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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is psychology?
1. psyche =
2. logos =
- scientific the study of behavior and mental processes
1. mind
2. knowledge/ study
What are the goals of psychology?
1. understand how organisms act (their behavior)
2. predict what they will do
3. control - ethical debate
what is empirical evidence?
evidence obtained by careful observation and experimentation.
Who is Wilhelm Wundt?
created first lab for his students to conduct psychological research.
What are the six contemporary approches in psychology?
1. Biological Approach
2. The Behaviorist Approach
3. Cognitive Approach
4. The Sociocultural Approach
5. Psychodynamic Approach
6. Humanistic Approach
What is the biological approach?
proposes that every behavior, emotion, thought is caused by a physical event.
What is the behaviorist approach?
emphasis on observable behavior
What is the cognitive approach?
focuses on unovservable mental processes such as perceiving, remembering, thinking and undestanding.
What is the sociocultural approach?
our social context strongly influences our behavior and mental processes.
What is the psychodynamic approach?
emphasizes two central pts
1. childhood experiences determine adule personality
2. unconscious mental processes and conflict influence most human behavior.
What is humanistic approach?
emphasizes that humans have enormous potential for personal growth.
Three Important Themes in Psychology
1. Humans are extremely competent
2. Humans differ widely from one another
3. Psychological Processes are Complex