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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
arteriogenesis
the formation of arteries (vascularization)
angiography
the radiographic visualization of blood vessels following the introduction of contrast media
angiogenesis
the formation of blood vessels in the embryo
vascular
having a copious blood supply
neovascularization
appearance of blood vessels into an area of previous ischemia
vasoactive
exerting an effect on the diameter of a blood vessel
vasoconstriction
decrease in the diameter of blood vessels
vasodilation
increase in the diameter of blood vessels, especially arterioles, leading to an increased blood supply to an area
vasospasm
constriction of blood vessels
arteriopathy
any disease of an artery
arteritis
inflammation of an artery
equine viral arteritis
a frequently fatal disease of horses caused by equine arteritis virus, affects primarily smaller arteries, with resultant hemorrhagic enteritis, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and pulmonary edema
vasculitis
inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
ateriosclerosis
hardening of a blood or lymph vessel
atherosclerosis
a condition in which yellow plaques, containing cholesterol and lipid materials are insinuated into the walls of arteries
arterionecrosis
death of the cells comprising an artery
arterioplasty
surgical repair or re-construction of an artery
cardiology
the science or study of the heart
cardiologist
a scientist who studies the heart and its functions
normal sinus rhythm
a regular rhythm of heartbeats at rest, determined by auscultation or palpating a peripheral pulse
normal sinus arrhythmia
an irregular but normal heart beat in an athletic animal that speeds up and slows down, often with inspiration and expiration respectively
pericardium
the connective tissue sac that houses the heart
atria
the two low pressure chambers of the heart that receive venous blood supply and pump it to the ventricles
ventricles
the two higher pressure chambers of the heart that are responsible for pumping blood to the lungs (right) and to the general circulation (left)
cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
electrocardiography
a recording of the electrical activity of the heart
cardiomyopathy
non-inflammatory disease of the heart muscle, there are several types. Etiologies can be species specific
taurine deficiency
an essential amino acid deficiency in cats linked to dilated cardiomyopathy
congestive heart failure
a condition in which the heart is failing as a pump
myocardial infarction
absent blood supply to the cardiac muscle leading to cell death
myocarditis
inflammation of the cardiac muscle
endocarditis
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart, including heart valves
cardiomegaly
abnormal enlargement of the heart, whether from hypertrophy or dilation
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to heart and lungs
cardiotoxin
an agent with poisonous or deleterious effects on the heart (Japanese yew)
exudative pericarditis
these terms literally refer to pus in the pericardial sac. One common etiology for this disease is so called "hardware disease" in cows
cardiac tamponade
acute compression of the heart caused by increased intrapericardial pressure due to collection of blood or fluid in the pericardium from rupture of the heart, penetrating trauma, or progressive diffusion
arteries
large vessels that carry blood away from the heart
veins
conduct blood towards the heart from the tissues
capillaries
carry nutrient rich, oxygenated blood from the arteries and arterioles to the body cells
arterioles
thinner than the arteries and carry the blood to the tiniest of the blood vessels, the capillaries
venae cavae
two large veins, blood flows through on its way from tissue capillaries to the heart
pulmonary artery
a vessel that divides in two: one branch leading to the left lung, the other to the right lung
What is unusual about pulmonary artery?
only artery in the body that carries blood deficient in oxygen
What is unusual about pulmonary veins?
only veins in the body that carry oxygen rich blood
pulmonary circulation
the circulation of blood through the vessels from the heart to the lungs and then back to the heart again
aorta
the single largest artery in the body, runs down the vertebral column, hearts pumps blood into
carotid arteries
supply blood to head and neck
atria
two upper chambers of the heart
ventricles
two lower chambers of the heart
cranial vena cava
drains blood from the upper portion of the body
caudal vena cava
carries blood from the lower part of the body
tricuspid valve
cusps of valve form a one way passage designed to keep the blood flowing in only one direction