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20 Cards in this Set

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800
beginning of holy roman empire
*important because stable gov. est. enabling art and buildings to be produced
1066
year Normans conquered England
brought romanesque style-patrons of the arts
impacted English lang.
ambulatory
comes from term meaning walkway in latin
refers to walkway of somekind
ex:cloisters have covered ambulatories
archivolt
medival doorway that frames the tympanum
common in gothic architecture
basilica
standard building type for most W.christian architecture
rectangular building that has central navel
apse at one end
ex: church
Benedictines
6th century
only monastic group recognized by the catholic church
only people with knowledge and resources for creating art
cathedral
church that bishop rules diocese from
comes from latin term meaning throne
refers to chair in which bishop rules from
bishop ruled by pope in rome
Charlemagne
French king
crowned by pope first holy roman emperor
patron of the arts-gave monastary $
intrested in recreating roman art
carolingian period
Chi-Rho monogram
ex: appears on Justian and his attendants
1st 2 ltters of christ's name in greek
BE ABLE TO DRAW THIS!!!
cloister
special space in the center of a monistary
courtyard w/ covered walkway(ambulatory) around it
where monks spent most of their day
codex
latin term for book
refers to manuscrpits made during the middle ages
made by monks
introduced idea of decorating letters
invented in 400
flying buttress
1175
developed in Paris cathedral
enabled the making of larger clear story windows
helped "prop" up weaker parts of the building from the outside (underneath the rib of the groins)
friday mosque
tradition that mosque cn hold all the men in the city to pray on friday afternoon prayer
mandorla
literally means almond in italian
almond shaped frame
window of the super natural
ex:saint-sernin,christ in majesty
medicant friars
1st part of 13th century
lived like monks but acted like regular people
lived in cities and preached to common people
took christian story an elaborated (soap opera style)
helped start court style
parchment/vellum
lambskin prepared for painting or writing/calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
pendentive
help support dome
concave,triangular section of a hemisphere
four of which provide the transition from square area to circular base of a covering dome
Rayonnant
means shining in French
refers to architectural style that replaced high gothic style
VERY large windows
no more intrest in tall buildings
reliquary
container for keeping relics
might hold a relic of a saint refering to pilgramage
tympanum
space enclosed by a lintel
arch over a doorway
ex:tympanum sculpture(christ in majesty)