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283 Cards in this Set

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abrupt
1) broken off; lacking in continuity; steep 2) sudden; quick and unexpected
herbicide
substance that kills plants
constrict
draw together; shrink
herbivore
plant-eating animal
voracious
1) greedy in eating 2) insatiable, as a voracious appetite
vivacity
livliness in spirit
vivid
1) (used with things) having the vigor and spirit of life 2) sharp and clear; graphic
vivify
enliven; make vivid
vivisection
operation on a living animal for scientific investigation
corrupt (adj.) / corrupt (v.)
changed from good to bad; viscious / change from good to bad; pervert; falsify
homicide
killing of one human by another
disrupt
break apart; cause disorder
infanticide
act of killing (or killer of) an infant
herbivorous
dependent on plants as food
erupt
burst or break out
insecticide
substance that kills insects
restrict
keep within limits
incorruptible
inflexibly honest; incapable of being corrupted or bribed
matricide
act of killing (or killer of) one's mother
stricture
adverse criticism; censure
interrupt
break into or between; hinder; stop
patricide
act of killing (or killer of) one's father
rupture
1) break 2)hostility
pesticide
substance that kills rats, insects, bacteria, etc.
insectivorous
dependent on insects as food
convivial
fond of eating and drinking with friends; jovial; hopitable
bactericide
substance that kils bacteria
regicide
act of killing (or killer of) one's king
stringent
strict; rigid
omnivore
person or animal that eats everything (both flesh and plants)
biocide
substance that destroys living microorganisms
sororocide
act of killing (or killer of) one's sister
unrestricted
1) not confined within bounds; free 2) open to all
fratricide
act of killing (or killer of) one's brother
suicide
act of killing (or killer of) one's self
carnivore
flesh-eating animal
fungicide
substance that kills fungi or inhabits their growth
tyrannicide
act of killing (or killer of) a tyrant
carnivorous
flesh-eating
revive
bring back to life; restore
genocide
deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
astringent
1) drawing the tissues tightly together 2) stern; austere
devour
1) eat greedily or ravenously 2) seize upon and destroy
survive
outlive; remain alive after
germicide
substance that kills germs
boa constirctor
snake that constricts or crushes its prey in its coils
frugivorous
feeding on fruit
omnivorous
1) eating everything, both plants and animal substances 2) avidly taking in everything, as an omnivorous reader
vivacious
lively in temper or conduct
contortionist
person who can twist his or her body into odd postures
distort
1) twist out of shape; contort 2) tiwts out of true meaning; misprepresent; falsify
extort
wrest (money, promises, etc.) from a person my force (literally "twist out")
retort
reply quickly or sharply ("twist back")
torsion
act of twisting; twisting of body by two opposite forces
tortuous
1) full of twists or curves; winding 2) tricky; crooked
torture
1) wrench; twist 2) inflict sever pain upon / anguish of body or mind; agony
convict
prove guilty; show conclusively to be guilty; person serving a prison sentence
conviction
1) state of having been judged guilty of an offense 2) strong belief
convince
persuade or show conclusively by argument or proof
evict
1) expel by legal process, as to evict a tenant 2) oust
evince
show clearly; disclose
invincible
incapable of being conquered
vanquish
overcome in battle; conquer
victor
winner; conquer
fraction
one or more equal parts of a whole
fractious
apt to break out into a passion; cross; irritable
fracture
1) break or crack 2) breaking of a bone
fragile
easily broken; frail; delicate
fragment
part broken off
infraction
act of breaking; breach; violation
refract
bend a ray of light, a heat or sound wave from a straight course
refractory
rsisting; intractable; hard to manage
omnibus
covering many things at once (adj.); 1) bus 2) book containing a variety of works by one author (n.)
omnifarious
of all varieties, forms, or kinds
omnific
all-creating
omnipotent
unlimited in power; almighty
omnipresent
present everywhere at the same time; ubiquitous
omniscient
knowing everything
deflect
turn ("bend") aside
flex
bend, as to flex a limb
flexible
pliable; not rigid; tractable
flexor
muscle that serves to bend a limb
genuflect
bedn the knee; touch the right to knee to the ground as in worship
inflection
change ("bend") in the pitch or tone of a person's voice
inflexibility
rigidity; firmness
reflect
1) throw ("bend") back light, as from a prism 2) think
reflex
involuntary response ("bending back") to a stimulus
detention
act of keeping back or detaining
impertinent
1) not pertinent; inappropriate 2) rude
pertinacious
adhering firmly to a purpose or opinion; very persistent
pertinent
having to do with the matter at hand; relevant
retentive
tenacious; able to retain or remember
retinue
group of followers or assistants attending a distringuished person
tenacity
firmness in holding fast; persistence
tenancy
period of tenant's temporary holding of real estate
tenet
principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true
tenure
1) period for which an office or position is held 2) status assuring an employee a permanent position
untenable
incapable of being held or defended
admonish
warn of a fault; reprove; rebuke
admonition
gentle reproof; counseling against a fault or error
admonitory
conveying a gentle reproof
monitor
person or mechanical device that keeps track of, checks, or warns
monument
a means of reminding us of a person or event
premonition
forewarning; intuitive anticipation of a coming event
premonitory
conveying a forewarning
countermand
issue a contrary order
mandate
1) authoritative command 2) territory administered by a trustee (supervisory nation)
mandatory
obligatory; required by command
remand
send back; recommit, as to a prison
writ of mandamus
writtern order from a court to enforce the performance of some public duty
accredited
officially authorized or recognized; provided with credentials
credence
belief as to the truth of something
credentials
documents, letters, references, etc., that inspire belief or trust
credible
believable
credit
belief; faith; trust
credulous
too ready to believe; easily deceived
creed/credo
summary of principles believed in or adhered to
discredit
1) cast doubt on; refuse to believe 2) take trust or credit away from; disgrace; (n.) loss of belief or trust; damage to one's reputation; disgrace
incredible
not believable
incredulity
disbelief
affidavit
sworn written statement made before and authorized official
bona fide
made or carried out in good faith; genuine
confidant/confidante (if a woman)
one to whom secrete are entrusted
confident
having faith in oneself; self-reliant; sure
confidential
communicated in trust; secret; private
diffident
lack faith in oneself; timid; shy
fidelity
1) faithfulness to a trust or vow 2) accuracy; faithfulness of sound reproduction
fiduciary
1) held in trust 2) confidential
infidel
one who does not accept a particular faith; unbeliever
perfidious
false to a trust; faithless
perfidy
violation of a trust; treachery; faithlessness; disloyalty
congratulate
express one's plesure to another person at that person's success
gracious
pleasant; courteous; kindly
grateful
feeling or expressing gratitude; thankful; obliged
gratis
eithout charge or payment; free
gratitude
thankfulness
gratiuitous
1) given freely; gratis 2) unwarranted
gratuity
present of money in return for a favor or service; tip
ingrate
ungrateful person
ingratiate
establish (oneself) in the favor or good graces of another
immortal
1) not subject to death 2)not subject to oblivion; imperishable
immortality
1) eternal life 2) lasting fame
moribund
dying; near death
mortal
1) destined to die 2) human 3) causing death; fatal
mortality
1) death rate 2) mortal nature
mortician
undertaker
mortification
shame
mortify
embarrass; shame
mortuary
funeral home
rigor mortis
stiffness of the body that sets in several hours after death
corporal
bodily
corporation
body authorized by law to carry on an activity with the rights and duties of a single person
corps
1) organized body of persons 2) branch of the military
corpse
dead body
corpulent
bulky; obese; fat
corpus
general collection or body of writings, laws, etc.
corpuscle
1) blood cell 2) minute particle
espirit de corps
spirit of a body of persons; group spirit
habeas corpus
1) writ (order) requiring a detained person to be brought before a court to investigate the legality of that person's detention 2) right of a citizen to secure court protection against illegal imprisonment
incorporate
combine so as to form one body
corpus delicti
1) facts proving that a crime has been committed 2) body of the victim in a murder case
aqueduct
artificial channel for conducting water over a distance
conducive
tending to lead to; contributive; helpful
conduct
lead; guide; escort
deduction
1) taking away; subtraction 2) reasoning from the general to the particular
duct
tube or channel for conducting a liquid, air, etc.
ductile
1) able to be drawn out or hammered thin (said or metal) 2) easily led; docile
induce
lead on; move by persuasion
induct
admit as a member; initiate
induction
1) ceremony by which one is made a member; initiation 2) reasoning from the particular to the general
seduction
enticement; leading astray into wrongdoing
traduce
malign; slander; villify; calumniate
viaduct
bridge for conducting a road or railroad over a valley, river, etc.
consecutive
following in regular order; successive
consequence
1) that which follows logically; result 2) importance, as a person of consequence
execute
1) follow through to completion, carry out 2) put to death
inconsequential
of no consequence; trivial; unimportant
prosecute
1) follow to the end or until finished 2) conduct legal proceedings against; sue
sequel
something that follows; continuation; consequence; outcome
sequence
the following of one thing after another; succession; orderly series
sequential
arranged in a sequence; serial
concur
1) agree; be of the same opinion 2) happen together; coincide
concurrent
running together; occuring at the same time
current
1) running or flowing 2) now in progress, prevailing
curriculum
course of study in school or college
cursive
running or flowing (letters are joined)
cursory
running over hastily; superficially done
discursive
wandering from one topic to another; rambling
excursion
going out or forth; expedition
incur
1) meet with something undesirable 2) bring upon oneself
incursion
1) a rushing into 2) a hostile invasion; raid
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
recur
happen again
aggressive
disposed to attack; militant; assertive; pushing
egress
means of going out; exit
gradation
1) a change by steps or stages 2)act of grading
grade
step; stage; degree; rating
gradient
1) rate at which a road, railroad, tack, temperature, etc. rises 2) slope
gradual
step-by-step; bit by bit
graduate
complete all the steps of a course and receive a dimploma or degree
graduated
arranged in regular steps, stages, or degrees
progressive
going forward to something considered better
regressive
disposed to move backward; retrograde
retrograde
1) going backward 2) becoming worse
retrogression
act of going from better to worse
transgress
step beyond the limits or barriers; break a law
biped
2 footed animal
centipede
wormlike animal with one pair of legs on most of its segments
expedite
1) facilitate 2) accelerate or speed up
impede
hinder
impediment
1) hindrance 2) defect
millipede
wormlike with two pairs of legs on most of its segments
pedal
lever acted on by foot
pedestal
1) support or foot of a column or statue 2) foundation
pedestrian
person travelling on foot
velocipede
1) child's tricycle 2) early form of bicycle
contact
touching or meeting; association
contiguous
touching; in physical contact; adjoining
contingent
1) dependent on something else 2) accidental
intact
untouched or uninjured; kept or left whole
intangible
1) not capable of being perceived by the sense of touch 2) hard to grasp or define exactly
tact
sensitive mental perception of what is appropriate on a given occasion.
tactful
having or showing tact
tactile
1) pertaining to the sense of touch 2) tangible
tangent
touching
tangential
merely touching; slightly connected
apprehend
1) seize or take into custody 2) understand
apprehensive
1) quick to understand or grasp 2) fearful of what may come; anxious
comprehensible
able to be grasped mentally; understandeable
comprehensive
including very much; extensive
prehensile
adapted for seizing
reprehend
find fault with, rebuke
reprehensible
deserving of censure; culpable
abject
sunk or cast down to a low condition; downtrodden
conjecture
a guess
dejected
downcast; discouraged
eject
throw out or expel; evict
inject
force or introduce a liquid, a remark, etc.
interject
throw in between; insert; interpose
projectile
1) object designed to be shot forward 2) anything thrown forward
reject
refuse to take, discard
subject
force someone to undergo something unpleasant or inconvenient, expose
aversion
feeling of repugnance toward something, with a desire to turn away from, strong dislike
avert
1) turn away 2) prevent
controversy
dispute
diversion
entertainment, amusement
divert
1) turn aside 2) amuse, entertain
extrovert
one more interested in matters outside the self than in one's own thoughts and feelings
inadvertently
without turning one's mind to the matter at hand, carelessly
incontrovertible
not able to be turned opposite or disputed, not open to question
introvert
one more interested in one's own thoughts and feelings than in matters outside oneself
invert
turn upside down
obverse
side turned toward the observer
perverse
turned away from what is right or good
pervert
give a wrong meaning to, turn away from right or truth
revert
return, go back
versatile
able to turn with ease from one thing to another
verse
line of poetry
vertigo
condition in which one feels that one's surroundings are turning about; dizziness
commitment
1) consignment to prison or a mental institution 2) pledge
demise
death
emissary
person sent out on a mission
emit
send out; give off
intermittant
coming and going at intervals
missile
weapon capable of being propelled to hit a distant object
missive
written message sent; a letter
remiss
negligent
remission
period of lessening or diseappearance of the symptoms of a disease
remit
1) send money due 2) forgive
circumlocution
roundabout way of speaking
colloquy
a talking together; conference; conversation
elocution
art of speaking out or reading effectively in public
eloquent
speaking with force and fluency; movingly impressive
grandiloquent
using lofty or pompous words
interlocutor
talkative; garrulous
obloquy
1) speaking against; censure 2) public reproach
auriferous
bearing or yielding gold
coniferous
bearing cones
odoriferous
yielding an odor, usually fragrant
pestiferous
1) infected with or bearing disease 2) evil
proliferous
producing new growth rapidly and extensively
somniferous
bearing or inducing sleep
vociferous
producing a loud outcry; clamorous, noisy