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93 Cards in this Set

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to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve; meliorate
To judge or decide in or as in the manner of an arbitrator: arbitrate a dispute between neighbors.
To submit to settlement or judgment by arbitration: Management and labor agreed to arbitrate their remaining differences.

v. intr.

To serve as an arbitrator or arbiter.
To submit a dispute to arbitration.
To make slender, fine, or small: The drought attenuated the river to a narrow channel.
To reduce in force, value, amount, or degree; weaken: Medicine attenuated the fever's effect.
To lessen the density of; rarefy.
To bring (oneself, for example) into the favor or good graces of another, especially by deliberate effort: She quickly sought to ingratiate herself with the new administration
Of, relating to, or resembling an axiom; self-evident: "It's axiomatic in politics that voters won't throw out a presidential incumbent unless they think his challenger will clean house" (Peter Grier).
adjective 1. pleased, esp. with oneself or one's merits, advantages, situation, etc., often without awareness of some potential danger or defect; self-satisfied: The voters are too complacent to change the government.
adj. Weakened, worn out, impaired, or broken down by old age, illness, or hard use. See Synonyms at weak.
adjective 1. no longer in effect or use; not operating or functioning: a defunct law; a defunct organization.
2. no longer in existence; dead; extinct: a defunct person; a defunct tribe of Indians.
high in station, rank, or repute; prominent; distinguished: eminent statesmen.
2. conspicuous, signal, or noteworthy: eminent fairness.
3. lofty; high: eminent peaks.
4. prominent; projecting; protruding: an eminent nose
friendly; agreeable: a convivial atmosphere.
2. fond of feasting, drinking, and merry company; jovial.
3. of or befitting a feast; festive.
adjective 1. having or showing a disposition to avoid exertion; slothful: an indolent person.
2. Pathology. causing little or no pain; inactive or relatively benign: an indolent ulcer that is not painful and is slow to heal.
deserving praise; praiseworthy; commendable: Reorganizing the files was a laudable idea.
2. Medicine/Medical Obsolete. healthy; wholesome; not noxious.
constituting a beginning; giving origin to something derived or developed; original; elementary: primordial forms of life.
pertaining to, of the nature of, or resembling tallow or fat; fatty; greasy.
2. secreting a fatty substance.
to raise in rank, honor, power, character, quality, etc.; elevate: He was exalted to the position of president.
2. to praise; extol: to exalt someone to the skies
li·on·ize /ˈlaɪəˌnaɪz/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[lahy-uh-nahyz] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation verb, -ized, -iz·ing.
–verb (used with object) 1. to treat (a person) as a celebrity: to lionize the visiting poet.
2. British. to visit or exhibit the objects of interest of (a place).
–verb (used without object) 3. to pursue celebrities or seek their company.
4. British. to visit the objects of interest of a place.
ma·lign /məˈlaɪn/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[muh-lahyn] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–verb (used with object) 1. to speak harmful untruths about; speak evil of; slander; defame: to malign an honorable man.
–adjective 2. evil in effect; pernicious; baleful; injurious: The gloomy house had a malign influence upon her usually good mood.
3. having or showing an evil disposition; malevolent; malicious
noun 1. a treatise on a particular subject, as a biographical study or study of the works of one artist.
2. a highly detailed and thoroughly documented study or paper written about a limited area of a subject or field of inquiry: scholarly monographs on medieval pigments.
3. an account of a single thing or class of things, as of a species of organism
adjective 1. elevated or lofty in thought, language, etc.: Paradise Lost is sublime poetry.
2. impressing the mind with a sense of grandeur or power; inspiring awe, veneration, etc.: Switzerland has sublime scenery.
3. supreme or outstanding: a sublime dinner.
4. complete; absolute; utter: sublime stupidity
bliss·ful /ˈblɪsfəl/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[blis-fuhl] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective full of, abounding in, enjoying, or conferring bliss.
To make proud or joyful: Her success elated the family.

adj. Elated.
adjective 1. unmindful; unconscious; unaware (usually fol. by of or to): She was oblivious of his admiration.
2. forgetful; without remembrance or memory: oblivious of my former failure.
3. Archaic. inducing forgetfulness.
adjective favorable to or promoting health; healthful: salubrious air.
adjective 1. not savory; tasteless or insipid: an unsavory meal.
2. unpleasant in taste or smell; distasteful.
3. unappealing or disagreeable, as a pursuit: Poor teachers can make education unsavory.
4. socially or morally objectionable or offensive: an unsavory past; an unsavory person.
adjective, -li·er, -li·est. 1. large in bodily size; stout; sturdy.
2. bluff; brusque.
adjective 1. (of persons) liable to err, esp. in being deceived or mistaken.
2. liable to be erroneous or false; not accurate: fallible information
–adjective, hoar·i·er, hoar·i·est. 1. gray or white with age: an old dog with a hoary muzzle.
2. ancient or venerable: hoary myths.
3. tedious from familiarity; stale: Please don't tell that hoary joke at dinner again tonight.
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joc·und /ˈdʒɒkənd, ˈdʒoʊkənd/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[jok-uhnd, joh-kuhnd] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective cheerful; merry; gay; blithe; glad: a witty and jocund group.
adjective 1. causing irritation, vexation, or annoyance: to cope with a nettlesome situation.
2. easily provoked or annoyed: to become nettlesome over trivial matters
To reprove gently but earnestly.
To counsel (another) against something to be avoided; caution.
To remind of something forgotten or disregarded, as an obligation or a responsibility
A float moored in water to mark a location, warn of danger, or indicate a navigational channel.
A life buoy.

tr.v. buoyed, buoy·ing, buoys

To keep afloat or aloft: a glider buoyed by air currents.

To maintain at a high level; support: "the persistent ... takeover speculation, which has buoyed up the shares of banks" (Financial Times).
To hearten or inspire; uplift: "buoyed up by the team spirit and the pride of the older generation back at home" (Judith Martin).
verb (used without object) 1. to think hard; ponder; meditate: to cogitate about a problem.
tr.v. sub·vert·ed, sub·vert·ing, sub·verts

To destroy completely; ruin: "schemes to subvert the liberties of a great community" (Alexander Hamilton).
To undermine the character, morals, or allegiance of; corrupt.
To overthrow completely: "Economic assistance ... must subvert the existing ... feudal or tribal order" (Henry A. Kissinger). See Synonyms at overthrow.
truck·le1 /ˈtrʌkəl/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[truhk-uhl] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–verb (used without object), -led, -ling. to submit or yield obsequiously or tamely (usually fol. by to): Don't truckle to unreasonable demands.
adjective 1. lacking definite form; having no specific shape; formless: the amorphous clouds.
2. of no particular kind or character; indeterminate; having no pattern or structure; unorganized: an amorphous style; an amorphous personality.
adjective 1. subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one's discretion: an arbitrary decision.
2. decided by a judge or arbiter rather than by a law or statute.
3. having unlimited power; uncontrolled or unrestricted by law; despotic; tyrannical: an arbitrary government.
4. capricious; unreasonable; unsupported: an arbitrary demand for payment.
5. Mathematics. undetermined; not assigned a specific value: an arbitrary constant.
noun 1. a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons.
2. a person who leads an austerely simple life, esp. one who abstains from the normal pleasures of life or denies himself or herself material satisfaction.
3. (in the early Christian church) a monk; hermit
adjective, -ti·er, -ti·est. 1. having a stale smell; moldy; musty: fusty rooms that were in need of a good airing.
2. old-fashioned or out-of-date, as architecture, furnishings, or the like: They still live in that fusty, gingerbread house.
3. stubbornly conservative or old-fashioned; fogyish
adjective 1. suggesting an unhealthy mental state or attitude; unwholesomely gloomy, sensitive, extreme, etc.: a morbid interest in death.
2. affected by, caused by, causing, or characteristic of disease.
3. pertaining to diseased parts: morbid anatomy.
4. gruesome; grisly.
dis·con·so·late /dɪsˈkɒnsəlɪt/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[dis-kon-suh-lit] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. without consolation or solace; hopelessly unhappy; inconsolable: Loss of her pet dog made her disconsolate.
2. characterized by or causing dejection; cheerless; gloomy: disconsolate prospects.
n. A poem concerning farming or rural life.
ob·so·les·cent /ˌɒbsəˈlɛsənt/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[ob-suh-les-uhnt] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. becoming obsolete; passing out of use, as a word: an obsolescent term.
2. becoming outdated or outmoded, as machinery or weapons.
3. Biology. gradually disappearing or imperfectly developed, as vestigial organs.
sar·don·ic /sɑrˈdɒnɪk/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[sahr-don-ik] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective characterized by bitter or scornful derision; mocking; cynical; sneering: a sardonic grin.
tep·id (těp'ĭd) Pronunciation Key
Moderately warm; lukewarm.
Lacking in emotional warmth or enthusiasm; halfhearted: "the tepid conservatism of the fifties" (Irving Howe).
noun 1. a feeling of vexation, marked by disappointment or humiliation.
–verb (used with object) 2. to vex by disappointment or humiliation: The rejection of his proposal chagrined him deeply.
de·cliv·i·ty /dɪˈklɪvɪti/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[di-kliv-i-tee] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–noun, plural -ties. a downward slope, as of ground (opposed to acclivity).
–noun 1. high station, rank, or repute: philosophers of eminence.
2. a high place or part; a hill or elevation; height.
per·i·gee /ˈpɛrɪˌdʒi/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[per-i-jee] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–noun Astronomy. the point in the orbit of a heavenly body, esp. the moon, or of an artificial satellite at which it is nearest to the earth.
sub·ver·sion (səb-vûr'zhən, -shən) Pronunciation Key

The act or an instance of subverting.
The condition of being subverted.
Obsolete A cause of overthrow or ruin.
ac·quit /əˈkwɪt/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[uh-kwit] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–verb (used with object), -quit·ted, -quit·ting. 1. to relieve from a charge of fault or crime; declare not guilty: They acquitted him of the crime. The jury acquitted her, but I still think she's guilty.
2. to release or discharge (a person) from an obligation.
3. to settle or satisfy (a debt, obligation, claim, etc.).
4. to bear or conduct (oneself); behave: He acquitted himself well in battle.
5. to free or clear (oneself): He acquitted himself of suspicion
ca·jole /kəˈdʒoʊl/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[kuh-johl] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–verb (used with object), verb (used without object), -joled, -jol·ing. to persuade by flattery or promises; wheedle; coax.
ex·pur·gate /ˈɛkspərˌgeɪt/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[ek-sper-geyt] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–verb (used with object), -gat·ed, -gat·ing. 1. to amend by removing words, passages, etc., deemed offensive or objectionable: Most children read an expurgated version of Grimms' fairy tales.
2. to purge or cleanse of moral offensiveness.
–verb (used with object), razed, raz·ing. 1. to tear down; demolish; level to the ground: to raze a row of old buildings.
2. to shave or scrape off.
take the place or move into the position of; "Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left"; "the computer has supplanted the slide rule"; "Mary replaced Susan as the team's captain and the highest-ranked player in the school" [syn: supplant]
nu·ga·to·ry /ˈnugəˌtɔri, -ˌtoʊri, ˈnyu-/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[noo-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, nyoo-] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. of no real value; trifling; worthless.
2. of no force or effect; ineffective; futile; vain.
3. not valid.
os·ten·ta·tious /ˌɒstɛnˈteɪʃəs, -tən-/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[os-ten-tey-shuhs, -tuhn-] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress others: an ostentatious dresser.
2. (of actions, manner, qualities exhibited, etc.) intended to attract notice: Lady Bountiful's ostentatious charity.
adjective, -er, -est. 1. boldly forward in speech or behavior; impertinent; saucy.
2. jaunty and stylish; chic; natty.
3. lively; sprightly; in good health.
adjective 1. disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved.
2. reluctant or restrained.
verb (used with object) 1. to calm (someone).
2. to smooth out (something
noun, plural -ties. an upward slope, as of ground; an ascent
Damage, harm, or loss: took a long leave of absence without detriment to her career. See Synonyms at disadvantage.
Something that causes damage, harm, or loss: Smoking is now considered a detriment to good health.
noun patronage bestowed or favoritism shown on the basis of family relationship, as in business and politics: She was accused of nepotism when she made her nephew an officer of the firm.
pro·gen·i·tor /proʊˈdʒɛnɪtər/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[proh-jen-i-ter] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–noun 1. a biologically related ancestor: a progenitor of the species.
2. a person or thing that first indicates a direction, originates something, or serves as a model; predecessor; precursor: the progenitor of modern painting.
–noun 1. nearness in place; proximity.
2. nearness of relation; kinship.
3. affinity of nature; similarity.
4. nearness in time.
adjective given to or characterized by joking; jesting; humorous; playful: a jocose and amusing manner.
adjective 1. lowly and sometimes degrading: menial work.
2. servile; submissive: menial attitudes.
3. pertaining to or suitable for domestic servants; humble: menial furnishings.
–noun 4. a domestic servant.
5. a servile person.
adjective 1. characterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning: an obsequious bow.
2. servilely compliant or deferential: obsequious servants.
3. obedient; dutiful.
adjective 1. keenly distressing to the feelings: poignant regret.
2. keen or strong in mental appeal: a subject of poignant interest.
3. affecting or moving the emotions: a poignant scene.
4. pungent to the smell: poignant cooking odors.
adjective 1. of the nature of or characterized by precipices: a precipitous wall of rock.
2. extremely or impassably steep: precipitous mountain trails.
3. precipitate.
adjective 1. caused by or showing sincere remorse.
2. filled with a sense of guilt and the desire for atonement; penitent: a contrite sinner.
hag·gard /ˈhægərd/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[hag-erd] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. having a gaunt, wasted, or exhausted appearance, as from prolonged suffering, exertion, or anxiety; worn: the haggard faces of the tired troops.
2. wild; wild-looking: haggard eyes.
maud·lin /ˈmɔdlɪn/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[mawd-lin] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental: a maudlin story of a little orphan and her lost dog.
2. foolishly or mawkishly sentimental because of drunkenness.
–adjective, -tri·er, -tri·est. 1. ridiculously or insultingly small: a paltry sum.
2. utterly worthless.
3. mean or contemptible: a paltry coward
adjective, pudg·i·er, pudg·i·est. short and fat or thick: an infant's pudgy fingers
adjective 1. exceptionally pleasing to taste or smell; especially delicious or fragrant.
2. worthy of the gods; divine.
adjective sorrowful; mournful; melancholy: a doleful look on her face.
adjective characterized by or showing parsimony; frugal or stingy.
—Synonyms tight, close, niggardly, miserly
adjective 1. favorable to or promoting health; healthful.
2. promoting or conducive to some beneficial purpose; wholesome.
adjective, -wield·i·er, -wield·i·est. not wieldy; wielded with difficulty; not readily handled or managed in use or action, as from size, shape, or weight; awkward; ungainly.
noun 1. a self-evident truth that requires no proof.
2. a universally accepted principle or rule.
–noun, plural -te·ri·a /-ˈtɪəriə/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[-teer-ee-uh] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation, -te·ri·ons. a standard of judgment or criticism; a rule or principle for evaluating or testing something.
noun, plural crux·es, cru·ces /ˈkrusiz/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[kroo-seez] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation. 1. a vital, basic, decisive, or pivotal point: The crux of the trial was his whereabouts at the time of the murder.
2. a cross.
3. something that torments by its puzzling nature; a perplexing difficulty.
Synonyms 1. essence, heart, core, gist
–noun 1. an obelisk, column, large statue, etc., formed of a single block of stone.
2. a single block or piece of stone of considerable size, esp. when used in architecture or sculpture.
noun 1. a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing: his hilarious parody of Hamlet's soliloquy.
2. the genre of literary composition represented by such imitations.
3. a burlesque imitation of a musical composition.
4. any humorous, satirical, or burlesque imitation, as of a person, event, etc.
–adjective of, involving, or using calumny; slanderous; defamatory.
adjective 1. overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited: The award winner was in an ebullient mood at the dinner in her honor.
2. bubbling up like a boiling liquid.
adjective 1. having its original purity; uncorrupted or unsullied.
2. of or pertaining to the earliest period or state; primitive.
–adjective 1. that is to be lamented; regrettable; unfortunate: a lamentable decision.
2. Rare. mournful.
adjective 1. having its original purity; uncorrupted or unsullied.
2. of or pertaining to the earliest period or state; primitive.
Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid. See Synonyms at shy1.
Reserved in manner.
pro·di·gious /prəˈdɪdʒəs/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[pruh-dij-uhs] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force, etc.: a prodigious research grant.
2. wonderful or marvelous: a prodigious feat.
3. abnormal; monstrous.
–adjective 1. having many curves, bends, or turns; winding: a sinuous path.
2. indirect; devious: sinuous questions.
3. characterized by a series of graceful curving motions: a sinuous dance.
4. Botany. sinuate, as a leaf.
trac·ta·ble /ˈtræktəbəl/ Pronunciation Key - Show Spelled Pronunciation[trak-tuh-buhl] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation
–adjective 1. easily managed or controlled; docile; yielding: a tractable child; a tractable disposition.
2. easily worked, shaped, or otherwise handled; malleable.