Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/85

Click to flip

85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
symbol which represents one or more numbers
variable
a number; a value which does not change
constant
mathematical phrase which includes numbers and operation symbols
numeric expression
mathematical phrase which includes numbers, variables, and operation symbols
algebraic expression
mathematical sentence which contains an equals sign
equation
an equation which contains one or more variables
open sentence
accepted order of operations
PEMDAS
replace a phrase with its simplest name
simpligy
tells how many times a number is used as a factor
exponent
has two parts, a base and an exponent
power
number in a power used as a factor
base
substitute given values for variables and simplify
evaluatef
mathematical sentence which compares the value of two expressions using an inequality symbol
inequality
any example which proves a statement false
counterexample
two numbers which are the same distance from zero on a number line
opposites
distance of a number from zero on the number line
absolute value
rectangular arrangement of numbers in columns and rows
matrix
an item in a matrix
element
multiplicative inverse
reciprocal
number by which you multiply all elements in a matrix
scalar
number, variable, or product of a number and variable in an algebraic expression
term
numerical factor of a term
coefficient
terms which have the same variable factors
like terms
two number lines that intersect at right angles
coordinate plane
point of intersection of two number lines
origin
horizontal axis
x-axis
vertical axis
y-axis
four sections made by the two axes in a coordinate plane
quadrants
x-coordinate
abscissa
y-coordinate
ordinatef
graph which relates two types of data
scatter plot
shows a correlation on a scatter plot more clearly
trend line
values of variables which make an equation true
solution
equations which have the same solution
equivalent equations
equation which is true for every value of the variable
identityf
integers which differ by 1
consecutive integers
a constant rate
uniform motion
distance = rate * time
rate or distance formula
equation involving two or more variables
literal equation
values used to describe a set of data
measure of central tendency
sum of all data items divided by the number of data items
mean
middle value when the numbers in a data set are arranged in order
median
data item that occurs the most often
mode
difference between the greatest and smallest data values in a set
range
a data value which is much lower or higher than other values in the data set
outlier
display of data made by using the digits of the values
stem and leaf plot
any number that makes an inequality true
solution
inequalities with the same solution
equivalent inequalities
two inequalities joined by the word and ...or...or
compound inequalities
compound inequality which uses the word and
conjunction
compound inequality which uses the word or
disjunction
equation which states that two rations are equal
proportion
figures which have the same shape but not the same size
similar figures
an enlarged or reduced drawing that is similar to an actual object or place
scale drawing
ratio of a distance in a scale drawing to the corresponding actual distance
scale
amount of change divided by the original amount times 100
percent change
one half of the measuring unit
greatest possible error
greatest possible error divided by the measurement times 100
percent error
how likely an event is to occur
probability
result of a single trial
outcome
any outcome or group of outcomes
event
all of the possible outcomes
sample space
number of favorable outcomes divided by the number of possible outomes
theoretical probability
consists of all the outcomes not in the event
complement of an event
number of times an event occurs divided by the number of times the experiment is done
experimental probability
events that do not influence one another
independent events
events that influence each other
dependent events
a set of ordered pairs
relation
set of first coordinates in a relation
domain
set of second coordinates in a relation
range
a relation that assigns exactly one value in the range to each value in the domain
function
a way to determine if a relation is a function by analyzing the graph
vertical line test
equation which describes a function
function rule
using f(x) to describe function outputs
function notation
input values of a function
independent variable
output values of corresponding input values
dependent variable
a function in the form y = kx where k does not equal zero
direct variation
a function in the form xy=k where k does not equal zero
inverse variation
coefficient of x in a direct variation
constant of variation
making conclusions based on patterns you see
inductive reasoning
a conclusion reached by inductive reasoning
conjecture
a number patternf
sequence
each number in a sequence
term
a type of sequence which is formed by adding a fixed number to each previous term
arithmetic sequence
fixed term in an arithmetic sequence
common difference