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7 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
fat soluble vitamins, deficiencies, and excess
A: night blindness -> birth defects, liver

D: Ricketts/Osteomalacia -> hypercalcemia

E: rare -> bleeding

K: Bleeding (warfarin OD) -> ?
water soluble vitamins
B1, B6, B12, Folic acid, Iron
B1
(thiamin): alcoholics
causes...CNS probs (werneke-korsakoff)
tx...IV replacement
B6
(Pyrox.): alcoholics
causes...periph. neuritis
tx...INH
B12
decreased absorption
*megaloblastic, parathesias
tx...give folic acid and b12
**lifelong tx
folic acid
*megaloblastic
NT defects
***NO neuro effect! (thats how you know its not b12)
Iron
preg, infant/child r/t growth, blood loss

*microcystic, hypochromic
pale, weak, SOB
tx... ferrous sulfate
-N/Const. green stool
*anaphylaxis w/ parenteral
goal...increase Hgb 2/mo

LIQUID TX:
-straw
-space dose
-rinse mouth