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98 Cards in this Set

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polio(poliomyelitis)
a serious infectious disease that can cause permanent paralysis(= inability to move the body)>a ----- vaccination programme
insidious
(of something unpleasant or dangerous) gradually and secretly causing harm>High-blood pressure is an -------- condition which has few symptoms.
vertigo
a feeling of spinning round and being unable to balance, caused by looking down from a height>She can't stand heights and has always suffered from -------.
concussion
temporary damage to the brain caused by a fall or hit on the head or by violent shaking>He's been a bit dizzy and confused since the accident. Do you think it's mild ---------?
shrapnel
small pieces of metal that are scattered by a bomb or similar weapon when it explodes and are intended to injure people>Twelve people were hit by --------- in the attack.
a --------- wound
convalesce
to rest in order to get better after an illness>After your operation, you'll need to ------- for a week or two.
apocalypse
a very serious event resulting in great destruction and change>The book offers a vision of the future in which there is a great nuclear ----------.
vis-a-vis
in relation to>I've got to speak to James Lewis --- - --- the arrangements for Thursday.
envoy
someone who is sent as a representative from one government or organization to another>a United Nations special -----
chapel
a room within a larger building, which is used for Christian worship>The college/hospital/prison has its own ------.
mesh
When different things or people mesh, they suit each other or work well together>Whether the new personal pension works will depend much on how well it ----s with employers' schemes.
plausible
seeming likely to be true, or able to be believed>a -------- explanation/excuse
clique
a small group of people who spend their time together and do not welcome other people into that group>Our golf club is run by a very unfriendly ------- (of people).
humble
poor or of a low social rank>Even when she became rich and famous, she never forgot her ------ background.
mercurial
changing suddenly and often>She was entertaining but unpredictable, with ------- mood swings.
pseudo
not real; pretended>-------religious
a -------intellectual
warped
strange and unpleasant>I suppose I shouldn't be laughing about death - perhaps I've got a ------ mind/sense of humour
deplorable
very bad>I thought his behaviour absolutely --------.
clampdown
a sudden action taken by a government or people in authority to stop or limit a particular activity>Following the military coup, there has been a -------- on press reporting in the capital
hard line
when someone is very strict and severe>The government wants to take a ---- ---- against the strikers
implicate
to show that someone is involved in a crime or partly responsible for something bad that has happened>Have they any evidence to -------- him in the robbery?
laureate
a person who has been given a very high honour because of their ability in a subject of study>a Nobel --------
barb
the sharp part which points backwards from a fish hook or arrow, making it hard to remove it from something
dissident
a person who publicly disagrees with and criticizes their government>political --------s
hotbed
a hotbed of sth a place or situation where a lot of a particular activity, especially an unwanted or unpleasant activity, is happening or might happen>The police department was a ----- of corruption.
headwind
a wind blowing in the opposite direction to the one you are moving in>The runners had to battle against a stiff/strong ------.
pace-setter or pace-maker
the person or animal that establishes the speed in a race, or a person or organization that is an example for others by being successful
coalesce
If two or more things --------, they come or grow together to form one thing or system.
outcry
a strong expression of anger and disapproval about something, made by a group of people or by the public>The release from prison of two of the terrorists has provoked a public -----.
on a shoestring
If you do something on a ---------, you do it with a very small amount of money?>The film was made on a ---------.
rickshaw, ricksha
a small covered passenger vehicle with two wheels which is usually pulled by one person
behead
to cut off someone's head>Ten of them were ------ed.
restive
unwilling to be controlled or be patient>The audience was becoming ------ as they waited for the performance to begin
refute
to say or prove that a person, statement, opinion, etc. is wrong or false>to ------ a person/theory/argument/claim
inquest
an official process to discover the cause of someone's death>An ------- is always held if murder is suspected.
exhume
to remove a dead body from the ground after it has been buried
cataract
a disease in which an area of the eye becomes cloudy so that a person cannot see correctly, or the area diseased in this way
draw/get the short straw
to have to do the least enjoyable of a range of duties, often because you have been chosen to do it>Colin, I'm afraid you've ------ the ----- ----- - you're cleaning out the toilets
acclaim
to give public approval and praise>She was universally/widely/publicly -------ed for her contribution to the discovery
harrowing
extremely upsetting because connected with suffering>a ------- story
ponder
to think carefully about something, especially for a noticeable length of time>She sat back for a minute to ------ her next move in the game
xenophobia
extreme dislike or fear of foreigners, their customs, their religions, etc
pedestal
a long thin column which supports a statue, or a tall column-like structure on which something rests>In the riot, the statues were toppled from their -------s
rosy
If a situation is described as ----, it gives hope of success or happiness>Our financial position is ----.
pacifism
the belief that war is wrong, and therefore that to fight in a war is wrong
pragmatic
solving problems in a realistic way which suits the present conditions rather than obeying fixed theories, ideas or rules>In business, the -------- approach to problems is often more successful than an idealistic one
reticent
unwilling to speak about your thoughts or feelings>He is very -------- about his past
round-up
a gathering together of people, cattle, things, etc>The President ordered the ---------- and imprisonment of all opposition politicians.
retribution
deserved and severe punishment>She was asked whether a civilian government should seek ---------- against military officers involved in human rights abuses.
cringe
to feel very embarrassed>I ------ed at the sight of my dad dancing
perplex
to confuse and worry someone slightly by being difficult to understand or solve>The disease has continued to ------- doctors
moribund
(especially of an organization or business) not active or successful>How can the Trade Department be revived from its present ------- state?
epithet
an adjective added to a person's name or a phrase used instead of it, usually to criticize or praise them>The opera-singer's 104-kilo frame has earned him the -------- of 'Man Mountain' in the press
turn-off
something which you dislike or which you do not find interesting or sexually exciting>Hairy backs are for me the ultimate ----------.
slant
a particular way of showing or viewing something>The book had a personal/political/sociological ------.
Interpol
an international police organization which helps national police forces to work together to catch criminals
disguise
to give a new appearance to a person or thing, especially in order to hide its true form>He -------ed himself by shaving his head and wearing a false beard.
dummy,pacifier
a smooth rubber or plastic object that is given to a baby to suck in order to comfort it and make it stop crying
avatar
(Internet) online image that represents a user in chat rooms or in a virtual "space"
bestride
to sit or stand with a leg on either side of an object or animal>He ------- the chair as though it were a horse
burgeon
to develop or grow quickly>Love ------ed between them.
litany
a ------- of sth a long list of unpleasant things, particularly things that are repeated>The manufacturers are reported to have received a -------- of complaints from dissatisfied customers
difficile
stubborn; hard to deal with, hard to manage
clostridium
type of rod-shaped anaerobic bacteria
aseptic
medically clean or without infection>an ------- wound/dressing/bandage
strobe
a light which quickly flashes on and off>The -------s and loud music in the club made her want to dance.
flare
When something bad such as violence, pain or anger -----s (up), it suddenly starts or gets much worse>Violence ------ed up again last night
choke
(usually in sports) to fail to do something at a time when it is urgent, usually because you suddenly lose confidence>He could score points at will during the qualifying matches, but in the final he completely ----ed
droop
If your spirits (= feelings of happiness) -----, you start to feel less happy and energetic
slink
to walk away from somewhere quietly so that you are not noticed>I tried to ----- out of the room so that nobody would see me go.
pan
(of a film camera) to move slowly from one side to another or up and down>In the first scene, the camera ---s slowly across the room.
inebriated
having drunk too much alcohol>In her ---------- state, she was ready to agree to anything.
meager
(of amounts or numbers) very small or not enough>a ------ salary
off the bat
immediately>You can't expect to be accepted in a new town right/straight --- --- ---.
lugubrious
sad, especially in a slow or serious way>a -------- face
blubber
the thick layer of fat under the skin of sea mammals such as whales, which keeps them warm
paradigm
a model of something, or a very clear and typical example of something>Some of these educators are hoping to produce a change in the current cultural ---------.
amenity
something, such as a swimming pool or shopping centre, that is intended to make life more pleasant or comfortable for the people in a town, hotel or other place>The council has some spare cash which it proposes to spend on public -------s.
sedate
to cause a person or animal to be very calm or go to sleep by giving them a drug>When I saw him after the accident he was still in shock and was heavily -------ed.
stench
a strong unpleasant smell>the ------- of rotting fish/burning rubber/cigarette smoke
euthanize
(in a terminally ill person or injured animal) kill out of mercy, allow to die in order to prevent prolonged suffering (also euthanise)
spay
to remove the ovaries of a female animal>We're having the cat ----ed
culminate
If an event or series of events --------s in something, it ends with it, having developed until it reaches this point>My arguments with the boss got worse and worse, and it all -------ed in my deciding to change jobs
poach
to catch and kill animals without permission on someone else's land>The farmer claimed that he shot the men because they were ------ing on his land
Monsignor
a title used with the name of a Roman Catholic priest of high rank>-------- Healey
ricochet
If a ball or bullet --------s, it hits a surface and bounces away from it at an angle>The ball --------ed off the goalkeeper and into the net.
sequin
a small shiny metal or plastic disc sewn onto clothes for decoration
bride price
sum of money or goods given by the groom to the bride's parents
decry
to criticize something as bad, worthless or unnecessary; to condemn>She -----ed the appalling state of the British film industry.
rig
a truck consisting of two or more parts which bend where they are joined so that the vehicle can turn corners more easily
ischemia
localized anemia caused by an obstruction (Pathology)
gaffe
a remark or action that is a social mistake and not considered polite; faux pas> made a real ------ - I called his new wife 'Judy' which is the name of his ex-wife.
retract
to take back an offer or statement, etc. or admit that a statement was false>------ an invitation/confession/promise
upheaval
(a) great change, especially causing or involving much difficulty, activity or trouble>Yesterday's coup brought further ------ to a country already struggling with famine
purge
to get rid of people from an organization because you do not agree with them>Party leaders have undertaken to ----- the party of extremists
knik
something that is wrong>Pete still needs to iron out a few ----s in his game
seam
a line where two things join, especially a line of sewing joining two pieces of cloth or leather>The bags we sell have very strong ----s, so they will last for years.
fit the bill
to be suitable for a particular purpose>This new software certainly ---s --- ----.