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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a system of dividing Hindu society into classes, or any of these classes>the ----- system
[before noun] relating to or caused by an earthquake>------- activity/waves
a serious illness often resulting in dangerous weight loss, in which a person, especially a girl or woman, does not eat, or eats too little, because they fear becoming fat>Reports of --------- and other eating disorders are on the increase, with 6000 new cases in the UK every year.
agreement between and support for the members of a group, especially a political group>The situation raises important questions about --------- among member states of the UN.
the piles of broken stone and bricks, etc. that are left when a building falls down or is destroyed>The bomb reduced the house to ------.
to search among a large number or a great variety of places in order to find people or information you want>The newspaper had ----ed its files for photos of the new minister.
difficult, tiring and needing a lot of effort>an ------- climb/task/journey
a long thick piece of steel or concrete, etc. which supports a roof, floor, bridge or other large structure>steel roof ------s
to not be able to stop looking at something because it is so interesting or frightening>His eyes were -----ed on the television.
a roughly cut lump>a ------ of cheese/meat
pineapple/tuna -----s
to destroy something by twisting it with force or tearing it into pieces so that its original form is completely changed>My sweater got ----ed in the washing machine.
very careful and with great attention to every detail>Many hours of --------- preparation have gone into writing the book.
a second layer of cloth which is sewn into a piece of clothing to make it larger, stronger or more comfortable>silk panties with a cotton ------
behaviour that is good, moral and acceptable in society>a sense of ------
when there is not enough food for a great number of people, causing illness and death, or a particular period when this happens>There were reports of refugees dying of ------.
lame duck
an unsuccessful person or thing
using unlimited personal power without considering other people's wishes>an -------- ruler
to search for something by moving things around carelessly and looking into, under and behind them>She -------ed in/through all the drawers, looking for a pen.
very unpleasant or rude>Some of his colleagues say that he's loud and --------.
to be involved in a difficult situation, especially for a long period of time>The peace talks are ----- in bureaucracy.
If a government -----s a law, it causes that law no longer to have any legal force.
to perform a story or play>The stories are -----ed using music, dance and mime.
physical strength and big muscles>She said she preferred ----- to brains (= a man who is physically attractive rather than a clever one).
the treatment of diseases using chemicals>--------- is often used in the treatment of cancer.
a serious condition in which a person's joints become painful, swollen and stiff>In later life she was crippled with --------.
lacking in energy; feeling unwilling and unable to do anything>I was feeling tired and --------.
something you buy or keep to help you remember a holiday or special event>He bought a model of a red London bus as a -------- of his trip to London.
flora and fauna
The ----- and ----- of a place are its plants and animals.
the point where a new or different situation is about to begin>Extreme stress had driven him to the ----- of a nervous breakdown.
the outskirts
the areas that form the edge of a town or city>The factory is in/on the -------- of New Delhi.
to improve your position by going past other people quickly or by missing out some stages>They've --------ed from third to first place.
She ---------ed several older colleagues to get the manager's post.
to mix something, especially a liquid, with great force>The sea was -----ed up by heavy winds.
be confined to somewhere/sth
to exist only in a particular area or group of people>We know that the illness is not -------ed to any one group in society.
an area of land where fruit trees (but not orange trees or other citrus trees) are grown>an apple/cherry -------
(of a sum of money) very small and of little or no value>Student grants these days are ------, and many students have to take out loans.
when the air is not very clear because of something such as heat or smoke, making it difficult to see well>The road through the desert shimmered in the -----.
a pattern or picture made using many small pieces of coloured stone or glass>a beautiful 10th century -------
FIGURATIVE The country is now a cultural and social ------ (= mixture) due to the influx of several different ethnic groups.
predispose sb to/towards sth
to make someone more likely to behave in a particular way or to suffer from a particular illness or condition>Smoking -------s you to lung cancer.
to make someone feel slightly frightened or worried about their ability to achieve something; to discourage>She was not at all -----ed by the size of the problem.
information produced by electronic equipment, shown in print, on a screen or by sound>I got the computer to give a -------- of the total figures.
a small and often interesting piece of news, information or conversation>I heard an interesting ------- on the radio this morning.
to see, recognize or understand something that is not clear>I could just ------ a figure in the darkness.
It is difficult to ------ any pattern in these figures.
If a reduction or increase is ---------, it is fast or great>Over the past 18 months, there has been a ---------- fall in car sales.
FORMAL-a brother or sister>I have four -------s: three brothers and a sister.
someone who fights as part of an unofficial army, usually against an official army or police force.>The ---------s threatened to kill their hostages.
grapple with sb
to hold onto someone and fight with them>Two officers ------ed with the gunman.
broken; not working correctly>The radio's ------.
a very sharp knife that is used for cutting through skin and flesh during an operation
an artificial body part, such as an arm, foot or tooth, which replaces a missing part
to cut or tear something roughly into thin strips>----- the lettuce and arrange it around the edge of the dish.
extremely painful>an --------- pain in the lower back
a word or phrase used to avoid saying an unpleasant or offensive word>'Senior citizen' is a --------- for 'old person'.
foul play
a criminal act which results in serious damage or injury, especially murder>It is not clear what caused the explosion, but the police do not suspect .
an extremely small amount>I haven't seen one ---- of evidence to support his claim.
to make a person seem to be guilty of a crime when they are not by producing facts or information which are not true>He claimed he'd been -----ed by the police.
UK describes something that is old-fashioned and not now effective>the ------ legal system
a man who is skilled at repairing and making things inside or outside the house and who does this in his own home or as a job
[T often passive] to annoy or upset someone, or to make them very nervous>He's easily -----ed by criticism.
stake out
to establish or make clear your opinion or position on something>Two of the president's chief advisors have -----ed --- opposite positions on this issue.
to produce young>While priests were denied the right to marry and --------, he said, their situation would remain impossible.
an action which harms something or someone>She has done a great -------- to her cause by suggesting that violence is justifiable.
deserving praise>------------ efforts/behaviour/bravery
snigger(US snicker)
to laugh at someone or something childishly and often unkindly>They spent half the time -------ing at the clothes people were wearing.
the part of a bed, made of a strong cloth cover filled with firm material, which makes the bed comfortable to lie on
to flood an area with water>If the dam breaks it will -------- large parts of the town.
be in full swing
If an event is in ---- -----, it has already been happening for a period of time and there is a lot of activity>The party was in ---- ------ by the time we arrived.
one of the tooth-like parts around the edge of a wheel in a machine which fits between those of a similar wheel, causing both wheels to move
hinge on/upon sth
If one thing ------ -- another, the first thing depends on the second thing or is very influenced by it>The prosecution's case ------s -- the evidence of a witness who died before the trial.
to prove that what someone said or did was right or true, after other people thought it was wrong>The decision to include Morris in the team was completely -------ed when he scored three goals.
dark yellow
a government, especially a military one, that has taken power in a country by force and not by election>The military ----- has/have today broadcast an appeal for calm.
always loyal in supporting a person, organization or set of beliefs or opinions>a -------- friend and ally
He gained a reputation as being a ------- defender/supporter of civil rights.
(an example of) activity against another person, especially as a punishment by military forces or a political group>They promised that individuals could live freely without fear of ------- from the military.
completely or immediately>I think cigarette advertising should be banned ---------.
to stop someone taking an active and important part in something>The minister was --------ed after he criticized party policy.
hold sway
to have power or a very strong influence>Fundamentalist beliefs ----- ---- over whole districts, ensuring the popularity of religious leaders.
able to work as intended or able to succeed>In order to make the company ------, it will unfortunately be necessary to reduce staffing levels.
(especially of a vehicle) to move fast and uncontrollably>
The coach -------ed down a slope and collided with a bank.
(of wind, rain, etc.) to hit something repeatedly and with great force>The little boat was ------ed mercilessly by the waves.
to save goods from damage or destruction, especially from a ship that has sunk or been damaged or a building that has been damaged by fire or flooding>gold coins -------ed from a shipwreck
After the fire, there wasn't much furniture left worth --------ing.
to describe how something happened; to tell a story>He -------ed his adventures since he had left home.
to take care of a child, usually for a limited time, without being the child's legal parent>Would you consider -----ing (a child)?
a crime in which valuable items are taken illegally and often violently from a place or person>a $2 million jewellery ------
a small room, used as a prison, usually in a small town, in which criminals can be kept for a short time
to feel or express great pleasure or satisfaction because of your own success or good luck, or someone else's failure or bad luck>She's continually -----ing over/about her new job.
I know I shouldn't -----, but it really serves him right.
a narrow road or path between buildings, or a path in a park or garden, especially bordered by trees or bushes
one of two beds fixed together, one on top of the other>The twins sleep in ---- beds.
credit crunch
a period of economic difficulty when it is difficult to borrow money from banks
to make a small hollow mark in the surface of something>I dropped a hammer on the floor, and it -----ed the floorboard.
the abilities and experience which make someone suitable for a particular job or activity, or proof of someone's abilities and experience>All the candidates had excellent academic --------.
Someone's -- is a person who was their wife, husband or lover in the past>Is she still in touch with her --?
lacking energy and effort>Britain's number-one tennis player gave a disappointingly --------- performance.
to reduce something in size or amount, especially supplies of energy, money or similar>If we continue to ------- the Earth's natural resources, we will cause serious damage to the environment.
very powerful, forceful or effective>Surprise remains the terrorists' most ------- weapon.
central and important>a ------- figure/role/idea
(of particular types of animal) to bring up food from the stomach and chew it again
a small fly which flies in groups, and often bites