Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-lysis
breakdown

ex: Hemolysis
-itis
inflammation

ex: Cystitis
-megaly
enlargement


ex: splenomegaly
-rrhage
bursting forth or excessive flow

ex: hemorrhage
Can also be call hemorrhea
-rrhoea
flow or discharge

ex: diarrhoea, seborrhoea
-sclerosis
hardening

ex: arterial sclerosis, glomerular sclerosis
-stenosis
narrowing

ex: aortic stenosis, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
-algia
pain

ex: neuralgia
-dynia
pain

ex: Coccydynia
-coele
hernia

Ex: perineocele
-ectasia
dialation

ex: angiectasia
-plegia
paralysis

ex: neuroplegic
-ptosis
displacement

ex: Nephroptosis
-ptysis
spitting

ex: hemoptysis
-malacia
softening

ex: osteomalacia
-centesis
Puncture to remove

ex: Cystocentesis
-desis
fusion

ex: arthrodesis
-ectomy
excision

ex: coleoectomy
-stasis
stopping or controlling

ex: hemostasis
-stomy
new opening

ex: Gastrostomy
-otomy
process of cutting into

ex: Intercostal thoracotomy
-plasty
reshaping or reconstructing

ex: palatoplasty
-pexy
surgical fixation in one place

ex: Gastropexy
-rrhaphy
join by suture

ex: herneorrhaphy
-plication
plaiting or folding of a structure onto itself

ex: Fundoplication
Miosis
Constriction of the pupil
Petechiae
Small capillary hemorrahges (1-2mm diameter)
Ecchymoses
Larger capillary hemorrahges (3-23mm diameter)
Rhetic
Venular or arteriolar hemorrhage. (Ex: open wounds) Major bleeding.
Hematoma
Localised collection of blood confined by surrounding tissues.
Give four examples of body cavity hemorrhages.
1) Hemothorax
2) hemopericardium
3) hemoperitoneum
4) hemarthrosis
Hemorrhagic diathesis
Predisposition to bleeding, spontaneous or related to trivial trauma.
Chronotropy
Increased Heart Rate
Inotropy
Increased force of contraction
Dromotropy
Increased speed of conduction
Diapedesis
the passage of blood cells through the intact walls of the capillaries, typically accompanying inflammation.
Tamponade
compression of the heart by an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac.
Carcinoma
A malignant tumor of epithelial cells.
Dysplasia
Abnormality of development or formation.
Leukaemia
Malignant neoplasia of circulating and/or bone marrow white blood cells.
Lymphosarcoma
Malignant neoplasia of the lymphocytes in the organised lymphoid tissues (LN, spleen).
Senescence
Decline in cell viability and cell death associated with old age or immortalised cells.
Sarcoma
A malignant tumor of connective tissue cells
Cell Transformation
When a cell loses contact inhibition and anchorage dependence. (Not necessarily tumorgenic or immortalised)
Tumor
A solid cell mas formed within tissues by neoplasia and are not affected by regulatory processes.