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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anti-immigrant sentiment. socio-political positions taken up by those who identify themselves as "native-born"
Native American Association:
Party formed by the Indians.
a nativist American political movement of the 1850s
"water power towns"
Used near a river or stream to energize their town
Gov. DeWitt Clinton
Mayor of New York City and Governor of New York State. Father of the Erie Canal
Erie Canal:
runs from the Hudson River, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean.
"Tom Thumb":
First Steam Engine: Experimented 1829 by Elicott Mill
Samuel F. B. Morse
: an American inventor, and painter of portraits and historic scenes
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837):
charter by the state of Massachusetts to operate a toll bridge
: a business or organization formed by a group of people, and it has rights and liabilities separate from those of the individuals involved.
Limited liability:
: A business structure that is a hybrid of a partnership and a corporation. Its owners are shielded from personal liability and all profits and losses pass directly to the owners without taxation of the entity itself.
"Putting-out" system
: a popular system of cloth production in Europe.
Lowell or Waltham System
: paternalistic textile factory system of the early 19th century that relied almost exclusively on young, unmarried women laborers
Lowell Girls:
women who worked in the Paternalistic Textile factory
Factory Girls Association:
one of the first American labor organizations organized by and for women
"express contract":
a contract in which all elements are specifically stated, and the terms are stated
Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842):
not inherently illegal for workers to organize a union of try to compel recognition of that union by means of a strike.
"Cult of Domesticity":
a woman's role in marriage was to Maintain the home as a refuge for her husband, Train the children, Set a moral example for children to follow
Oberlin College
: a small liberal arts college in Oberlin, Ohio. It was founded in 1833
Mary Lyon
: the founder of the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley
Godey's Lady's Book:
a popular United States magazine among women. In the 1860s Godey's considered itself the "queen of monthlies."
An indigenous form of American entertainment consisting of comic skits, variety acts, dancing, and music, usually performed by white people in blackface
P. T. Barnum:
: remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus that eventually became Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus.
John Deere:
developed the world's first commercially successful, self-scouring steel plow, closely parallels the settlement and development of the Midwestern United States
Cyrus H. McCormick
: inventor of the mechanical reaper in 1831
an artistic and intellectual movement in the history of ideas that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. Stressed strong emotion
Hudson River School:
encompasses two generations of painters inspired by Thomas Cole's, awesomely Romantic images of America's wilderness
James Fennimore Cooper:
best known for his stories of frontier life and pioneer adventure. His most popular work is The Last of the Mohicans(1832)
Herman Melville
: best known for his novels of the sea and especially for his masterpiece Moby Dick (1851)
Edgar Allen Poe:
: American poet, a master of the horror tale, credited with practically inventing the detective story.
A loose collection of eclectic ideas about literature, philosophy, religion, social reform, and the general state of American culture
Ralph Waldo Emerson:
: a major American poet, philosopher and center of the American Transcendental movement.
the first or only exposure students get to Emerson's thought
Henry David Thoreau:
was an American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, best-known for his autobiographical story of life in the woods, Walden
: by Henry David Thoreau is one of the best-known non-fiction books written by an American. Published in 1854
On Civil Disobedience:
encompasses the active refusal to obey certain laws, demands and commands of a government or of an occupying power without resorting to physical violence
utopian socialism:
: the first currents of modern Socialist thought
A member or supporter of a small cooperative or a collectivist community.
Brook Farm:
a transcendentalist Utopian experiment, was put into practice by transcendentalist former Unitarian minister George Ripley at a farm in West Roxbury, Massachusetts, at that time nine miles from Boston
George Ripley:
minister of the Purchase Street Church in Boston, 1826-41, was a central figure in the Transcendentalist movement of the 1830s and 40s, a founder in 1841 of the Brook Farm commune
Robert Owen:
a Welsh social reformer. He is considered the "Father" of the cooperative movement.
New Harmony:
town located in Posey County, Indiana
John Humphrey Noyes:
1811-86, American reformer, founder of the Oneida community, b. Brattleboro