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25 Cards in this Set

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Appendicular Skeleton
Supports the appendages such as the bones of the arms, legs, shoulder & pelvic girdles. 206 bones total
appendages
Articulation
A Joint where two bones meet up at a joint
Joint
Axial
relating to the axis of a body structure or part. Vertebral column, sternum, ribcage and skull
axis
Bursa
A sac of synovial fluid that decreases friction between a tendon and a bone
sac
Chondrocyte
A cartilage cell nourished by diffusion since there is no blood supply;repairs very slowly
cell
Diaphysis
the shaft of a long bone that is hollow and contains a marrow canal filled with red bone marrow when younger and yellow when older. Made of Compact bone
Compact
Epiphysis
The end of a long bone that is spongy but covered in compact bone
spongy
Fontanels
An are of fribrous connective tissue membrane between the cranial bones of an infants skull, where bone formation is not complete
infant
hemopoiesis
Related to the formation of red blood cells
cells
Periosteum
The fibrous connective tissue membrane that covers bone; contains osteoblasts and vessels for bone growth or repair
connective tissue
Ligament
A fibrous connective tissue structure that connects bone to bone
bone
Osteology
The study of Bones and their structures
Bones
Fossa
A shallow depression in a bone
depression
Foramen
A hole or opening in a bone such as base of the skull to the spinal cord
hole
Cartilage
A connective tissue made of chondrocytes in a protein matrix-Firm but flexible, the basis for which all bones are made
soft
Kyphosis
An exaggerated thoracic curvature of the vertebral column
curve
Myocardium
The cardiac muscle tissue that forms the walls & chambers of the heart
heart
Muscle tone
The state of slight contraction found in healthy muscles
muscles
Glycogen
A polysaccharide that is the major carbohydrate stored in animal cells. Formed by repeating units of glucose and store in the livers and muscle cells
glucose
Flaccid
Weak soft and flabby, lacking in normal muscle tone.
soft
Osetoporosis
Condition experienced ususally by caucasian elderly women. Caused by loss of bone could be hormonal or have to do with heredity
lost
Acetabulum
The deep socket or cup in the hip bone that joins with the head of the femur
cup
Gait
Manner or style of walking includes rhythm and speed.
style
arthrology
The study and care of the joints and their structures
joints
Tendon
The connective tissue that connects muscle to bone