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67 Cards in this Set

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WHAT IS A HERNIATION?
WHEN THE DISCS RUPTURES AND GOES INTO THE SPINAL CORD--VERY PAINFUL!!!
WHAT IS A SLIPPED DISC?
A DISC THAT HAS BULGED INTO THE SPINAL CORD (NOT RUPTURED)
FACET JOINTS ARE FORMED BETWEEN _______ OF ADJACENT VERTEBRAE AND ALLOW FOR _____, _____,____ OF THE COLUMN
ARTICULAR PROCESSES
EXTENSION, FLEXION, AND ROTATION
ANTERIOR LONGITUDAL LIGAMENT
COVERS THE ANTERIOR SURFACE OF THE VERT. (ALONG BODIES) AND PREVENTS EXCESSIVE EXTENSION OF THE BACK)
ANTERIOR LONGITUDAL LIGAMENT
COVERS THE ANTERIOR SURFACE OF THE VERT. (ALONG BODIES) AND PREVENTS EXCESSIVE EXTENSION OF THE BACK)
POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT
FORMS ANTERIOR WALL OF THE VERTEBRAL COLOMN AND PREVENTS EXCESSIVE BACK FLEXION
SUPRASPINOUS LIGAMENT
CONNECTS THE TIPS OF THE SPINOUS PROCESSES AND PREVENTS TOO MUCH FLEXION
LIGAMENTA FLAVA
CONNECTS THE LAMINA (POSTERIOR LIG)
WHAT TWO LIGAMENTS CONNECT THE SACRUM AND ILLIAC?
POSTERIOR AND ANTERIOR SACROILIAC
SACROSPINOUS LIGAMENT
CREATES THE GREATER SCIATIC FORAMEN
AND CONNECTS THE SACRUM AND THE ILLIAC SPINE
SACROTUBEROUS LIGAMENT
CREATES THE LESSER SCIATIC FORAMEN
CONNECTS THE SACRUM AND TUBEROSITY
HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE THORACIC REGION?
12
INTERVERTEBRAL FORAMEN
HOLE BETWEEN TWO VERTEBRAE THAT THE SPINAL NERVES EMERGE FROM
KYPHOSIS
POSTIEROR CURVE (HUNCH BACK)
LORDOSIS
ANTERIOR CURVATURE
SWAYBACK
PRIMARY CURVES
PRESENT AT BIRTH AND BOTH ARE KYPHOSISES
SECONDARY CURVES
DEVELOP IN INFANCEY AND BOTH ARE LORDOSISES
SCOLISOSIS
LATERAL CURVE
HOW MANY BONES ARE THERE?
33
HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE CERVICAL REGION?
7
HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE LUMBAR REGION?
7
HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE LUMBAR REGION?
5
HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE SACRAL REGION?
5
HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE COCCYGEAL REGION?
4
BODY (CENTRUM) OF THE VERTEBRA
THE DENSE BONY PORTION
PEDICLE
BETWEEN THE BODY AND THE TRANSVERSE PROCESS
LAMINA
BETWEEN TRANSVERSE AND SPINOUS PROCESSES
SPINOUS PROCESS
CONVERGION OF LAMINA THAT PROTRUDES OUT DORSALLY
VERTEBRAL FORAMEN
THE SPINAL CANAL OR CENTRAL HOLE (THE PEDICLES, LAMINA, ETC. FORM A LARGE HOLE)
ARTICULAR PROCESS WITH FACET
THERE IS ONE SUPERIOR AND ONE INFERIOR AND THEY FORM THE GLIDING JOINTS WITH EACHOTHER
INTERVERTEBRAL DISCS ARE BETWEEN BODIES OF ____
ADJACENT VERTEBRAE
WHAT TWO PARTS MAKE UP THE INTERVETEBRAL DISCS?
THE ANNULUS FIBROSIS AND THE NUCLEUS PULPOSIS
ANNULUS FIBROSIS
THE OUTER PORTION OF CONCENTRIC RINGS OF CARTILAGE
NUCLUES PULPOSIS
THE CENTRAL GELATINOUS PORTION OF THE INTERVETEBRAL DISCS
what are the typical vertebra in the cervical region and what are their characteristics?
C3,C4,C5,C6
TRANSWERSE FORAMINA FOR ARTERIES
BIFID SPINE
WHICH TYPICAL VERTEBRAE HAVE BIFID SPINES?
CERVICAL
WHICH TYPICAL VERTEBRAE HAVE TRANSVERSE FORAMINA?
CERVICAL
WHAT ARE THE ATYPICAL CERVICAL VERTEBRA?
C1(ATLAS)
C2(AXIS)
C7(VERTEBRA PROMINENS)
WHICH VERTEBRAE IS THE ATLAS AND WHAT IS ITS CHARACTERISTICS?
C1
NO BODY OR SPINE-- TUBERCLES ON EITHER SIDE
WHAT IS THE BEST MOTION OF THE CERVICAL VERTEBRAE?
ROTATION
WHAT ARE THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE THORACIC VERTEBRAE?
LONG SLOPING SPINOUS PROCESSES
DEMIFACETS FOR ARTICULATION WITH THE RIBS
WHAT ARE DEMIFACETS?
SMALL CONCAVITIES FOUND ON THE THORACIC VERTEBRA THAT ARE ON THE PEDICLE AND ARTICUALTE WITH THE RIBS
WHAT IS THE BEST MOTION OF THE THORACIC VERTEBRAE?
SIDE TO SIDE BENDING
WHAT IS THE AXIS AND WHAT MAKES IT SPECIAL?
C2 IT HAS THE DENS AND ARTICULATES WITH THE ATLAS AND CREATES A PIVOT JOINT
WHAT IS THE VERTEBRA PROMINENS AND WHY IS IT SPECIAL?
C7 IT HAS A VERY LARGE SPINE THAT IS EASILY PALPATATED
WHAT ARE THE SPECIAL CHARATERISTICS OF THE LUMBAR VERTEBRAE?
VERY LARGE AND THICK BODIES FOR WEIGHT BEARING
SPINES ARE VERY BLUNT AND PROTRUDE ALMOST DIRECTLY POSTERIOR
WHAT IS THE BEST MOTION OF THE LUMBAR REGION?
BACK FLEXION AND EXTENSION
THE SACRAL VERTEBRAE HAVE ARTICULATION SURFACE FOR THE ______
ILIUM
WHAT TWO REGIONS OF THE SPINE DO NOT ALLOW MOTION?
SACRAL, COCCYGEAL
HOW MANY PAIRS OF RIBS ARE THERE?
12
HOW MANY TRUE RIBS ARE THERE AND WHY ARE THEY "TRUE"?
7 COSTAL CARTILAGE ARTICLUATES WITH THE STERNUM
WHICH RIBS ARE THE FALSE RIBS?
8-12
WHERE ARE THE RIBS 8-10 CONNECTED TO THE STERNUM?
THROUGH THE 7TH RIB'S COSTAL CARTILAGE
WHAT RIBS ARE THE FLOATING RIBS?
11 AND 12
HOW MANY PARTS ARE THERE IN THE STERNUM
3
WHAT DOES THE MANUBRIUM ARTICULATE WITH?
THE CLAVICLE AND 1ST RIB
WHAT IS THE STERNAL ANGLE?
WHERE THE MANUBRIUM JOINS THE STERNAL BODY

2ND RIB ARTICULATES HERE!!!
WHAT DOES THE BODY ARTICULATE WITH??
THE COSTAL CARTILAGES OF RIBS 2-7
WHAT DO THE ERECTOR SPINAE DO??
EXTEND THE SPINE
WHAT IS THE MEDIAL GROUP OF THE ERECTOR SPINAE??
SPINALIS
WHAT IS THE MOST LATERAL GROUP OF THE ERECTOR SPINAE?
ILIOCOSTALIS
WHAT IS THE LATERAL GROUP OF THE ERECTOR SPINAE??
THE LONGISSIMUS
WHAT IS THE MAJOR MOTION OF THE TRANSVERSOSPINALIS, INTERSPINALES AND THE INTERTRANSERSALES?
ROTAION AND EXTENSION OF THE VEREBRAL COLUMN
WHAT IS THE CURVE OF THE CERVICAL REGION?
LORDOSIS
WHAT IS THE MAJOR MOTION OF THE TRANSVERSOSPINALIS, INTERSPINALES AND THE INTERTRANSERSALES?
ROTAION AND EXTENSION OF THE VEREBRAL COLUMN
WHAT TWO REGIONS OF THE SPINE HAVE A LORDOSIS CURVE?
CERVICAL AND LUMBAR
WHICH TWO REGIONS OF THE SPINE HAVE A KYPHOSIS CURVE?
THORACIC AND SACRAL