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29 Cards in this Set

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superior vena cava/ inferior vena cava
Two major vessels which empty into the right atrium
lymph
A fluid that is composed of plasma minus certain macroproteins. It enters a network of lymph capillaries and is moved from there into larger lymph ducts, eventually also draining into the subclavian veins.
Lymph nodes
are small, oval bodies composed of reticular tissue which is adapted specifically to filter lymph. They usually occur in clusters in specific regions of the body.
Germinal centers
inside the node and are the sites of lymphocyte production.
The most common types of nodes
popliteal and inguinal (which means pertaining to the groin) nodes, the lumbar nodes (in the pelvic region), cubital and axillary nodes (the upper extremity), and the cervical nodes.
temporal
head
occipital
head
external jugular
neck
subclavian
neck
ophthalmic
head
facial
head
superior thyroid
neck
internal jugular
neck
brachiocephalic
neck
internal jugular
Extremely important to the venous system because all blood from the brain and deep areas of the face and neck are drained into it. There are two jugular veins, and they pass down the neck beside the common carotid arteries. They empty into the subclavian veins.
brachiocephalic
Also called innominate veins.
innominate
Where the subclavian and internal jugular veins come together. There are two of these, and they merge together to form the superior vena cava.
external jugular
The blood from the top of the head, part of the face, and the superficial neck region drain into these veins. They also empty into the subclavian veins.
diploic
There are several diploic veins, including the frontal diploic vein, occipital diploic vein, anterior temporal diploic vein, and posterior temporal diploic vein. These comprise the veins of the skull.
supratrochlear
These two veins begin high in the forehead and descend to the root of the nose.
retromandibular
Formed in the parotid gland by a union of the maxillary vein and the superficial temporal vein. It literally means behind the mandible.
basilic
A major superficial vein of the upper extremity. It passes on the ulnar side of the forearm and eventually forms the axillary vein.
cephalic
In addition to the cephalic vein, there are accessory cephalic and median cephalic veins. The cephalic vein is the other main superficial vein of the arm.
median cubital
A large branch of the cephalic vein which goes over the cubital fossa and joins with the basilic vein.
median antebrachial
Arises from the palmar venous plexus and passes up the forearm.
plexus
The term plexus means literally a network or tangle. It is a general term for a network of lymphatic vessels, nerves, or veins.
azygos
In addition to the azygos vein, there is a left azygos and a lesser superior azygos vein. The azygos vein extends superiorly along the abdominal and thoracic walls on the right side of the vertebral column. At the level of T4 it joins directly with the superior vena cava.
hemiazygos
This is a tributary of the azygos vein.
saphenous
The small saphenous and the great saphenous veins are the superficial veins of the lower extremity. They are also called the greater saphenous and lesser saphenous veins. The greater saphenous is the longest vein of the body and is often harvested to repair vessels of the heart.