Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Harry Truman (1945-1953)
Gave aid to the French.
Eisenhower
Paid 75% of the bill as french fought vietminh. Gave 700 advisors to South VIetnam. Placed anti-communist diem into power
Kennedy
Increased advisors in south vietnam to 16,000. He no longer supported Diem.
He was assasinated
Johnson
Increased aid in South Vietnam. President when the Gulf of Tokin happened.
Nixon
He pulled US troops out of Vietnam through Vietnamization. Tried to use the Madman Theory
Domino Theory
If Vietnam goes communist, South East Asia will follow
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
French was defeated in this battle (1954)
Geneva Conference
It was headed by Great Britian and the USSR. It said that Vietnam would temporarily be split at the 17th parallel. US rejected.
Ho chi Minh
"He who enlightens"
Leader of Vietminh
Vietcong
NLF
Rebel group communist
Gulf of Tonkin
2 US ships were attacked
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
This allowed the president to use any force necessary to repel any enemy aggression
Robert MacNamara
Johnson's defence decretary
Operation Rolling Thunder
This was under Johnson
We bombed military installations throughout north vietnam and into Laos and the Ho Chi Minh Trail
Pacification
Clear out and destroy villaged, detain residents in order to get enemy
Tet Offensive
Massice North Vietnam attacks on all of South Vietnam's major cities. Also on the US embassy in Saigon.
How was the Tet Offenceive a victory and a defeat?
Militarily it was a victory.
It hurt confidence in USE
Walter Cronkite
Highly influencial News Reporter who questioned US policy in Vietnam
William Westmorland
Head of the US military operations in Vietnam from 1964-1968.
Hawks and Doves
Pro-war, anti war
Henry Kissinger
National Security advisor and secretary of state under nixon
Vietnamization
Gradully turn over fighting to vietnam
Madman theory
convince enemy that nixon will use nukes so they will bargain
Pentagon Paper
Top secret government report on mistakes made in vietnam
My Lai Massacre
US commander convicted of ordering massacre of 100 civilians in South Vietnamese villages all over the country
Kent State shootingq
four student demonstrators killed, four wounded by troops at a college protest
War Powers Act
It repealed the Tonking Gulf REsolution restricting the president's ability to aommit troops in a foriegn engagement to sixty days
Le Duc Tho
North vietnamese peace negogiator
National Libiterian Front NLF
Vietcong South Vietnamese rebels
Army of the REpublic of Vietnam ARVN
South Vietnam armed forces
How many people were killed (US) in vietnam
58,000
What was the cost of the war?
150 000 000 000 000
January 31, 1968
The Tet Offensive date
November 15, 1968
Date: 250 000 ppl gathered for anti war protest in washington dc
January 27 1975
US/n vietnam cease fire agreements
April 30, 1975
War ends
January 27 1973 CORRECT
US and NORTH VIETNAM sign cease fire agreements
September 2, 1945
Vietnam war begins
1945
French defeated at Dien Bien Phu
June 16, 1963
Buddhist Monk sets himself on fire in Saigon
Aug 2 1964
Beginning of atage 3
Aug 4, 1664
Gulf of Tonkin Attack
Reasons why war was unpopular in US
The draft was evil, the pentagon papers cause distrust, ppl didn't like that there was no money for social programs
Reasons why we lost the war
Limited war-not aggressive enough, guerrilla warfare-home feild advantage could not recognize the enemy, lack of support at home, lack of reason for fighting, ineffective south vietnamese leadership