams whose followers seek inner knowledge of God through spiritual practices and study
Sunnah
the example of Muhammad's sayings, acts, and habits; the second source of Islamic teachings after the Qur'an
Sunni
designates those Muslims who recognize trhe first four successors of Muhammad as the "rightly-guided" caliphs
Ottoman Empire
a multi-ethnic and multi-religious empire that included much of the modern Middle East and Turkey
Ummah
the worldwide community of Muslims
Wudu
ritual washing with water before performing Muslim prayer of recitation of the Qur'an