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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is how an antimicrobial agent is administered, oral,parental,intravenous,etc?
route of administration
What is the concentration of an antimicrobial agent achieved in the body?
in-vivo concentration
What is the concentration of an antimicrobial agent in a test tube?
in-vitro concentration
What are adverse reactions to an administered agent?
What is the primary mechanism the body breaks down and excretes an antimicrobial agent?
route of excretion
What is a small test tube inverted in liquid growth media that traps gas during fermentation?
Durham tube
What is a ph indicator that will allows for media to change yellow or pink to indicate a change in ph?
phenol red
What is a medium used for isolation and for all to grow upon?
basic medium
What is a medium that allows one to distinguish between different species of microorganisms?
differential media
What is a media that contains ingredients that inhibit certain microorganisms and encourages the growth of others?
selective medium
What enhances the growth of bacterial species while inhibiting development of unwanted microogranisms?
enrichment broth
What is anything that illicits an immune response?
antigen ag
What are specific immunoglobulins produced in response to an antigenic challenge?
antibodies ab
Where are antibodies found?
blood, plasma, body fluids
What can antibodies bind to? 2
bind and neutralize bacterial toxins or bind to surfaces of bacteria, viruses or parasites
What is the use of a known antibody or antigen to diagnose or define an infection agent?
immunologic identification
What is the forming of an insoluble immune complex by the cross linking of cells or particles with homologous antigen and antibody present?
What is PCR?
polymerase chain reaction
What is the multiply of thousands fold a minute an amount of virus antigen to where even the smallest amount can be detected?
polymerase chain reaction
Invasion or colonization of body by pathogenic microorganisms.
Infection results in change from a state of health.
Capable of causing disease
Normal bacterial colonies that establish themselves in non sterile areas of body
normal flora
May be present and not cause disease
Living together of two organisms or populations
When one organism benefits, but doesn't harm its other.
What are organisms that ordinarily do not cause disease but do in deabilitated or immunocompromised patient?
opportunist microorganisms
Antibiotic delivered into muscle such as gluteus maximus
Antimicrobial is delivered into a vein
Any route of administration that is not through alimentary canal?
Chemicals dissolved in water or alcohol that change color based on ph of environment
ph indicator
This ph indicator has 6-7.6. Yellow acid blue in alkaline.
bromthymol blue
This ph indicator has range of 6.8-8. Red acid and amber alkaline
neutral red
This ph indicator has range of 6.8-8.4. Yellow in acid and red in alkaline.
phenol red