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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How many can I guess on?
2 passages
Outside knowledge?
No. Solely on info in passage.
Osmotic pressure of a cell in a hypotonic medium
hypotonic medium- greater osmotic pressure in the cell than in the medium, tending to draw water into cell and decrease interior osmotic pressure
What are the 3 primary characteristics of a prosthetic group?
-plays a major role in identification of an enzyme
1) Non-protein organic molecules associated with the enzyme (not part of amino acid sequence of proteins)
2) Added to proteins after translation.
3) Needed in order for some enzymes to catalyze reactions
When choosing a radioactive label, it is best to choose something that is/is not part of the reaction.
Is not part of the reaction...so you can identify what is going on in the reaction. If you use something to radioactively label that is already in the reaction, you are elucidating very little.
Can there ever be a net gain or loss of electrons in a system?
No, because in ANY SYSTEM, mass and charge are CONSERVED!
The dark phase of photosynthesis is responsible for...?
BIOSYNTHESIS (including: carbohydrate production)
Only in ___(name of process)____ is NAD+ regenerated.
Fermentation!
FACTORS THAT DETERMINE DIFFICULTY OF PASSAGE TEXT
1) LANGUAGE LEVEL
2) SENTENCE STRUCTURE
3) LEVEL OF CONCRETENESS OR ABSTRACTION
4) EDITING (ELLIPSES--> CONNECTIONS MAY BE REMOVED)
5) PARAPHRASE (IF CAN PUT IN YOUR OWN WORDS IN 15 SECS--> EASY)
DO NOT RANK ON LENGTH! LONG PASSAGES CAN BE EASIER!
DO NOT RANK ON SUBJECT CONTENT! EVERYTHING YOU NEED IS IN THE PASSAGE!
Easy vs. Difficult Questions
easy: what is best supported by passage (specific line reference or lead word to indicate appropriate section of text=given), def of vocab as used in passage
Difficult: ask you to evaluate how (and how well) author supports his/her arguments, to apply new information to the passage, except questions (what is NOT supported by the passage), or roman numeral questions
Deduce vs. Induce
deduce: to derive a conclusion from first principles, general rules, or axioms, or from something known or assumed, leads reasoner to certain knowledge
induce: to derive a conclusion from empirical observation or one's experience w/particular examples, leads reasoner to probable knowledge
Be able to differentiate...
Between factual evidence & what is only the author's opinion offered in support of an argument
Benefit of pre-reading
to determine which questions will be asked
permutation
variation
If you have an answer set with two choices that are opposites of each other,
one of probably correct. choose the more reasonable one & find support for it in passage, no support? try other choice. still no support? try other two choices.
If you have two choices that are very similar,
one of them is probably correct, check both before selecting one!
If there is one answer choice that seems completely different from other three,
choose best of the 3 and compare to the "different" one
exhort
strongly encourage or urge someone to do something
volition
the faculty or power of using one's will
If closely considering 2 choices,
consider the author's stance
Pivotal words signal the author is about to shift course by:
-placing a condition on argument
-introducing an antithetical/contrasting point
-shifting from a simple to a more complex level of argument
-making a concession to an opposing viewpoint
punitive
inflicting or intended as punishment
exonerate
absolve from blame for a fault or wrong doing
When annotating, what are you actively looking for?
the argument! clear claims as opposed to facts or description that you can go back to passage for
When finish reading,
summarize the main idea & tone in MY OWN WORDS!
trammeled
deprive of freedom of action
fetters
restricts or restrains
Pay attention to _____ of answer choices!
Phrasing! (overly, elaborate on, etc.)