Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cold war
tension between us and the soviet union (capitalism vs. communism
halt of wxpansion of the soviet union (late 1940's)
emperical research
facts, what exist what is
normative theory
what should be ought to be
cuban missle crisis
sovist union installed medium range nuclear missles in cuba
- reduce soviets stragetic nuclear inferiority
-counter the deployment of usmisssles on soviets border in turkey
-deter another invasion of cuba
proxy wars ( us and soviet union)
vying for position in the global south. backing and suppluing opposing faction in civil wars
school of thought that explains international relations in terms of power.
-often pessimistic concerning human nature
emphasizes international law immorality, and international organizations rather than power alone
- human nature good
realist framework
-states are th most important actors
_they act as rational individuals in pursuing national interest
- act in the context of an international system lacking central government
the ability to get another actor to do what it would not otherwise have done
the use of force to make an actor take action
game theory
branch of mathematics concerned with predicting bargaining outcomes
try to explain patterns of international events in terms of of system structure
the holding be one state of a preponderance of power in the internatiuonal system so it can single handedly dominate rules and arrangements by which international political and economic re;atopms are conducted
coalition of states that coordinate their actions to accomplish some end
alliance coehesion
the ease with which the members hold together an alliance
burden sharing
the cost if alliance
us japanese security treaty
-bilateral alliance
-undeer alliance us maintains nearly 50000 troops in hapan
-japan paus the us several million to offset cost of troop maintance
nonalligned movement
coice made by states in global south to stand back from us soviet rivary
4 major lines of criticism against the realist assumptions
1. international anarchy is no more than a partial truth
2. liberals criticize the notion fo states as unitary actors
reaalist view of rationality
indiv actors attempt to maximize its owsn short term interest
liberalist view of rationality
reational actors are capable of forgoing short term individual interest in order to further long term well being of a sommunity to which they belong ( kant advocate)
liberal definition of power
the ability to accomplish desirable ends
international regime
a set of tules norms which the expectations of actors converge in a certain issue area
hegemonic stability theory
when one states power is predominant it can enforce rules and norms unilaterally
avoiding the collecgtive goods problem
collective security
the formation of a broad alliance of most major actors for the purpaose of jointly oposing aggression by any actor (rationale laid out by kant)
difference feminism (essentialism)
focuses on valorizing the femiinine. valuing the unique contributins of women as women
liberalism feminism
essential defferences in mens and womens abilities nonexistant
postmodern feminism
find differences between men and women important but arbitrary and flexible
realist system
consist autonomous actors that contrul their own territory and have no right to infringe on anothers
gender gap
difference beween womens stances on a goal and mens stances
hwo actors define their national interest, threatsto those interest and their relationships to onw another
that there is no single objective reality but a multiplicity of experiences and perspevtives that defy easy categorization
the hidden meanings not explicitly addressed in the text
normative bias
lack of objectivity
breaking conflict into pieces
positive peace
a peace that resolves the underlying reasons for war
foreign policies
the strageties used by governments to guide their actions in the international arena
comparative foreign policy
the study of foreign poolicy in various states in order to discover whether similar types of socitites or governments have similar types of foreign policies
rational midel of decision making
1. clarify goals
2. order them by importance
3. list alternatices
4. investigate the consequences choose course of action
3 systematic ways in which individual decision making diverges from the reational model
1. decision makers duffer from misperceptions and selectice perceptions
2. reatinality of cost benefitanalysis is shot down by emotions
3. cognitive biases
picking the very best option
interest groups
coalisions of people who share a common interest in the outcome of some political issue and who organize themselves to try to influence the outcome
group dynamics
groups promote reationality by balancing out the blingd spots ans biases of any individual
group psychology
individual members go along with ideas they tink others support
closest substate actors to foreign policy
process of talking with legislators of officials to influence their decisions
marxist theories
of internatinal relations state the key domestic influences on foreign policy in capitalist countries are rich owners of big businesses
political opinion
teh range of views on foreign policy issues held by the citizens of a state
war powers act
the legislators purse strings ( requires the presidents to notify congress when us troops are deployed for combat
immanuel kant
advocate for checks and powers
intergovernmental organizations
nongovernmental organizations
3 levels of analysis
domestic: involves aggregations of individuals within ststes
interstate: focuses on interactions of states themselves
global: seeks to explain international outcomes
Individual: concerns perceptions and actins of individuals
political legal entity soverign
social cutural concept.
group identity shared history
nationalism pros and con
nationalism: sense of pride loyalty support
-promotes democracy
-discourages imperilism by other states
-creates shared unity
- sense of superiority aggression
fear of foreigners
limited of responsibility for others
belief out country can do no wrong
messianic complex
you can solve everyones problem your duty to save them
absense of central government above
security dilema
actions taken to defend a state that causes insecutity in other states
how actors define their natinal interests threats to those interest and etheir relationships to one another
affectice bias
positive and negative affect refer ot feelings of liking of disliking someone
cognitive biases
systematic distortions of rational calculations based not on emotional feelings but simply on the limitations of the human brain in making choices
cognitive balance
the tendency people have to try to maintain mental models of the world that are logically consistent