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90 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Original arrowheads, pottery, and tools found by archeologists are called -
secondary sources.
Which are the best examples of artifacts?
Arrowheads, pottery, tools
How did the climate in Virginia affect the American Indians?
The food they ate and the clothes they wore changed with the seasons.
What caused many of the men at Jamestown to die by the end of the first summer?
The swamp land bred mosquitoes, which carried diseases.
Dirty living conditions and contaminated drinking water caused the Jamestown settlers to take what action?
They decided to move the capitol to Williamsburg.
vWhat land feature made westward movement difficult for Virginians?
Appalachian Mountains
How does the geography of the Coastal Plain Region affect its industry?
There are rivers, an ocean, and a bay which make shipbuilding, seafood products, and tourism profitable.
Why was the Jamestown site a poor choice to begin an English settlement?
It was low and swampy, making it a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
What was an important geographic factor in deciding the location of the capitol for the first permanent English settlement?
The James River flowed into the Chesapeake Bay and out to the Atlantic Ocean.
Why was the capital city moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
Williamsburg was on a higher elevation and it was harder for the Spanish to attack.
Why was the capital city moved from Williamsburg to Richmond?
Richmond was better for trade and more centrally located.
As Virginians began to move to the West and South, how did they influence the new settlements?
They took their traditions and cultures with them.
Then and now, ships must pass between which two capes to travel into the Chesapeake Bay?
Cape Charles and Cape Henry
The Iroquoian language was spoken primarily in an area near what present-day state?
North Carolina
How are artifacts used today?
To learn how people lived long ago
The capitol of Virginia moved several times. Which is the correct order of capitol locations?
Jamestown
Williamsburg
Richmond
Which geographic region is located between the Coastal Plain and Blue Ridge Mountain Regions?
Piedmont
What do the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Valley and Ridge Regions have in common?
They are both part of the Appalachian Mountain system
How do the Coastal Plain and Piedmont Regions of Virginia differ?
The Coastal Plain is flat land and the Piedmont is hilly.
How are the James, York, Potomac, and Rappahannock Rivers alike?
They all flow directly into the Chesapeake Bay.
What river is between the Potomac and the York Rivers?
Rappahannock River
What river is between the James and the Rappahannock Rivers?
York River
Why was the Cumberland Gap important to people moving to the West?
It was a passageway through the Appalachian Mountains.
What term describes connections between two places, such as next to, near, and bordering?
Relative Location
Which large bodies of water border Virginia?
Chesapeake Bay, Atlantic Ocean
What best describes relative location?
Using terms that show the connections between two places such as next to, near, and bordering
Which states border Virginia?
North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Maryland
How many states border Virginia?
5
Virginia is divided into how many geographic regions?
5
Describing the location of the Chesapeake Bay between the Coastal Plain and the Eastern Shore is an example of using -
relative location.
While swimming off the coast of Virginia Beach, a person would be in the -
Atlantic Ocean.
Which term describes the natural border between the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions?
Fall Line
Which of the following describes the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Region?
Flat land, near Atlantic Ocean
Which of the following describes the Piedmont Region?
Rolling hills, west of the Fall Line
Which of the following describes the Blue Ridge Region of Virginia?
Mountains
Which geographic region is between the Valley and Ridge and the Piedmont Regions?
Blue Ridge
Which of the following describes the Valley and Ridge Region?
Great Valley, west of Blue Ridge Mountains
Which of the following describes the Appalachian Plateau?
Southwest Virginia, elevated flat land
Which term describes an area of elevated land that is flat on top?
Plateau
Which natural border is between the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions, where waterfalls prevent further travel up the river?
Fall Line
Which are the geographic characteristics of the Valley and Ridge Region?
It includes the Great Valley and is located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
What are the geographic characteristics of the Blue Ridge Mountain Region?
It has old rounded mountains and is located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge Regions.
What are the geographic characteristics of the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Region?
It has flat lands, is located near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay.
What are the geographic characteristics of the Piedmont Region?
It has rolling hills and is located west of the Fall Line.
What best describes the land features of the Appalachian Plateau of Virginia?
It has elevated flat lands with coal deposits.
What geographic term describes the area of elevated land that is flat on top?
Plateau
Which are the five geographic regions of Virginia?
Coastal Plain, Piedmont, Blue Ridge Mountain, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau
Where is the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Region located?
East of the Fall Line, near the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean
What best describes the land of the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Region?
Flat land located near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay
Where is the Piedmont Region located?
West of the Fall Line, between the Coastal Plain Region and Blue Ridge Mountains
The Fall Line is located between which two geographic regions of Virginia?
The Coastal Plain and the Piedmont Regions
Why did cities in Virginia develop along the Fall Line?
The waterfalls and rocks at the Fall Line stopped ships from traveling further up the rivers.
Which geographic region is located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains?
The Valley and Ridge Region
The Eastern Shore is part of which geographic region of Virginia?
Coastal Plain Region
Which geographic region of Virginia has elevated old, rounded land features and is the source of many rivers?
Blue Ridge Mountain Region
Which term describes a piece of land bordered by water on three sides?
Peninsula
Which waterway was important to the European explorers which led to the exploration of Virginia?
Atlantic Ocean
Which of the following was the large waterway that provided a safe harbor for the first settlers of Virginia?
Chesapeake Bay
Which of the following is the waterway where Jamestown and Richmond are located?
James River
Which of the following is the waterway where Yorktown is located?
York River
The Fall Line is located between which two geographic regions of Virginia?
The Coastal Plain and the Piedmont Regions
Which geographic region is located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains?
The Valley and Ridge Region
An area of land that is elevated and flat on top is called a -
plateau.
The Eastern Shore is part of which geographic region of Virginia?
Coastal Plain Region
Which geographic region of Virginia has elevated old, rounded land features and is the source of many rivers?
Blue Ridge Mountain Region
Which term describes a piece of land bordered by water on three sides?
Peninsula
Which waterway was important to the European explorers which led to the exploration of Virginia?
Atlantic Ocean
Which of the following was the large waterway that provided a safe harbor for the first settlers of Virginia?
Chesapeake Bay
Which of the following is the waterway where Alexandria is located?
Potomac River
Which of the following is the waterway where Fredericksburg is located?
Rappahannock River
Which waterway is between the Potomac River and the York River?
Rappahannock River
Which waterway is between the James River and the Rappahannock River?
York River
Which area of Virginia is a peninsula bordered by the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean?
Eastern Shore
Why were waterways of Virginia important to the early settlers of Jamestown?
The waterways provided food and transportation.
The city of Yorktown was established along which river?
York River
In the early 1600s, cities along the east coast of the New World began developing in areas that had access to which ocean?
Atlantic Ocean
In the early 1600s, cities in Virginia began developing around the mouth of which bay because it provided a safe harbor and a source of food and transportation?
Chesapeake Bay
The city of Richmond was established along which river?
James River
What are the water features of the Chesapeake Bay?
Good harbors and fishing
What are water features of the James River?
Flows into the Chesapeake Bay and has good harbors
Which two cities are located along the James River?
Richmond and Jamestown
Which best describes the water features of the York River?
Good harbors, a source of food, and flows into the Chesapeake Bay
Which city is located along the York River?
Yorktown
Which best describes the water features of the Potomac River?
Good harbors, a source of food, and flows into the Chesapeake Bay
Which city is located along the Potomac River?
Alexandria
What feature of Virginia played an important part in developing the first permanent English settlement in America?
The James River
Which group of American Indians (First Americans) lived primarily in the Piedmont Region of Virginia?
Monacan
Which group of American Indians (First Americans) lived primarily in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Region of Virginia?
Powhatan
Which American Indians (First Americans) lived primarily in the Appalachian Plateau of Virginia and were part of the Iroquoian language group?
Cherokee
Why were the first people of America called Indians?
Christopher Columbus thought he was in the East Indies (near China).