Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/120

Click to flip

120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the main diseases for Paramyxoviridae
Parainfluenza Type 1-4
Newcastle disease virus (NDV; Avian PMV-1) – zoonotic & reportable
Canine distemper virus(CDV)
Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BoRSV)
What are the main diseases for Coronaviridae
Feline Enteric Corona (FECV)
Feline Infectious peritonitis (FIPV) Transmissable Gastroenteritis (TGEV)
Bovine Corona Virus (BCV)
Infectious Bronchitis (IBV)
What are the main diseases for arterivirus
EVAV, PRRSV
What are the main diseases for Bunyaviridae
Cache Valley virus – zoonotic
What are the main diseases for Togaviridae
EEEV (90%), VEEV (50-80%), WEEV (20-40%)
Reportable & zoonotic
What are the main diseases for Flaviviridae
Bovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease virus (BVDV)
Hog cholera virus
(HCV) - reportable
West Nile virus – zoonotic
What are the main diseases for Reoviridae
Bluetongue (BT) – reportable
African horse sickness (AHSV) – reportable
Rotavirus (Group A)
What are the main diseases for Birnaviridae
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV, Gumboro disease)
What are the main diseases for Picornaviridae
Foot-and-Mouth disease virus (FMDV) – reportable
Swine vesicular disease virus
(SVDV) – zoonotic & report.
Equine rhinovirus
Bovine rhinovirus
What are the main diseases for Caliciviridae
Feline calicivirus (FCV)
Vesicular exanthema of swine (VES) - reportable
What type of genome does Paramyxoviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
(-)
What type of genome does Coronaviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
(+)
What type of genome does Arterivirus have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
(+)
What type of genome does Bunyaviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
Segmented
(-)
What type of genome does Togaviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
(+)
What type of genome does Flavaviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
(+)
What type of genome does Reoviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
dsRNA
What type of genome does Birniviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
dsRNA
What type of genome does Picornaviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
+
What type of genome does Calliciviridae have, and is it (+) or (-) sense
ssRNA
(+)
Is the genome for Parmyxoviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
labile
Is the genome for Coronaviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
acid stabile
Is the genome for Arterivirus stable or labile, and under what conditions
labile
Is the genome for Bunyaviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
acid labile,
stable in protein
Is the genome for Togaviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
labile
Is the genome for Flaviviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
labile
Is the genome for Reoviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
Rotovirus – pH stable &
Orbivirus – pH labile but stable 6-8
Is the genome for Birnaviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
heat & pH (3-9)stable
Is the genome for Picornaviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
stable
Is the genome for Caliciviridae stable or labile, and under what conditions
stable
Is Paramyxoviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
YES
(plasma membrane)
Is Coronaviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
YES
(RER and/or Golgi)
Is Arterivirus enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
YES
(internal organelles)
Is Bunyaviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
YES
(Golgi
Is Togaviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
YES
(cytoplasmic vesicles)
Is Flavaviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
YES
(RER)
Is Reoviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
No
Is Birnaviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
No
Is Picornaviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
NO
Is Caliciviradae enveloped and if so where does the envelope come from
No
Is paramyxoviridae small medium or large
Large
Is Coronaviridae small medium or large
Medium
Is Arteriviridae small medium or large
Medium
Is Togaviridae small medium or large
Medium
Is Bunyaviridae small medium or large
Med
Is Flavaviridae small medium or large
Small
Is Reoviridae small medium or large
Medium
Is Birnaviridae small medium or large
Medium
Is Picornaviridae small medium or large
small
Is Caliciviridae small medium or large
small
What is the capsid morphology of Parmyxoviridae
“herringbone” helical
(pleomorphic spherical or filamentous virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Coronaviridae
Helical
(pleomorphic spherical virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Arteriviridae
Icosahedral
(spherical virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Bunyaviridae
Helical (spherical virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Togaviridae
Icosahedral (spherical virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Flaviviridae
Icosahedral
(spherical virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Reoviridae
2 concentric capsids
I = icosahedral
O = spherical
What is the capsid morphology of Birnaviridae
(icosahedral virion)
What is the capsid morphology of picornaviridae
icosahedral to spherical virion
What is the capsid morphology of Caliciviridae
icosahedral to spherical virion
What is the mode of entrance for Paramyxoviridae
Fusion
(F protein)
What is the mode of entrance for Coronaviridae
Fusion
(S protein) &
RM endocytosis
What is the mode of entrance for Arterivirus
RM endocytosis
What is the mode of entrance for Bunyaviridae
Fusion
What is the mode of entrance for Togaviridae
RM endocytosis
What is the mode of entrance for Flaviviridae
RM endocytosis
What is the mode of entrance for Reoviridae
RM endocytosis
What is the mode of entrance for Birnaviridae
RM endocytosis
What is the mode of entrance for Picornaviridae
RM endocytosis
What is the mode of entrance for Caliciviridae
Endocytosis
What is the cell tropism for paramyxoviridae
Respiratory epithelium
GI epithelium
Neurons-CDV & NDV
What is the cell tropism for Coronaviridae
Repiratory epithelium
GI epithelium
Other organs
CNS infection (via nerve tract migration)
What is the cell tropism for Arterivirus
Macrophages
What is the cell tropism for Bunyaviridae
Varies w/ genera
What is the cell tropism for Togaviridae
Neurons
What is the cell tropism for Flaviviridae
BVDV = lymphoid tissue & mucosal epith.
Hog cholera = reticulo-endothelial system & endothelial cells
What is the cell tropism for Reoviridae
Mucosal epithelium, lymphocytes, neurons
What is the cell tropism for Birnaviridae
BDV – pre-B lympho-cytes (Bursa) & ?Macrophages?
What is the cell tropism for Picornaviridae
Epithelial cells
Host proteases (post-translational)
What is the cell tropism for caliciviridae
Mucosal epithelium
How does paramyxoviridae exit the cell
Budding PM & Syncytia formation
How does Coronaviridae exit the cell
Exocytosis (fusion of cytoplasmic vesicles) & Syncytia formation
How does Arterivirus exit the cell
Bud (cytoplasmic organelles) or Cytolysis
How does Bunyaviridae exit the cell
Exocytosis
Cytolysis
How does Togaviridae exit the cell
Bud into cytoplasmic vesicles - cytolysis
How does Flaviviridae exit the cell
Cytolysis & Exocytosis (bud from RER)
How does Reoviridae exit the cell
Cytolysis
How does Birnaviridae exit the cell
Cytolysis
How does Picornaviridae exit the cell
Cytolysis
How does Caliciviridae exit the cell
Cytolysis
What is the incubation period for Paramyxoviridae
Short
(< 2 weeks
What is the incubation period for Coronaviridae
Short
(1 day –
1 week)
What is the incubation period for Arterivirus
Short
(< 1 week)
What is the incubation period for Bunyaviridae
????
What is the incubation period for Flaviviridae
Short
(< 1 week)
What is the incubation period for Togaviridae
Short
(< 1 week)
What is the incubation period for Reoviridae
Short
(< 1 week)
What is the incubation period for Birnaviridae
Short
(< 1 week)
2-3d IBDV
What is the incubation period for Picornaviridae
Short
(< 1 week)
What is the incubation period for Caliciviridae
Short(< 1 week)
How may paramyxoviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal – respiratory &
O/F (NDV & CDV)
Vertical – transovarian (NDV)
How may Coronaviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal only
(respiratory & O/F)
How may Arterivirus be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal (respiratory, fetuses) & Vertical (transplacental & semen)
How may Bunyaviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal (mosquito) & Vertical (transplacental)
How may Togaviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal (mosquito) & Vertical
How may Flaviviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal (O/F, urogenital, mosquito) & Vertical (transplacental & semen)
How may Reoviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal & Vertical
AHSV = horiz. only
How may Birnaviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal (O/F) & Vertical (in ova – minor)
How may Picornaviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal
FMDV – respiratory, milk/contaminated feed, insemination, iatrogenic
SVDV – skin abrasions, O/F
How may Caliciviridae be transmitted (i.e. horizontally, vertically, etc.)
Horizontal (respiratory & oral)
Where are the inclusion bodies for paramyxoviridae located in the host cell
Cytoplasmic

CDV- cytoplasmic & nuclear
Where are the inclusion bodies for Reoviridae located in the host cell
+/- cytoplasmic
Where are the inclusion bodies for Caliciviridae located in the host cell
Cytoplasm
What are the three families of virus that may have inclusion bodies
Paramyxoviridae<br />Reoviridae<br />Caliciviridae
Which family of virus may undergo intramolecular recombination
Picornaviridae
How many segments of RNA does Birnaviridae have
2
Which family may also be known as - Respiratory enteric orphan virus
Reoviridae
Which 3 families may be arthropod borne
Togaviridae
Flaviviridae
Bunyaviridae
Which family of virus are known for causing abortion
arterivirus
Which family of virus are known for causing fetal and embryonic death
Flaviviridae