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112 Cards in this Set

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Parvovirus

DNA type
ssDNA
Parvovirus

virion-associated polymerase
no
Parvovirus

envelope?
naked
Parvovirus

genome replicates in
the nucleus
Papovavirus

genome type
circular dsDNA
describe the shape of all DNA viruses
icosahedral
Papovavirus

virion-associated polymerase
no
Papovavirus

envelope
naked
Papovavirus

Genome replicates in
nucleus
Papovavirus

major viruses
papilloma

polyoma
Adenovirus

genome
linear dsDNA
Adenovirus

virion-associated polymerase
nope
Adenovirus

envelope
naked
Adenovirus

genome replicates in
the nucleus
Herpes virus

genome
linear dsDNA
Herpes Virus

virion-associated polymerase
nope
Herpes Virus

envelope (significance)
NUCLEAR (no MHC) envelope
Herpes Virus

genome replicates in
the nucles
Herpes Virus

virions assemble in
the nucleus
Herpes virus

significant viruses
HSV
VZV
EBV
CMV
Poxvirus

genome
dsDNA linear
Poxvirus

shape
brick-shaped "complex"
Poxvirus

virion-associated polymerase
Yes, a DNA dependent RNA polymerase (necessary for cytoplasmic transcription)
Poxvirus

genome replicates in
cytoplasm
Poxvirus

envelope
yes
Poxvirus

significant viruses
virola
vaccina
molluscum contagiosum
Hepadenavirus

genome
partially dsDNA, circular
Hepadenavirus

virion-associated polymerase
yes, a reverse transcriptase (genome replication goes DNA
to RNA back to DNA)
Hepadenavirus
envelope
yes
Hepadenavirus

genome replicates in
the nucleus
Hepadenavirus

significant virus
HBV
HSV1

site of latency
CN V ganglia
HSV2
site of latency
sacral ganglia
VZV

site of latency
dorsal root ganglia
EBV

site of latency
B cells
CMV

site of latency
mononuclear cells
HHV-6

site of latency
mononuclear cells
Calicivirus

genome
ss(+) RNA Linear non-segmented
Calicivirus

virion-associated polymerase
nope
Calicivirus

envelope
naked
Calicivirus

shape
icosahedral
Calicivirus

multiplies in
cytoplasm
Calicivirus

major viruses
Norwalk

noro-like

Hep E
picornavirus

genome
ss(+) RNA linear non-segmented
picornavirus

virion-associated polymerase
nope
picornavirus

envelope
naked
picornavirus

shape
icosahedral
picornavirus

replicates in
cytoplasm
picornavirus

major viruses
polio
echo
coxsackie
enteroviruss
rhino
Hep A
Flavivirus

genome
ss (+) RNA linear non-segmented
Flavivirus
virion-associated polymerase
nope
Flavivirus
envelope
yes
Flavivirus
shape
icosahedral
Flavivirus

replicates in
cytoplasm
Flavivirus

major viruses
*HEP C*
Yellow Fever
Dengue
St. Louis encephalitis
West nile virus
Togavirus

genome
ss(+) RNA linear non-segmented
Togavirus

envelope
yes
Togavirus

Shape
icosahedral
Togavirus

replicates in
cytoplasm
Togavirus

major viruses
Rubella
WEE
EEE
Venezuelan encephalitis
Coronavirus

genome
ss (+) RNA linear non-segmented
Coronavirus

virion-associated polymerase
nope
Coronavirus

virion-associated polymerase
nope
Coronavirus

envelope
yes
Coronavirus

shape
helical
Coronavirus

replicates in
cytoplasm
Coronavirus

major viruses
Coronaviruses

SARS
Retrovirus

genome
*diploid* ss (+) RNA linear non-segmented
Retrovirus

virion-associated polymerase
reverse transcriptase
Retrovirus

envelope
yes
Retrovirus

shape
icosahedral or truncated conical
Retrovirus

replicates in the
nucleus
Retrovirus

major viruses
HIV
HTLV
sarcoma
Paramyxovirus
genome
ss(-) RNA linear non-segmented
Paramyxovirus

virion associated polymerase
yes
Paramyxovirus

envelope
yes
Paramyxovirus

shape
helical
Paramyxovirus

multiplies in
cytoplasm
Paramyxovirus

major viruses
Mumps
Measls
RSV
parainfluenza
Rhabdovirus

genome
ss(-) RNA Linear, non-segmented
Rhabdovirus

virion-associated polymerase
yes
Rhabdovirus

shape
bullet-shaped (helical)
Rhabdovirus
envelope
yes
Rhabdovirus

replicates in
cytoplasm
Rhabdovirus

major viruses
Rabies
Filovirus

genome
ss(-)RNA linear non-segmented
Filovirus
envelope
yes
Filovirus

shape
helical
Filovirus

multiplies in
the cytoplasm
Filovirus

major viruses
Marburg
Ebola
Orthomyxovirus

genome
ss(-) RNA linear *8 segments*
Orthomyxovirus

virion-associatd polymerase
yes
Orthomyxovirus

shape
helical
Orthomyxovirus

envelope
yes
Orthomyxovirus

multiples in
cytoplasm AND nucleus
Orthomyxovirus

major virus
influenza
Byunyavirus

genome
ss(-) RNA
linear----> circular
3 segments
ambisense
Byunyavirus

virion-associated polymerase
yes
Byunyavirus

envelope
yes
Byunyavirus
shape
helical
Byunyavirus
multiplies in
cytoplasm
Byunyavirus

major viruses
California encephalitis

La Crosse encephalitis

Hanta virus
a young patiet from New Mexico presents in the emergency room with acute respiratory distress and dies suddenly. Diagnosis?
Hanta Virus
Arenavirus

genome
ss(-) RNA
circular
2 segments
1 (-)sense
1 ambisense
Arenavirus

virion-associatd polymerase
yes
Arenavirus

envelope
yes
Arenavirus
shape
helical
Arenavirus

multiplies in
the cytoplasm
Arenavirus

major viruses
Lassa fever

lymphocytic chorio-menigitis
Histoplasma

geography
Eastern Great lakes

mississippi and missouri rivers

Ohio river
Coccidioides

geography
SW US (california)
Blastomyces

geography
Great lakes

Ohio and Mississippi rivers

*North and South Carolina*