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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are VITAL SIGNS?
prime mechanism that adapt to responses in/outside body to maintain homeostasis.
what is SENSORIUM?
patient's mental alertness
define BODY TEMP
measurement of body heat from the deep tissues. human norm is 98.6F or 37C
what is THERMOREGULATION?
maintenance of body heat loss and production
which gland helps regulate body temp?
HYPOTHALAMUS
FOUR ROUTES used to measure BODY TEMP
1 oral
2 rectal
3 axillary
4 tympanic
when taking axillary temp, how long should thermometer stay in place?
5 to 10 minutes
which route gives highest body temp reading?
RECTAL
body temp higher than 99.5F is referred to as...
FEBRILE OR HYPERTHERMIC
FEVERS ARE COMMON WITH WHAT?
VIRAL AND BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
BODY TEMP LOWER THAN THE NORM IS REFERRED TO AS...
HYPOTHERMIA
BODY CELLS REQUIRE O2 FOR WHAT REASON
CELLULAR METABOLISM
HOW LONG CAN HUMAN BRAIN SURVIVE BEFORE IRREVERSIBLE DAMAGE IS DONE?
6 MINUTES
what is homeostasis?
relative constancy in the internal environ of the body, naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival.
what are prime mechs that maintain homeostasis?
HR, BP, BODY TEMP, RESPIRATORY RATE, ELECTROLITE BALANCE
WHAT DO VITAL SIGNS SERVE?
WHEN QUICKLY ASSESSED THEY ARE NONINVASIVE AND OJBECTIVE WAYS TO ASSESS PATEINTS IMMEDIATE CONDITION
1 respiration cycle consists of...
1 inhalation and 1 exhalation
how should respiration rates be taken?
without patients knowledge, or risk them altering thier rate and pattern.
what does pulse rate reflect?
rapidity of heart contraction @ 1 minute
what is ave. adult pulse rate
60-100 beats/min
what do you use to monitor pulse?
pulse ox, ekg, a-line, stethoscope
what is TACHYCARDIA?
HR> 100 bpm and HR > 20 pm above norm resting adult HR
what is HYPERTENSION?
(SILENT KILLER)
BP consistently > 140/90
OXYGEN is what kind of gas?
TASTELESS, COLORLESS, ODORLESS GAS
US PHARMACOPEIA LISTS OXYGEN AS A DRUG T/F?
TRUE
define HYPOXEMIA
DECREASE OF OXYGEN IN THE BLOOD POOL
define HYPOXIA
DECREASED OXYGEN LEVELS @ THE CELLULAR LEVEL. AN INDICATION FOR THERAPY
WHAT KINND OF O2 SUPPLE DEVICE OS THE NASAL CANNULA?
LOW FLOW VARIBLE
WHAT CAN INTERFER WITH THE ACCURACY OF THE PULSE RATE MONITORS?
PT MOVT, MISPLACED ELECTRODE OR LEAD LINES, NAIL POLISH, LOTION, LOW BP
WHAT DO YOU USE TO MEASURE BP?
SPHYGMOMANOMETER AND STETHOSCOPE