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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
story problem
conflict
imagery
the use of selected details to describe one thingof another this helps suggest additional meanings and feelings
potaginist
the central character of the story
Sett:ng:
The environment in which the story takes place.
hyperbole
an exaggerated staement used to make a strong effect
Narrator:
The speaker who tells the story. If the narrator is also a character who participates in the story, it is important not to confuse thenarrator with the author-who may, in fact, hold a very different attitude toward the story.
exposition
background material about the characters, setting, and dramatic situation with which the author introduces the essential of the story to the reader.
resolution
the conclusion of the story
description
verbal representation od characters,scene,or action used to make the story more vivid for reader
antaginist
bad guy character in direct conflit with the potaginist
.Point of view:
The perspective from which a story is told.3rd Point of view is said to be omniscient if the author is outside the
story and presents the thoughts of all the characters involved. 1st point of view is called limited when the story is told from the view~ i~1
I pomt of one character who can see only a part of the whOle story.
conflict
the central source of tension and drama in the story
irony
a particular tone created when the speaker intends a meaning that is opposite to the words he or she says
characterization
the methodsa writer uses to communicate information about characters to readers
direct charecterization
when the author tells the reader directly about a character it is called
Understatement:
A figure of speech in which the speaker says less than
what he or she actually feels.
dramatic irony
a technique that increases suspense by letting readers know more about the dramatic situation
complication
any obstacle that increases the tension of the story conflict
indirect characterzation
when the author show the character in action and lets readers draw their own conclusions it is called
Rising action:
The part of the story, including exposition, in which theRising action builds to its Highest point of tension at the story's climax.
diction
the author's choice of words the vocabulary level of the story
dialogue
the actual words that characters speak
climax
the moment when the acton comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict
Structure:
the framework determines how a story is put together its"skeleton." The'structure of many stories includes four basic parts: exposition,
complication, climax, and resolution.
Suspense:
Techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the
story and wondering what will happen next.
Style:
The characteristic ways that an individual author uses language-including word choice, length and complexity of sentences patterns of sound, and use of imagery and symbols.
Theme:
The story's main ideas-the "message" that the author intends"to communicate by telling the story. Themes are often universal truths that are sugessted by the specifics of the story.
Symbol:
An image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea (or
ideas) beyond its literal meaning.
mood
the overall feeling light and happy or dark and brooding for example created by an authors choice of words
forshadowing
a writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story
falling action
the part of the story following the climax and leading to the resolution in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension
Tone:
The clues in a story that suggest the wricc;i: .;, (or narrator's) own
attitude toward elements of his or her story.