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18 Cards in this Set

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What part of the speech is the nucleus or head of the predicate, indicating “action” or “state of being or existence”?
The verb
Climb, cook, look, run, jump, go, appear (= turn up) are all examples etc. of what type of verb?
Action verb. (He climbed the mountain.)
Be, look, seem, feel, become, appear (= seem) etc. are examples of what type of verb?
Verbs of state of being or existence verbs. (You are innocent. They look exhausted.)
Verbs of existence are also called?
Linking verbs.
When you have more than two words made by an auxiliary or helping verb, you have?
A verb phrase. (He will be going to Spain next week. We have been working all day. She should come earlier.
Transitive verbs have subjects or objects that?
Receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice.
Transitive active verbs take?
A direct object after them. [The girl ate her meal. (The girl is the subject-the doer of the action-and her meal is the direct object, i.e., the receiver of the action)]
In transitive passive verbs who receives the action?
The subject, with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. (The meal was eaten by the girl)
When the verb has no receiver of the action, i.e., no direct object, it is called?
An intransitive verb. They can be intransitive complete or intransitive linking.
Intransitive linking verbs include are be, look, become, appear, seem etc. and are followed by?
A predicate nominative or predicate adjective. [He became an excellent musician (predicate nominative) The man is tall (Predicate adjective)]
A predicative nominative completes a linking verb and does what to the subject?
It renames the subject. It is a complement of the verb.
When a verb doesn’t fit the other kinds of transitive or intransitive verbs it is known as?
Intransitive complete verbs. (He left. The phone rang.)
What is a multiword verb that consists of a verb plus one or two particles?
A phrasal verb. [A particle may be a preposition or an adverb, or an adverb plus a preposition. They operate as one item. "Look into" (investigate) "Look forward to" anticipate with pleasure)]
None
In general, is the meaning of this combination of verb + particle immediately obvious from the separate meanings of its parts?
No. [Give up (stop , abandon ), is not related at all with the meaning of the verb give in isolation. This is an example of an idiomatic or non-literal phrasal verb.]
What pattern does an intransitive phrasal verb follow?
. They cannot be followed by a direct object. (After he moved away, he became more independent. She didn’t turn up.)
What pattern does a transitive phrasal verb follow?
They can take objects before or after the particle. However, if the object is a pronoun, it can only come between the verb and the particle. [They cheered up the guests. They cheered the guests up. They cheered her up. BUT not-They cheered up her
In a transitive inseparable, what happens to the object or object pronoun?
Both come after the particle. (I ran into Peter. BUT not-I ran Peter.)
Phrasal prepositional have 3-word verbs and have?
Two particles: an adverb + a preposition. They are transitive verbs. (I get along with him. She lives up to her mother’s expectation.)