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124 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which are examples of a primary source document?
Diaries and letters
Architecture and cornerstones
interviews
Photographs and speeches
What are examples of secondary research sources?
Encyclopedias and textbooks
Newspapers and biographies
Computer databases and atlases
What is a primary source that historians could most likely use to learn about Jamestown?
John Smith’s diary
If a person read the original diary of an explorer, which type of research would the diary be considered?
Primary source
If a student read a biography of John Smith to learn about Jamestown, which type of research would the biography be considered?
Secondary source
If a person uses an encyclopedia to learn about the charters of the Virginia Company of London, the encyclopedia would be considered -
a secondary source.
Patrick Henry’s “give me liberty or give me death” speech is considered a -
primary source.
Why was the First Charter of the Virginia Company of London important?
It was granted by the King of England to give the right to establish English settlements.
Why did the Virginia Company of London establish the Virginia colony?
To increase England’s wealth and power
How did the result of the French and Indian War affect the English colonists?
Colonists were forced to pay new taxes.
What did Christopher Newport and John Smith have in common?
Each contributed to the establishment of an English colony in the New World.
Why was the Virginia House of Burgesses important?
It was the foundation of American democracy.
How did the success of tobacco impact the arrival of African people in Jamestown?
The settlers needed help from the Africans to keep up with the demand for tobacco.
How did the slaves impact the success of the cash crop of tobacco?
The English settlers became dependent on the slaves to plant and harvest tobacco.
How did English women help the men in Jamestown?
They cooked meals, sewed clothes, and cared for the sick.
Why did the English women want to come to Jamestown?
To have more freedom and to get married
Why was John Smith important to the Jamestown settlement?
He provided leadership and worked with the Powhatan Indians.
In the Coastal Plain Region, what natural resource helped the Jamestown farmers?
Rich soil
Why did the relationship between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatan Indians become strained?
The Powhatans saw the Jamestown settlers as invaders, as they took over Indian land.
What did the government of the Virginia Colony and the government of ancient Rome have in common?
They both used representative democracy.
What did the Virginia House of Burgesses have in common with today’s Virginia General Assembly?
Both acted on all tax laws and made other laws.
Which is the correct sequence for the locations of the capital cities of Virginia?
Jamestown - Williamsburg - Richmond
What was a major reason for English colonization in North America?
They wanted to increase their wealth and power.
Where and when was the first permanent English settlement established in North America?
Jamestown, Virginia, 1607
What natural resources did England hope to find in North America?
Silver and Gold
What was one of the economic reasons England wanted to establish settlements in North America?
To establish new markets for trade
Which group of people financed the settlement of Jamestown?
Virginia Company of London
Who was credited with the exploration of the Jamestown site?
Christopher Newport
In 1607, what settlement was located on a narrow peninsula bordered by the James River?
Jamestown
In what year did the three ships (the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery) reach the Virginia coast near Cape Henry?
1607
Which explorer was credited with the landing at Jamestown?
Captain Christopher Newport
Which was a reason for English colonization in North America?
To establish colonies which would increase England's wealth and power.
What was a reason for English colonization in America?
To establish an American settlement that would furnish additional natural resources
Who became a strong leader and was credited with the survival of the first permanent English settlement at Jamestown?
Captain John Smith
Why did England and the Virginia Colony depend on each other’s products?
England depended on the natural resources from Virginia, and Virginia depended on imported capital resources from England.
How did the Virginia Company of London contribute to the development of colonial life in Virginia?
They sent settlers to Virginia for economic opportunities.
They established the Virginia Colony to increase England’s wealth and power.
Why did the Virginia Company of London establish the Virginia Colony?
They hoped to find a source of gold, silver, and other natural resources.
Who issued a charter to form the Virginia Company of London?
King James I
How many charters were written before the Virginia Company of London was dissolved?
3
Today the oldest representative legislative body in the Western Hemisphere is the -
General Assembly of Virginia.
An important step in the foundation of American democracy was the Virginia House of Burgesses because -
it was the first elected legislative body in North America.
In the 1600s, which was a requirement to be elected to serve in the House of Burgesses?
Only English men were considered citizens.
When did the first African men arrive at the Jamestown settlement?
1619
A few documents indicate that some of the African men brought to Jamestown had been baptized as Christians and therefore were able to work as ______.
indentured servants
Other African men who were brought to Jamestown were considered as slaves because they did not have ______.
Papers of Indenture
What was the purpose of having Papers of Indenture?
It was a contract to work for 5-7 years to pay for the ship’s voyage to Jamestown.
Which term describes a crop that is grown to sell for money rather than to be used by the growers?
Cash Crop
What was the cash crop of Jamestown?
Tobacco
During which year did the first English women arrive in Jamestown?
1620
Why were the English women sent to the Jamestown settlement?
To marry and establish families
Why were some people from England considered indentured servants?
They repaid the Virginia Company of London for their voyage by agreeing to work five to seven years.
Who introduced a better tasting tobacco to the people of England?
John Rolfe
How did tobacco farming contribute to the development of colonial Virginia?
The demand for the better tasting tobacco gave Virginia its first and most important cash crop.
How did English women contribute to the development of colonial Virginia?
Women increased the quality of life for the men by cooking better meals, sewing clothes, and taking care of the sick.
How did the African people contribute to the development of colonial Virginia?
In 1619, a Dutch ship arrived carrying 20 African men who provided cheap labor in the tobacco fields.
What were the hardships that the Jamestown settlers faced?
The site was marshy and lacked safe drinking water.
The English settlers lacked the skills necessary to survive there.
What was a hardship that the Jamestown settlers faced?
The English settlers died of starvation and disease.
Who was the English captain whose strong leadership skills helped the Jamestown settlement survive?
John Smith
What changes helped the original Jamestown settlers survive?
The arrival of two English supply ships
The emphasis on self-sustaining agriculture
How did the American Indians (First Americans) help the Jamestown settlers during 1607-1609?
The Powhatan Indians provided corn for the starving settlers.
How did the Jamestown settlers use Virginia’s natural resources?
The settlers farmed the rich soil to plant crops.
What hardship did the Jamestown settlers initially face?
The site they chose was marshy.
What changes took place to ensure survival at Jamestown settlement?
The strong leadership of Captain John Smith ensured survival of the settlers.
Which group of American Indians (First Americans) helped the settlers of Jamestown survive?
Powhatan
What goods were traded from the American Indians (First Americans) to the English settlers?
Fur
What goods were traded from the English settlers to the American Indians (First Americans)?
Lead cooking pots
Who was the daughter of Chief Powhatan?
Pocahontas
Which two Virginia crops did the Powhatan Indians introduce to the Jamestown settlers?
Corn and Tobacco
Why did the relationship between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatans change?
The Powhatan people realized the Jamestown settlement would grow.
Who started trading relationships with the Powhatans?
Captain John Smith
What products did the English settlers trade with the Powhatans?
Metal tools, cooking pots, and weapons
What major agricultural product of the Virginia Colony depended on a reliable and inexpensive source of labor?
Tobacco
Who did Chief Powhatan send on behalf of his tribe to meet the Jamestown settlers?
Pocahontas
A crop that is grown to sell to make money is a -
cash crop.
The primary source of wealth in the Virginia Colony was -
agriculture.
What term best describes the beliefs, customs, and architecture of people living in different areas?
Cultural Landscape
Which of the following are examples of cultural landscapes?
Barns, homes, other buildings
In the early 1600s, which group of people settled primarily in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions?
English
In the early 1600s, which group of people settled primarily in the Shenandoah Valley?
Germans and Scotch-Irish
In the early 1600s, which group of people settled primarily in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions due to the increase in agriculture?
Africans
In the 1600s, the African people settled in which geographic region(s) of Virginia?
Primarily in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions
In the 1600s, how did the English culture influence the Virginia colonists?
Religion, language, architecture, and fashion of England were part of the Virginia colony.
Why did thousands of people travel to North America from England in the 1600s?
To seek religious freedom and search for wealth.
How did the German and Scotch-Irish
settlers contribute to the development of colonial Virginia?
They farmed the area west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and grew wheat and other grains as their main crops.
The city of Richmond originally reflected the culture of which group of people?
English
The city of Roanoke originally reflected the culture of which group of people?
American Indians (First Americans)
What effect did agriculture have on the Virginia Colony?
It was the primary source of wealth.
What factor was needed for the successful planting of tobacco at the Virginia Colony?
A reliable and inexpensive source of labor
Why were African people brought to the Virginia Colony to work as slaves on the plantations?
The economy depended on agriculture as a primary source of wealth.
What term describes a crop that is grown to sell for money, rather than used by the farmer?
Cash crop
In colonial times, what was a highly valued barter item that was frequently used as money?
Tobacco
What term describes a medium of exchange using coins and paper bills?
Money
What term describes the trading or exchanging of goods and services without the use of money?
Bartering
What term describes buying a good or service now and paying for it later?
Credit
What term describes a good or service owed to another person or business?
Debt
What term describes money put away to spend at a later time?
Saving
During the early 1600s, which people in the Virginia Colony had the coins and paper bills to buy goods and services?
Very few people
In the Virginia Colony, what system was commonly used for the colonists to exchange goods and services?
Bartering
In the Virginia Colony, what crop was used as money to exchange for goods and services?
Tobacco
What economic term describes the activities that satisfy people’s needs and wants?
Services
What economic term describes touchable things, or products, that people make or use to satisfy needs and wants?
Goods
Which best describes the free enterprise system, which the English colonists began to follow by the mid-1700s.
Men could start a business, decide what to make, how much to produce, and what price to charge.
In colonial times, when could consumers, who bought goods from merchants and shopkeepers on credit during the winter, pay their debts?
When the crops were harvested in the spring, summer, or fall seasons
What did the colonists have to import from England?
Metal tools, cooking pots, and weapons
Which are examples of natural resources?
Water, soil, wood, and coal
What three factors were considered for the location of the first permanent English settlement?
Defense from Spanish attacks
Deep harbor
Fresh drinking water
Which three ships sailed to America in1607 to begin the first permanent English settlement?
The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery
In the 1600s, the English settlers established their first settlement near the mouth of which river?
James River
Jamestown is located in the same geographic region as -
the Eastern Shore.
What was the importance of the First Charter of the Virginia Company of London?
It authorized the establishment of colonies in North America.
What was the purpose of the Second Charter of the Virginia Company of London?
The charter allowed for a representative form of government in North America.
What was the reason for establishing of the Third Charter of the Virginia Company of London?
The charter extended English rights to the English settlers living in Virginia.
Which of the following was a hardship that the Jamestown settlers faced?
The site was marshy and lacked safe drinking wate
Which of the following were hardships that the Jamestown settlers faced?
The site was marshy and lacked safe drinking water.The English settlers lacked the skills necessary to survive there.
Who was the English captain whose strong leadership skills helped the Jamestown settlement survive?
Captain John Smith
Which of the following changes helped the original Jamestown settlers survive?
The arrival of two English supply ships
Which of the following helped the Jamestown settlers survive?
The emphasis on self-sustaining agriculture
What changes took place to ensure survival at Jamestown settlement?
The strong leadership of Captain John Smith ensured survival of the settlers.
What goods were traded from the American Indians (First Americans) to the English settlers?
Fur, corn
What goods were traded from the English settlers to the American Indians (First Americans)?
Metal tools, cooking pots, and weapons
Who did Chief Powhatan send on behalf
of his tribe to meet the Jamestown settlers?
his daughter, Pocahontas
Why did the relationship between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatans change?
The Powhatan people realized the Jamestown settlement would grow.
Which two Virginia crops did the Powhatan Indians introduce to the Jamestown settlers?
Corn and Tobacco
Who was the daughter of Chief Powhatan?
Pocahontas