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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Siderocytes are caused by:
lead poisoning
hemolytic anemia
dyserythropoiesis
meyloproliferative diseases
chloramphenicol
hydroxizine (dogs)
Nucleated RBCs are a normal finding under what conditions?
avian, reptile and amphibian species
regenerative anemia
pigs <3 weeks old
Nucleated RBCs are inappropriate under what conditions?
lead toxicity, iron deficiency, copper deficiency
hemangiosarcoma
damage to bone marrow
Howell-Jolly bodies are seen under what conditions?
splenectomy
chemotherapy
glucocorticoid use
regenerative response
Which stain should be used to visualize Heinz bodies?
New Methylene Blue
T/F Heinz bodies are a normal finding in cats (up to 5%)
True
What are some causes of Heinz bodies?
Diabetes mellitus (cats)
oxidative damage
lymphoma (cats)
hyperthyroidism (cats)
onion
kale (ruminants)
copper tox (sheep, goats)
What some causes of acanthocytes?
hepatopathy
hemangiosarcoma
Dacrocytes can be caused by:
iron deficiencies (camelids)
glomerulonephritis
myeloproliferative disorders
Eccentrocytes are caused by:
oxidative damage
Echinocytosis occurs under what conditions?
electrolyte imbalance
uremia
glomerulonephritis
neoplasia
Elliptocytes are caused by:
liver disease
iron deficiency
myelodysplasia
glomerulonephritis
portosystemic shunts
Keratocytes are caused by:
oxidative damage
iron deficiency
hepatopathy
What are some causes of leptocytosis?
portosystemic shunts
hepatopathy
iron deficiency
What causes formation of schistocytes?
passage through fibrin strands
turbulent blood flow
DIC
Spherocytes are caused by:
Immune mediated disease in dogs
Name some causes of stomatocytosis.
hereditary
hepatopathy
iron deficiency
What are some causes of target cell formation?
hepatopathy
iron deficiency
What is the normal shape of dog and cat RBCs?
discocyte
What is the normal RBC shape in pigs?
echinocyte (spiny)
What is the normal RBC shape in goats?
dacrocyte (teardrop)
What is the normal RBC shape in camelids?
elliptocyte (oval)
What is the normal RBC shape in deer?
drepanocyte (sickle shape)