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36 Cards in this Set

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Red top tube (plain)
for serum, no additive, serum should be removed from RBC within 30min of clotting & place to transfer tube
Serum separator tube/gel
for serum, gel separates serum from clotted blood
Lavender top
EDTA, blood & fluid samples
Light blue top
citrate solution, used for coagulation testing
Green top
heparin
Gray top
Sodium fluoride, glucose preservative
CBC tests (5)
PCV/TP
Hemoblobin
tWBC
Blood smear (film exam, morpohology of WBC, RBC, platelets, WBC differential)
Anemia indicators
Low PCV, Hb, RBC
Tests to be done if patient is anemic (3)
1) reticulocyte count
2) total platelets
3) RBC indices
Plasma in hematocrit
1) yellow = icteric = bilirubinemia = liver disorder
2) pink/red = hemolysis
3) milky = lipemic
TP
expression
contents
g/dl
albumin, globulin, fibrinogen
Erythrocyte indices
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
Mean Corpuscular Hb (MCH)
Mean Corpuscular Hb Concentration (MCHC)
MCV
mean volume for group of RBCs
femtoliters (fl)
PCV x 10/RBC
MCH
mean weight of Hb in RBC
pictograms (pg)
Hb x 10/RBC
MCHC
g/dl
Hb x 100/PCV
concentration of Hb in average RBC
Acquired Morphological Abnormalities
Toxic Change
"Atypical" Lymphocytes
Nuclear Hyposegmentation
Nuclear Hypersegmentation
TANN
Nuclear Hyposegmentation
early release of band neutrophils
Nuclear Hypersegmentation
neutrophils with five or more lobes, due to aging neutrophils
Toxic Change

Cause and presentation
Result of inflammation, infection, drug toxicity.

Cytoplasmic basophilia, Dohle bodies, vacuoles, or "foaminess"
Atypical Lymphocytes are a result of ...
chronic antigenic stimulation
Dohle Bodies
granules present in toxic neutrophils
wet chemistry instrument
light sent through liquid sample, measure intensitiy of emergent light, light converted into electrical energy - displayed digitally on meter.
dry chemistry analyzers
reflective photometric principle used to measure concentration of solutions
electronic cell counters
darkfield illumination counter
impedance counter
multifunctional instruments
DIM
-philia, -cytosis
increased # of cells. neutrophillia, leukocytosis
left shift
increased # of immature neutrophils
leukemia
neoplastic cells in blood or bone marrow
leukomoid response
leukocytosis
can be mistaken for leukemia
result of inflammatory disease
lymphoproliferative disorders
lymphocytes or plasma cells proliferate abnormally
myeloproliferative disorders
bone marrow disorders
neoplastic proliferation of bone marrow cell lines
-penia
decrease # of cells. neutropenia, lymphopenia
Neutrophil
Name
lymphocyte
name
monocyte
name
eosinophil
name
basophil
name