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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
active exercise
joint movement activated by the person
ankylosis
fixation or immobilization of a joint
atrophy
decrease in the size of a body structure
body mechanics
efficient use of the body as a machine and as a means of locomotion
cartilage
a connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency - Stedman's
contractures
permanently contracted state of a muscle
dangling
position in which the person sits on the edge of the bed with legs and feet dangling over the side of the bed
exercise
active exertion of muscles involving the contraction and relaxation of muscle groups
flaccidity
decreased muscle tone; synonym for hypotonicity
footdrop
complication resulting from extended plantar flexion
isokinetic exercise
exercise involving muscle contractions with resistance varying at a constant rate
isometric exercise
exercise in which muscle tension occurs without a significant change in muscle length
isotonic exercise
exercise in which muscles shorten (contract) and move
ligaments
tough fibrous bands that bind joints together and connect bones and cartilage
negative nitrogen balance
condition resulting in muscle wasting and decreased physical energy for movement and work (eg, anorexia nervosa and certain cancers)
neurons
The morphologic and functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the nerve cell body with its dendrites and axon - Stedman's
orthopedics
the correction or prevention of disorders of body structures used in locomotion
osteoporosis
condition characterized by loss of calcium from bone tissue
paralysis
Loss of power of voluntary movement in a muscle through injury to or disease of its nerve supply - Loss of any function, such as sensation, secretion, or mental ability - Stedman's
paresis
impaired muscle strength or weakness
passive exercise
manual or mechanical means of moving the joints
range of motion
complete extent of movement of which a joint is normally capable
spasticity
increased muscle tone
tendons
strong, flexible, inelastic fibrous bands that attach muscle to bone
tonus
normal, partially steady state of muscle contraction