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45 Cards in this Set

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3 membranes that surround the skull and spinal column

a. meninges
b. dura mater
c. arachnoid
d. pia mater
a. meninges
First layer that lines the crainial bones and covers the brain and spinal cord.

a. meninges
b. dura mater
c. arachnoid
d. pia mater
b. dura mater
The second layer that is a cobweblike membrane containing many blood vessels

a. meninges
b. dura mater
c. arachnoid
d. pia mater
c. arachnoid
The third layer is thin and adheres directly to the brain and spinal cord.

a. meninges
b. dura mater
c. arachnoid
d. pia mater
d. pia mater
Cystic, round, usually nontender swellins located along tendon sheaths or joint capsules. the hand and writs are frequent sites.

a. Bursitis
b. Joint Disease
c. arthritis
d. Ganglion
d. Ganglion
2 Types of cells found in the central nervous system

a. neurons, dendrites
b. neurons, neuroligia
c. axons, myelin
d. Neurilemma
b. neurons, neuroligia
Nerve cells that conduct impulses. Receive and transmit electrical signals to other neurons, muscles, or glands.

a. Neurolgia
b. Myelin
c. Neurons
d. axons
c. Neurons
Supports and protects neurons as it holds them together.

a. Neurolgia
b. Myelin
c. Neurons
d. axons
a. Neurolgia
Nerve cells conisist of a cell body and its nerve fibers.


a. neurons, dendrites
b. neurons, neuroligia
c. axons, dendrites
d. Neurilemma
c. axons, dendrites
Carry signals to the cell body. They look like small hairs

a. dendrites
b. axons
c. myelin
d. neurilemma
a. dendrites
Elongated projection that carries signals away from teh cell body.

a. dendrites
b. axons
c. myelin
d. neurilemma
b. axons
In the peripheral nervous system, the neuroglia forms a protective sheath around the axons. Teh neuroglia contains a fatty insulator called _____ which is produced by Schwann cells.


a. dendrites
b. axons
c. myelin
d. neurilemma
c. myelin
Space or junction between two neurons or a neuron and an effector organ called

a. neurotransmitter
b. synapse
c. refractory period
d. axon
b. synapse
Which cranial nerve transmits information about taste and smell from the nasal cavity to the cerebrum.

a. I - Olfactory
b. II - Optic
c. IX - Glossopharyngeal
d. X - Vagus
a. I - Olfactory
which cranial nerve transmits info about clarity and field of vision from the retina to the midbrain of the cerebrum.

a. I - Olfactory
b. II - Optic
c. IX - Glossopharyngeal
d. X - Vagus
b. II - Optic
Which cranial nerve transmits info about eye movement and controls all external eye muscles and pupil contraction and relaxation.

a. X Vagus
b. V Trigeminal
c. III Oculomotor
d. XI Accessory
c. III Oculomotor
Which cranial nerve innervates the superior oblique eye muscle.

a. X Vagus
b. V Trigeminal
c. IV Trochlear
d. XI Accessory
c. IV Trochlear
Which cranial nerve provides sensory of the face?

a. X Vagus
b. V Trigeminal
c. IV Trochlear
d. XI Accessory
b. V Trigeminal
Which cranial nerve produces an eye function. - lateral rectus eye muscle?

a. II Optic
b. VI abducens
c. XI Optic
d. III Oculomotor
b. VI abducens
Which cranial nerve uses facial expresion and wrinkles the forehead


a. VII Facial
b. VI abducens
c. XI Optic
d. III Oculomotor
a. VII Facial
Which crainal nerve is auditory acuity and helps with balance

a. X Vagus
b. V Trigeminal
c. IV Trochlear
d. VIII Vestibulocochlear
d. VIII Vestibulocochlear
Which cranial nerves is concerned primarily with taste.


a. IX Glossopharyngeal
b. V Trigeminal
c. IV Trochlear
d. VIII Vestibulocochlear
a. IX Glossopharyngeal
Which cranial nerve is concerned with cardiac, respiratory, and reflexes?

a. IX Glossopharyngeal
b. X Vagus
c. IV Trochlear
d. VIII Vestibulocochlear
b. X Vagus
Which cranail nerve has the strength of traps and sternocleidomastoid?

a. VII Facial
b. VI abducens
c. XI Optic
d. XI Spinal Accessory
d. XI Spinal Accessory
Which cranial nerve has the motor function of the tongue?

a. X Vagus
b. V Trigeminal
c. XII Hypoglossal
d. XI Accessory
c. XII Hypoglossal
Specific free nerve endings that detect painful stimuli.

a. golgi tendon
b. muscle spindles
c. nociceptors
d. reflec arc
c. nociceptors
These are located primarily in the belly of the muscle. They are stretch receptors that monitor and respond to sudden and excessive lengthening.

a. golgi tendon
b. muscle spindles
c. nociceptors
d. reflec arc
b. muscle spindles
Fibers found in the tendons and musculotendinous junctions, respond to increases in tension.

a. golgi tendon
b. muscle spindles
c. nociceptors
d. reflec arc
a. golgi tendon
A receptor in a ligament that helps to prevent injury when excessive strain or tension is applied to a joint, they initiate a signal that results in inhibition of the adjacent muscle or muscles.

a. a. golgi tendon
b. muscle spindles
c. nociceptors
d. joint kinesthetic receptors
d. joint kinesthetic receptors
A fast autonomic response to a stimulus that helps maintain homeostasis.

a. a. golgi tendon
b. reflex arc
c. nociceptors
d. joint kinesthetic receptors
b. reflex arc
Where is the heart located?

a. mediastinum
b. pericardium
c. atrium
d. myocardium
a. mediastinum
The space between the lungs
A sac that surrounds the heart and secretes a lubricating fluid that prevents friction from the movement of the heart.


a. mediastinum
b. pericardium
c. atrium
d. myocardium
b. pericardium
*Also maintains the location of the heart within the thoracic cavity.
The actual heart muscle that makes up the thickest part of the heart and generates the contractions.

a. mediastinum
b. pericardium
c. atrium
d. myocardium
d. myocardium
What is the outer membrane of the heart called?

a. endocardium
b. pericardium
c. epicardium
d. myocardium
c. epicardium
What is the smooth lining of the heart?


a. endocardium
b. pericardium
c. epicardium
d. myocardium
a. endocardium
How many chambers is the heart divided into?

a. 1
b. 4
c. 6
d. 2
b. 4
What are the 2 small thin walled chambers of the heart called?

a. Ventricles
b. pericardium
c. atrium
d. myocardium
c. atrium

Left and right
What are the 2 larger, lower chambers of the heart called?


a. Ventricles
b. pericardium
c. atrium
d. myocardium
a. Ventricles

Left and right
Where is the bicuspid valve located?

a. left atrium and left ventricle
b. right atrium and left ventricle
a. left atrium and left ventricle
Where is the tricuspid valave located?


a. left atrium and left ventricle
b. right atrium and left ventricle
b. right atrium and left ventricle
The average healthy person had ___ to ___ cycles , or beats, per minuete

a. 60 to 70
b. 70 to 80
c. 80 to 90
d. 40 t0 50
a. 60 to 70
what is the BP of a n average healthy person?

a. 90/60
b. 120/60
c. 120/80
d. 140/90
c. 120/80
What BP is considered hypotension.

a. 90/60
b. 120/60
c. 120/80
d. 100/60
d. 100/60
What BP is considered hypertension

a. 140/90
b. 120/60
c. 120/80
d. 100/60
a. 140/90
How many bones is found in the body?

a. 200
b. 206
c. 210
d. 207
b. 206