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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
B1(THIAMIN)
-Coenzyme for removal of CO2
-Lack: Beriberi which includes nerve damage,edema, heart failure
**water soluble**
B2
-Energy metabolism
-Lack: Reddened lips, cracks at corner of mouth, eye lesions
**water soluble**
Niacin
-Oxidation reduction reaction to form NAD(imp. in ATP)
-Lack: Pallegra-skin lesions, GI lesions, mental disorders
-Excess: Inc. nicotinic acid-potent vasodilator and inhibitor of fatty acid synthesis
**water soluble**
B6(Pyridoxine)
-cOENZYME--amino acid and glycogen metabolism
-Lack: irritability, convulsions, muscles twitching, kidney stones
-Excess: May induce liver disease and nerve damage
Excess riboflavin may impair vision
**water soluble**
Patothenic acid
-Coenzyme-energy metabolism
-Lack: fatigue, sleep disturbance, impaired coordination, nausea
**water soluble**
Folic Acid
-Nucleic acid and amino acid metabolism
-Lack: Anemia, GI disturbances, diarrhea
-Excess: Allergic response
**Water soluble**
*needed in pregnant women and older men*
B12
-Nucleic acid metabolism
-Lack: Pernicious anemia, neurological disorders
Biotin
-Coenzyme needed for fat sythesis, amino acid metabolism, and glycogen formation
-Lack: Fatigue, depression, nausea, dermatitis, muscle pains
*water soluble*
Vitamin C
-Maintains intercellular matrix of cartilage and bone
-Lack: scurvy-degeneration of skin, teeth blood vessels, damage to small blood vessels
-Excess: may promote kidney stones, hemolytic anemia, bowel irritation, diarrhea, destruction of B12
**water soluble**
A(retinol)
-Visual pigment
-Maintains skin tissue
-helps form connective tissue
-Lack: night blindness
-Excess: Birth defects
Children-swelling of bones,dry itchy skin, weight loss
Adults-nausea, drowsiness, headaches, loss of hair, diarrhea, loss of Ca in bone
D
-Promotes growth and mineraliztion of bones
-Increases absorption of Ca
-Lack: Rickets in children
Osteomalacia in adults
E
-Antioxidant to prevent cell damage
-Lack: Anemia, more free radicals and may become exhausted more quickly
-Excess: headaches, fatigue, blurred vision, GI disturbances, internal bleeding, muscle weakness
K
-Boold clotting
-Formation of prothrombin
-Lack: severe bleeding especially internally