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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what the psychologist observes
what the patient tells you
Bracket Creep
definition of a disorder (PTSD) expanding
Dynamic Psychiatry
ideas come out of the unconscious; inspired by Freud but does not follow his doctrine word for word
Lifetime Prevalence
Has the person ever had this disorder?
Current Prevalence
has the person met criteria for the disorder within the past month (or 6 months)?
Annual Prevalence
has the person met criteria for the disorder within the past year?
: the proportion of the population that developed a certain disorder within a specific time period
Annual Incidence rate
the proportion of ppl who fell ill with a certain disorder within the past year
Diathesis stress
the idea the one is born with a vulnerability to a disorder and it can be triggered by an environmental factor
something that evolved not because of its original purpose but because of another use
: a belief that things have a set of characteristics that make them what they are
different in kind not degree (gender)
Primary Delusional Idea
does not develop from previous psychopathology but from an external stimulus (i.e. mail not coming)
Secondary Delusional Idea
develops form previous psychopathology (e.g. auditory hallucination)
Theory of Mind
Inability to associate mental characteristics in other people
Unipolar depression
fluctuates from normal to depressed
Bipolar depression
fluctuates from depression to mania
Bipolar I: full blown depression and mania
Bipolar II: full blown depression and hypo-mania
Mixed mania
depressive and manic symptoms occur at the same time
Latent Inhibition
the brains ability to block out unnecessary information
right and wrong determined by emotions
Distill environment
affects all of society (socioeconomic status, geography)
Proximal environment
: affects individual (social and physical exposure)
Social Causation
stressors in socioeconomic status lead to disorder
Social Selection
survival of the fittest (healthy have high status and mentally ill have low status)
a disorder that is caused by a health professional
how a person experiences psychopathology
Kindling Effect
: the more exposed one is to something, the worse is will become (e.g. it one continues to have seizures, they will get progressively worse)
Subconscious act of forgetting
conscious act of forgetting
Sex bias
a systematic deviation from an expected value
concrrent symptoms and beliefs held by many people
multiple personalities (created by hypnosis) vs. fragmented personalities
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
-frantic they will be abandoned
-who am I?
-suicidal behavior
-affect instability
Axis I
This is what we typically think of as the diagnosis (e.g., depression, schizophrenia, social phobia)
Axis II

Personality disorders are clinical syndromes which have a more long lasting symptoms and encompass the individual's way of interacting with the world. They include Paranoid, Antisocial, and Borderline Personality Disorders.
Anti-social Disorder (ASPD)
pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of others since at least age 15
people who lack a conscience (def by Hervey Cleckley)
high self esteem, less need for sleep, talkative, flight of ideas, distractable, involvement in pleasurable activity but no psychotic features
watered down version of schizophrnia
Roschian Analysis
-no definite features
-vageu borderlive between disorder and non-disorder