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76 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acne vulgaris
inflammation of sebaceous glands on the back chest and face
aerobic
requiring oxygen for growth
alopecia
temporary loss of hair
anabolism
synthesis; metabolic process consisting of protoplasm; requires oxygen
anaerobic
growing in the absense of oxygen
anorexia
loss of apetite
antibiotic
chemotherapeutic agent which occurs as a byproduct of the metabolic activity of bacteria
antibodies
specific molecules formed in the animal body in response to the presence of an antigen; once formed they react with that particular antigen
antigens
foreign substances that include a specific immune response
antiseptic
a chemical agent that prevents growth, by either inhibiting the growth of or destroying microorganisms; used for topical application to living tissue, primarily skin
asepsis
a condition in which there are no infectious or contaminating microorganisms; the absense of sepsis
atelectasis
collapsed lung
attenuation-
change; used in reference to certain vaccines where the organism or its products are reduced in virulence
autoclave
steam pressure sterilizer
autotroph
organism that obtains energy by the oxidation of inorganic compounds
avirulent
lacking disease-producing ability
bacteremia
the presence of bacteria in the blood
bacteriology
the science that deals with bacteria
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
blepharitis
inflammation of the edges of the eyelids involving hair follicles
buboes
enlarged regional lymph nodes
carbuncle
uncerated lesion, hardened border and pus draining (more severe)
catabolism
metabolic process consisting of the ultimate oxidation of a substrate, accompanied by the release of energy
catalyst
a substance that alters the speed of a chemical reaction without itself being changed in the process
catarrhal
inflammation of the mucous membrane
cellulitis
inflammation of the cellular r connective tissues, spreading as in erysipelas
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
coryza
head cold
cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
desiccation
drying or removal of water
dimorphic
occuring in two forms; characteristic of certain fungi, growing in the yeast phase under one set of conditions and filamentous phase under other conditions
disease
any change from a state of health; interruption in the normal functioning of a body structure
disinfectant
a chemical agent that destroys disease organisms; used on inanimate objects
dyspnea
difficulty in breathing
edema
swelling
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
endemic
a disease that occurs at a relatively stable frequency within a given area or population
endocarditis
inflammation of the lining of the heart
empyema
pus in the pleural cavity
enteric
relating to the intestinal tract
epidemic
a disease that occurs at a greater than normal frequency for a given area or population
etiology
the cause of a disease
exudate
fluid, often from formed elements of the blood, discharged from the tissues to a surface or cavity
flora
microorganisms typically found in a given environment
fomites
inanimate objects contaminated with pathogenic organisms
furuncle
localized, inflammed area which develops soft centers and eventually discharges pus
gonorrhea
a specific contagious catarrhal inflammation of the genital mucous membrane of either sex
healthy carrier
a person who hrabors and spreads pathogenic microorganisms without having evidence of disease
host
an organism which supports a parasite
infection
invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
ischemic
local deficiency of blood due to stoppage of circulation
lethal
the capacity to cause death
macula
a discolored spot on the skin that is not elevated above the surface
meningitis
inflammation of the membrane (meninges) of spinal cord or brain
moribund
in a dying condition
morphology
the science or study of form and structure
mycology
the science or study of true fungi i.e. yeasts and molds
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
normal flora
microorganisms that have become established in a given area
nosocomial
hospital acquired infections
osteomyelitis
inflammation of the bone and/or bone marrow
pandemic
the occurence of an epidemic on more than one continent simultaneously
parasite
an organism which lives on or within a living host from which it derives its nourishment
phototroph
an organism that utilizes light energy
pneumonia
inflammation of the alveoli of the lungs with exudate filling the alveolar spaces
prostration
total exhaustion
pustule
small elevated skin lesion containing pus
pyelitis
inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis
serology
systematic study of blood sera
somatic
associated with the cell body of the organism
sporadic
a disease that occurs in only a few scattered cases within a given area of a population during a given period of time
sterilization
killing all forms of life in a given area
suppuration
pus formation
vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina
endometritis
inflammation of the endometrium of the uterus