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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Biped
animal with two feet
Invertebrata
does not have backbone or spine
Mitosis
process of cell division
Organic matter
animal and vegetable (living) matter
Organism
an individual form of life
Parturition
act of giving birth
Phalanges
plural of phalanx
Phalanx
any principal bone segment of the digits of vertebrates
Quadruped
animal having four feet
Striated
striped
Vertebrata
animal with a vertebral column or backbone
Osteology
the study of bone
Femur
upper bone in hind limb
Humerus
large bone of the forelimb, between the shoulder and the elbow
Sternum
Breast bone, bone on ventral chest
scapula
shoulder blade
axial skeleton
bones of the skull, vertebral column, ribs and sternum
appendicular skeleton
bones of the limbs
condyle
rounded projection
facet
small, smooth area
foramen
opening in bone
fossa
basinlike depression
meatus
passage or opening
process
any projection
sinus
cavity or channel
spine
sharp projection
suture
seam
mandible
movable portion of the skull; lower jaw
Vertebral formulas
# of each type of vertebra in different species
canine and feline
C-7, T-13, L-7, S-3, Cy-6 to 23
ungulates
animals with hooves
Clavicle
collarbone
Ulna
more lateral of the two bones distal to the elbow(next to the radius)
Radius
more medial bone of two bones distal to the elbow(next to the ulna)
Carpus
corresponds to wrist of human
Metacarpal
distal to carpal bone
Phalanges
bones of the digits
pelvis
girdle of bone encircling the caudal abdomen and providing attachment for the hind legs
femur
upper bone in hind limb
patella
bone over the stifle joint
tibia
more medial and larger of the two bones distal to the stifle joint
fibula
more lateral and smaller of the two bones distal to the stifle joint(next to the tibia)
tarsus
corresponding to the human ankle
metatarsals
bones distal to the tarsus
arthrology
the study of joints
flexion*
bending at a joint, as the elbow
extension*
straightening or unbending of a joint;this movement is the opposit of flexion
rotation*
movement that turns a body part on its own axis, such as the turning of the head
circumduction*
a movement describing a circle
arthritis
acute of chronic inflammation of one or more joints
bursitis
inflammation of bursa
chondroma
tumor of cartilage cell origin
desmitis
inflammation of a ligament
osteitis
inflammation of bone
osteoarthritis
degenerative joint disease affecting articular cartilage and the synovial membranes
osteochondritis
inflammation of cartilage of bone
osteoma
bone tissue tumor
osteomalacia
softening of bone
osteoporosis
abnormal loss of bone density
osteosarcoma
malignant bone tumor
synovitis
inflammation of the synovial membrane of a joint
tendonitis
inflammation of a tendon
myology
the study of muscle
azygous
not paired
bi-, tri-, quadri-
two, three and four
externus
external or outer
gracilis
slender
latissimus
wide
longissimus
long
longus
long
medius
intermediate
orbiculuris
surrounding
rectus
straight
mastication
process of grinding or chewing food
atrophy
wasting away of muscle tissue
myalgia
muscle pain or pain in the muscle
myoma
a tumor of muscular tissue
myopathy
any abnormal condition or disease of the muscular tissue
myositis
inflammation of voluntary muscle
tentany
spasms or abnormal contracture of muscle
sire
male parent
dam
female parent
tie
mating behavior of dogs during which the male's swollen penis is kept within the vagina by muscular spasm
bitch
female dog who has the ability to reproduce
whelping
giving birth to puppies
queen
female cat who has the ability to reproduce
gestation
length of time from conception to birth
queening
cat giving birth
tom
male cat
zoonotic
disease transmissible between animals and humans
adduction*
movement that draws a body part toward the mid-line of the body
abduction*
movement that draws a body part away from the mid-line of the body
cranium
portion of the skull en casing the brain
myosarcoma
a malignant tumor composed of muscular tissue