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26 Cards in this Set

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Night blindness, xerophthalmia, keratomalacia, conjunctivitis, poor growth, impaired resistance to infection, abnormal tooth enamel develoment
Vit A deficiency
Rickets (with elevated phosphatase levels appearing before bone deformities), osteomalcia, infantile tetany
Vit D deficiency
Increased intracranial pressure, anorexia, hyperstosis (pain and swelling of long bones), alopecia, hepatomegaly, poor growth
Vit A excess
Hypercalcemia, azotemia, poor growth, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, calcinosis of a variety of tissues including kidney, heart, bronchi, and stomach
Vit D excess
Hemolytic anemia in premature infants
Vit E deficiency
Scurvy and poor wound healing
Vit C deficiency
Beriberi (neuritis, edema, cardiac failure), hoarseness, anorexia, restlessness, aphonia
Thiamine (Vit B1) deficiency
Wet and Dry Beriberi, Korsakoff's dz, Wernicke's
Thiamine (Vit B1) deficiency
Photophobia, cheilosis, glossitis, corneal vascularization, poor growth
Riboflavin (Vit B2) deficiency
Pellegra (diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia)
Niacin (Vit B3) deficiency
May predispose to kidney stones
Excess Vit C (ascorbic acid)
Flushing and pruritus
Niacin (Vit B3) excess resutling in nicotininc acid excess
In infants, irritability, convulsions, anemia;
In older patients (on isoniazid): dermatitis, glossitis, cheilosis, peripheral neuritis
Pyridoxine (Vit B6) deficiency
Sensory neuropathy from excess of this
Vit B6 (pyridoxine) excess
Megaloblastic anemia, glossitis, pharyngeal ulcers, impaired cellular immunity
Folate
Neurologic deterioration, methylmalonic acidemia
Vit B12 (cobalamin) defciency (results from pernicious anemia, deficiecny of more than 3 months)
Rarely depression, hypotension, muscle weakness, abdominal pain
Pantothenic acid (Vit B5)
Dermatitis, seborrhea, anorexia, muscle pain, pallor, alopecia
Biotin deficiency
Hemorrhagic manifestions
Vit K deficency
Hyperbilirubinemia
Vit K excess
Vegan mothers must be supplemented with this if they are to breast feed their infants
Vit B12 (cobalamin)to prevent methylmalonic acidemia that can result in failure to thrive, seizure, encephalopathy, stroke and other manifestations in the infant. Infants on a vegan diet are also supplemented with Vit B12 because of the high fiber content in their vegan diet and the rapid GI transit time.
Infant presents with failure to thrive and signs of Vit A (fullness in fontanelles), D (hypocalcemia), E (hemolytic anamia), and K (bleeding problems) defiency. What do youtest for?
Sweat chloride test for cystic fibrosis.
Formula feed for infant with galactosemia
Lactose-free formula
Formula feed for infant with phenylketonuria
Low-phenylalanine formula
Formula feed for infant with Maple-syrup urine dz
Low- isoleucins, -leucine, and -valine infant formula
Breast fed infants must still be supplemented with these
Fluoride and Vit D