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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Does the Vietnamese language have tones and marks? Why?
Yes it does. The tones and marks play an important role in word distinction.

Example:
bàn: table
bán: to sell
bạn: friend
Does the Vietnamese language have verbal conjugations?
No. It doesn't have verbal conjugations, no change of form of verbs, adjectives, nouns, etc. EX: A sentence like "Tôi làm" (I work) has the verb "work" (to work); when you want to say "work" in the past tense, in English, you will add "ed" after the verb: "work" --> "worked", or you will use the form of an irregular verb: go --> went. HOWEVER, in Vietnamese, the verb never changes its form. Instead, you will put an auxiliary verb just before the main verb. "Tôi làm" (I work) --> "Tôi đã làm" (I worked). The word "đã" has no explicit meaning, it just indicates the past time.
What is the basic word order in the Vietnamese language.
Subject-Verb-Object

Example:
Tôi ăn cơm.
I-eat-rice.
Vietnamese has many words for a personal pronoun. What person is usually referred to in the following "you's"?
1) Anh
2) Chị
3) Cô
4) Ông
5) Bà
If you put these words before a name, they will become ____, ____, and ____.
1) a young man
2) a young woman
3) a young lady
4) an old man
5) an old woman

Mr., Ms., Mrs.
Nam: Chào chị.

What did Nam say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
Hello.

Literally:
Hello-you(miss)
Mai: Chào anh. Rất vui được gặp anh.

What did Mai say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
Hello. Nice to meet you.

Literally:
Hello-you(mister). Very-happy-can-meet-you(mister).
Nam: Rất hân hạnh gặp chị. Chị tên là gì?

What did Nam say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
Very pleased to meet you. What is your name?

Literally:
Very-pleased-meet-you(miss). You(miss)-name-to be-what?
Mai: Tôi tên là Mai.

What did Mai say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
My name is Mai.

Literally:
I-name-to be-Mai.
Nam: Tôi là Nam.

What did Nam say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
I am Nam.

Literally:
I-to be-Nam.
What is the yes/no structure?
Look at this sentence: "Anh có khoẻ không" (How are you?), This structure is: You + có + to be fine + không + ? The interrogative structure "có ... không ?" is used to form a tota l question. What is a total question? It's a question to which you will answer "Yes" or "No" for the whole information. In between "có" and "không" can be a verb, an adjective: Anh có gặp anh Nam không? (Do you meet Mr. Nam?) Chị có vui không? (Are you happy?)