Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
HBV
Hepadnavirus Yes DS – partial circular

Acute or chronic hepatitis
Vaccine available––use has increased tremendously
Not a retrovirus but has reverse transcriptase
HSV-1
Herpesviruses Yes DS – linear

oral (and some genital) lesions, keratoconjunctivitis
HSV-2
Herpesviruses Yes DS – linear

genital (and some oral) lesions
VZV
Herpesviruses Yes DS – linear

chickenpox, zoster, shingles
EBV
Herpesviruses Yes DS – linear

mononucleosis, Burkitt’s lymphoma
CMV
Herpesviruses Yes DS – linear

O
nfection in immunosuppressed patients, especially
transplant recipients; congenital defects
HHV-6
Herpesviruses Yes DS – linear

roseola (exanthem subitum)
HHV-8
Herpesviruses Yes DS – linear

Kaposi’s sarcoma–associated herpesvirus (KSHV)
Adenovirus
Adenovirus
No DS – linear

Febrile pharyngitis––sore throat
Pneumonia
Conjunctivitis––“pink eye”
B19 virus
Parvovirus No linear (−) (smallest DNA virus)

B19 virus––aplastic crises in sickle cell disease, “slapped cheeks” rash––erythema infectiosum (fifth disease), hydrops fetalis)
HPV
Papovavirus No DS – circular

warts, CIN, cervical cancer
JC
Papovavirus No DS – circular

progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in HIV
Smallpox
Poxvirus Yes DS – linear largest DNA
Vaccinia
Poxvirus Yes DS – linear largest DNA

cowpox (“milkmaid’s blisters”)
Molluscum contagiosum
Poxvirus Yes DS – linear largest DNA
Poliovirus
Picornaviruses No SS +linear Icosahedral

polio-Salk/Sabin vaccines––
IPV/OPV
Echovirus
Picornaviruses No SS +linear Icosahedral

aseptic meningitis
Rhinovirus
Picornaviruses No SS +linear Icosahedral

common cold
Coxsackievirus
Picornaviruses No SS +linear Icosahedral

aseptic meningitis
herpangina––febrile pharyngitis
hand, foot, and mouth disease
myocarditis
HAV
Picornaviruses No SS +linear Icosahedral

acute viral hepatitis
HEV
Caliciviruses No SS +linear Icosahedral
Norwalk virus
Caliciviruses No SS +linear Icosahedral

viral gastroenteritis
Reovirus
Reoviruses No DS linear segmented, Double Icosahedral

Colorado tick fever
Rotavirus
Reoviruses No DS linear segmented, Double Icosahedral

#1 cause of fatal diarrhea in children
HCV
Flaviviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
Yellow fever
Flaviviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
Dengue
Flaviviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
St. Louis encephalitis
Flaviviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
West Nile virus
Flaviviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
Rubella (German measles)
Togaviruses Yes SS +linear IcosahedralN
Eastern equine encephalitis
Togaviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
Western equine encephalitis
Togaviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
HIV
Retroviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
HTLV
Retroviruses Yes SS +linear Icosahedral
Influenza virus
Orthomyxoviruses, Yes, SS −linear segmented, Helical
Parainfluenza
Paramyxoviruses Yes SS −linear Helical

croup
RSV
Paramyxoviruses Yes SS −linear Helical

bronchiolitis in babies; Rx––ribavirin
Measles
Paramyxoviruses Yes SS −linear Helical
Mumps
Paramyxoviruses Yes SS −linear Helical
Rabies
Rhabdoviruses Yes SS −linear Helical
Ebola/Marburg hemorrhagic fever––often fatal!
Filoviruses Yes SS −linear Helical
Coronavirus
Coronaviruses Yes SS +linear Helical

“common cold” and SARS
LCV
Arenaviruses Yes SS −circular Helical

lymphocytic choriomeningitis
Meningitis
Arenaviruses Yes SS −circular Helical

spread by mice
California encephalitis
Bunyaviruses Yes SS −circular Helical
Sandfly/Rift Valley fevers
Bunyaviruses Yes SS −circular Helical
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
Bunyaviruses Yes SS −circular Helical
Hantavirus
Bunyaviruses Yes SS −circular Helical

hemorrhagic fever, pneumonia
HDV
Deltavirus Yes SS −circular Helical