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37 Cards in this Set

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Virus is Latin for ____?
Poison
Scientist credited with discovering the first virus
Stanley
The type of virus that attacks bacteria.
Bacteiophage
The name of the first discovered virus
Tobacco mosaic virus
White blood cells that engulf an destroy disease.
Phagocytes
The stage of the lytic cycle in which the viral dna is injected to the host cell
Entry
Diagnosis
symptoms: watery discharge from nose, fatigue and scratchiness of the throat
Common Cold
The stage of the Lytic cycle in which virus particles are put together.
Assembly
A protein that viruses produce that blocks the reproductive process and slows down the progress of infection.
Interferon
Type of core in a virus
Nucleic acid-either DNA or RNA
Type of RNA virus in which RNA takes over the DNA and makes new viruses.
Retrovirus
What scientists use to be able to see viruses
Electron microscope
Type of contact in which someone touches an infected person.
Direct contact
The reproductive cycle of virulent viruses
Lytic Cycle
The area on a host cell where a virus attaches.
receptor site
Type of dormant virus that is formed when the viral DNA joins with the host cell DNA.
Provirus
What means "influence of the stars"?
Influenza
Protein part of a virus that may cause: Mad cow disease, and Kuru.
Prion
Diagnosis

Symptoms: Fever, cough, red rash
Prevention: Vaccination
Measles
The name of the virus that was killed by mass immunizations.
Small pox
What are used to grow viruses for vaccines?
chicken eggs
The viral disease that President Roosevelt contracted that causes paralysis and even death.
Polio
Viruses are used to treat what type of diseases?
Genetic disorders
An RNA strand that causes disease in plants.
Viroid
Dead or weakened pathogens that are given to prevent diseases.
Vaccinations
Where is the Centers for Disease Control located?
Atlanta, Moscow
The chemical produced by viruses during replication that slows down the reproductive process of a virus.
interferon
Viruses reproduce inside ______
Host Cells
The area where a virus attaches to a host cell
receptor site
Chicken Pox and ______ both come from the same virus.
Shingles
The part of the influenza virus that changes often so our immune system doesn't recognize it
protein coat
Type of virus that does not cause disease immediately.
Temperate
Rabies attacks these cells in the body
Nerve
HIV causes ?
AIDs
White blood cells that produce antibodies.
Lymphocytes
The type of viruses that causes disease immediately.
Virulent
The breaking open of a host cell during viral infection.
Lysis