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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
SUPERFICIAL PECTORLS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- first two sternebrae, fibrous raphe between adjacent muscles

INSERTION
- whole crest of greater tubercle of humerus

ACTION
- adduct limb when not weight bearing
- prevent limb from being abducted when weight bearing

INNERVATION
- crainial pectoral nerves
- C7, C8
DEEP PECTORAL

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ventral part of sternum
- fibrous raphe
- deep abdominal fascia in xiphoid cartilagae region

INSERTION
- mainly part muscle, part tendinous on LESSOR TYBERCLE of HUMERUS
- aponeurosis to GREATER TUBERCLE and its CREST
- caudal part to MEDIAL BRACHIAL FASCIA

ACTION
- when limb advanced
~~ pull trunk cranially
~~ extend shoulder joint
- when limb not supporting weigh
~~ draw limb caudally
~~ flex shoulder
- adduct limb

INNERVATION
- Caudal Pectoral nerves
- C8, T1
BRACHIOCEPHALICUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- neck
- mastoid process of head

INSERTION
- distal third of HUMERUS

ACTION
- advance limb
- extend shoulder joint
- draw head and neck to side

INNERVATION
- accesory nerve
- ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
STERNOCEPHALICUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- first stenebra
- manubrium

INSERTION
- mastoid part of temporal bone
- nuchl crest of occipital bone

ACTION
- draw head and neck to side

INNERVATION
- Acessory Nerve
- ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
STERNOHYOIDEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- fist stenebra
- first costal cartilage

INSERTION
- basihyoid bone

ACTION
- pull tongue and larynx caudally

INNERVATION
- ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
STERNOTHYROIDEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- fist costal cartilage

INSERTION
- caudolateral surface of thyroid cartilage

ACTION
- draw tongue and larynx caudally

INNERVATION
- ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
OMOTRANSVERSARIUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- atlas

INSERTION
- distal end of spine of scapula

ACTION
- advance limb
- flex neck laterally

INNERVATION
- Accessory nerve
TRAPEZIUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- median raphe of neck
- supraspinous ligament C3 to T9

INSERTION
- spine of scapula

ACTION
- elevate forelimb
- abduct forlimb

INNERVATION
- Accessory nerve
RHOMBOIDEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- nuchal crest of occipital bone
- median fibrous raphe of neck
- spinous processes of C1 to C7

INSERTION
- dorsal border of scapula

ACTION
- elevate forelimb
- draw scapula against trunk

INNERVATION
-
LATISSIMUS DORSI

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- thoracolumbar fascia spinous processes of lumbar and C7,8 vertebrae
- musclular attachement ot last 3 ribs

INSERTION
- teres major tuberosity of humerus
- teres major tendon

ACTION
- draw free limb caudally
- flex shoulder joint

INNERVATION
- thoracodorsal nerve
- C7,8, T1
SERRATUS VENTRALIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- transvers processes of C2,C7 and T1,8

INSERTION
- dorsomedial third of serrated face of scapula

ACTION
- support trunk
- depress scapula

INNERVATION
- ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
- long throacic nerve
- C7
DELTOIDIEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- spine and acromial process of scapula

INSERTION
- deltoid tuberosity

ACTION
- flex shoulder

INNERVATION
- Axillary nerve
INFRASPINATUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- infrapinous fossa

INSERTION
- later side of greater tubercle of humerus

ACTION
- extend or flex shoulder joint
- abduct shoulder
- rotate arm laterally
- provide lateral stability to shoulder joint

INNERVATION
- Suprascapular nerve

Note
- SUBTENDINOUS SYNOVIAL BURSA
- tendon of insertion and reater tubercle of humerus
TERES MINOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
-
ORIGIN
- infraglenoid tubercle
- distal third of caudal border of scapula

INSERTION
- teres minor tuberosity of humerus

ACTION
- flex shoulder joint
- rotate arm laterally

INNERVATION
- Axillary nerve
SUPRASPINATUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- supraspinous fossa

INSERTION
- greater tubercle of humerus
- by a thick tendon

ACTION
- extend shoulder joint
- stabilize shoulder joint

INNERVATION
- Suprascapular nerve
SUBSCAPULARIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- subscapular fossa

INSERTION
- lesser tubercle of humerus

ACTION
- adduct shoulder joint
- extend shoulder joint
- medially stabilize shoulder joint
- rotate brachium medially

INNERVATION
- Subscapular nerve
TERES MAJOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- caudal angle of scapula
- caudal border of scapula
caudal surface of subscapularis

INSERTION
- teres major tuberosity of humerus

ACTION
- flex hsoulder joint
- rotate brachium medially
INNERVATION
- Axillary nerve
CORACOBRACHIALIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- coracoid process of scapula

INSERTION
- crest of lesser tubercl of humerus proximal to teres major tuberosity

ACTION
- extend shoulder joint
- adduct shoulder joint
- stabilize shoulder joint

INNERVATION
- Musculocutaneous nerve
TENSOR FASCIAE ANTEBRACHII

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- fascia covering the lateral side of Latissimus Dorsi

INSERTION
- olecranon

ACTION
- extend elbow

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
TRICEPS BRACHII LONG HEAD

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- caudal border of scapula

INSERTION
- olecranon tuber

ACTION
- extend elbow
- flex shoulder

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
TRICEPS BRACHII LATERAL HEAD

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- tricipital line of humerus

INSERTION
- olecranon tuber

ACTION
- extend elbow

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
TRICEPS BRACHII ACCESSORY HEAD

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- meck of humerus

INSERTION
- olecranon tuber

ACTION
- extend elbow

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
TRICEPS BRACHII MEDIAL HEAD

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- crest of lesser tubercle
- near teres major tuberosity

INSERTION
- olecranon

ACTION
- Extend Elbow

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
ANCONEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral supracondylar crest of humerus
- latera and medial epicondyles of humerus

INSERTION
- lateral surface of proximal endd of ulna

ACTION
- extend elbow

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
BICEPS BRACHII

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- supraglenoid tubercle

INSERTION
- ulnar tuberosity
- radial tuberosity

ACTION
- flex elbow
- extend shoulder

INNERVATION
- Musculocutaneous nerve
BRAHIALIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- porximal third of lateral surface of humerus

INSERTION
- ulnar tuberosity
- radial tuberosity

ACTION
- flex elbow

INNERVATION
- Musculocutaneous nerve
EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral suprocondylar crest

INSERTION
- small tuberositys on dorsal surfaces of base of meatacarpals II and III

ACTION
- extend carpus

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
LATERAL DIGITAL EXTENSOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral epicondyle of humerus

INSERTION
- procimal ends of phalanges of III, IV, V

ACTION
- extend carpus
- extend joints of digits III, IV, V

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
EXTENSOR CARPI ULNARIS
aka
ULNARIS LATERALIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral epicondyle of hunerus

INSERTION
- lateral aspect of priximal end of metacarpal V
- accessory carpal bone

ACTION
- abduct carpal joint
- extend carpal joint

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
SUPINATOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral epicondyle of humerus

INSERTION
- cranial surface of proximal forth of radius

ACTION
- rotate forearm laterally ie supination
- flex elbow

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
ABDUCTOR POLLICIS LONGUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral border of body of ulna
- cranial surface of body of ulna
- interosseous membrane

INSERTION
- porximal end of metacarpal I

ACTION
- abduct first digit
- extend carpal joints

INNERVATION
- Radial nerve
PRONATOR TERES

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- medial epicondyle of humerus

INSERTION
- medial border of radius end of proximal third

ACTION
- rotate the forearm medially ie pronate
- flex elbow

INNERVATION
- Median nerve
FLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- medial epicondyle of humerus
- medial border of radius

INSERTION
- palmar side of base of metacarpals II and III

ACTION
- flex carpus

INNERVATION
- Median nerve
SUPERFICIAL DIGITAL FLEXOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- medial epicondyle of humerus

INSERTION
- palmar surface of proximal end of digits II, III, IV, V

ACTION
- flex carpus
- flex metacaprophalangeal joints
- flex inerphalangeal joints

INNERVATION
- Median nerve
FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ulnar head
~~~ caudal border and medial surface of olecranon
- humeral head
~~~ medial epicondyle of humerus

INSERTION
- accessory carpal bone

ACTION
- flex carpus

INNERVATION
- Ulnar nerve
DEEP DIGITAL FLEXOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- humeral head
~~~ medial epicondyle of humerus
- ulnar head
~~~ proximal 3/4 of caudal border of ulna
- radial head
~~~ middle 1/3 of medial border of radius

INSERTION
- palmar surface of proximal end of distal phalanx of each digit

ACTION
- flex carpus
- flex metacaprophalangeal joints
- flex proximal interphalangeal joints
- flex distal interphalangeal joints

INNERVATION
- Median nerve
- Ulnar nerve
PRONATOR QUDRATUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- apposed surfaces of radius and ulna

INSERTION
- opposed surfaces of radius and ulna

ACTION
- pronate paw

INNERVATION
- Median nerve
BICEPS FEMORIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- sacrotuberous ligament
- ischiatic tuberosity

INSERTION
- fadia lata and crural fascia to
~~~ patella
~~~ patellar ligament
~~~ cranial border of tibia
- by means of crural fascia to
~~~ subcutaneous part of tibial body
~~~ tuber calcanei

ACTION
- extend hip
- extend stifle
- extend hock
- flex stifle
~~~ via caudal part of muscle

INNERVATION
- Sciatic nerve
SEMITENDINOUSUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ishiatic tuberosity

INSERTION
- disto cranial border of tibia
- medial surface of body of tibia
- tuber calcanei via crural fascia

ACTION
- extend hip
- flex stifle
- extend hock

INNERVATION
- Sciatic nerve
SEMIMEMBRANOSUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ischiatic tuberosity

INSERTION
- distal medial lip of caudal rough surface of femur
- proximal end of tibia

ACTION
- extend hip
- extend stifle via part attached to femur
- flex or extend stifle via part that attaches to tibia

INNERVATION
- Sciatic nerve
SATORIUS CRANIAL PART

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- crest of ilium
- thoracolumbar fascia

INSERTION
- patella in common with rectus femoris

ACTION
- flex hip
- extend stifle

INNERVATION
- Femoral nerve
SATORIUS CAUDAL PART

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- cranial ventral iliac spine
- adjacent ventral border of illium

INSERTION
- cranial border of tibia in common with gracilis

ACTION
- flex hip
- flex stifle

INNERVATION
- Femoral nerve
GRACILIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- pelvic smphysis via symphysial tendon

INSERTION
- cranial border of tibia
- tuber calcanei with semitendinosus

ACTION
- adduct limb
- flex stifle
- extend hock
- extend hip

INNERVATION
- Obturator nerve
PECTINEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ilopubic emminence
- pubic tubercle
- both via prepubic tendon

INSERTION
- distal end of medial lip of caudal rough face of femur

ACTION
- adduct limb

INNERVATION
- Obturartor nerve
ADDUCTOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- entire pevic symphysis via symphysial tendon
- adjacent part of ischiatic arch
- ventral surface of pubis
- ventral surface of ischium

INSERTION
- entire lateral lip of the caudal rough face of femur

ACTION
- adduct limb
- extend hip

INNERVATION
- Obturator nerve
TENSOR FASCIAE LATAE
aka Craig's muscle

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- tuber coxae
- adjacent part of ilium
- aponeurosis of middle gluteal muscle

INSERTION
- later femoral fascia

ACTION
- tense lateral femoral fascia
- flex hip
- extend stifle


INNERVATION
- Cranial Gluteal nerve
SUPERFICIAL GLUTEAL

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral border of sacrum
- first caudal vertebra
- partly via scrotuberous ligament
- cranial dorsal iliac spine via deep gluteal fascia

INSERTION
- third trochanter

ACTION
- extend hip
- abduct limb

INNERVATION
- Caudal Gluteal nerve
MIDDLE GLUTEAL

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- crest of ilium
- gluteal surface of ilium

INSERTION
- greater trochanter

ACTION
- extend hip
- abduct hip
- rotate pelvic limb medially

INNERVATION
- Cranial Gluteal nerve
DEEP GLUTEAL

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- body of ilium
- ischiatic spine

INSERTION
- cranial aspect of greater trochanter

ACTION
- extend hip
- abduct hip
- rotate pelvic limb medially

INNERVATION
- Cranial Gluteal nerve
INTERNAL OBTURATOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- symphysis pelvis
- dorsal surface of ischium
- dorsal surface of pubis

INSERTION
- trochanteric fossa of femur

ACTION
- rotate pelvic limb laterally at hip

INNERVATION
- Sciatic nerve
GEMELLI

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral surface of ishcium caudal to acetabulum and ventral ot lesser ischiatic notch

INSERTION
- trochanteric fossa

ACTION
- rotate pelvic limb laterally at hip

INNERVATION
- Sciatic nerve
QUADRATUS FEMORIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ventral surface of caudal part of ischium

INSERTION
- intertrochanteric crest

ACTION
- extend hip
- rotate pelvic limb laterally

INNERVATION
- Sciatic nerve
EXTERNAL OBTURATOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ventral surface of pubis
- ventral surface of ischium

INSERTION
- trochanteric fossa

ACTION
- rotate pelvic limb laterally

INNERVATION
- Obturator nerve
QUADRICEPS FEMORIS - RECTUS FEMORIS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- ilium

INSERTION
- tibial tuberosity via patella

ACTION
- extend stifle
- flex hip

INNERVATION
- Femoral nerve
QUADRICEPS FEMORIS - VASTI (LATERALIS, ITERMEDIUS, MEDIALIS)

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- proximal femur

INSERTION
- tibial tuberosity via patella

ACTION
- extend stifle

INNERVATION
- Femoral nerve
ILIPPSOAS
aka
CROP DUSTER'S FAVORITE

TYLER SHOWS SOME PROWES TOO

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- psoas major
~~~ lumbar verterae
- iliacus
~~~ cranioventral ilium

INSERTION
- lesser trochanter

ACTION
- flex hip
- not to mention the pelvic thing

INNERVATION
- ventral branches of lumbar nerves
- Femoral nerve
CRANIAL TIBIAL

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- extensor groove of tibia
- adjacent articualr margin of tibia
- lateral edge of cranial tibial border

INSERTION
- plantar surface of proximal end of metatarsals I and II

ACTION
- flex tarsus
- rotate paw laterally

INNERVATION
- Peroneal nerve
LONG DIGITAL EXTENSOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- extensor fossa of femur

INSERTION
- extensor processes of dista phalanges of digits

ACTION
- extend digits
- flex tarsus

INNERVATION
- Peroneal nerve
PERONEUS LONGUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral condyle of tibia
- proximal end of gibula
- lateral eppicondyle of femur via laterl collaterl ligament of stifle

INSERTION
- fouth tarsal bone
- plantar aspect of proximal metatarsals

ACTION
- flex tarsus
- rotate paw medially ie pronation

INNERVATION
- Peroneal nerve
GASTROCNEMIUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- medial supracondylar tuberosity of femur
- lateral sypracondylar tuberosity of femur

INSERTION
- proximal dorsal surface of tuber calcanei

ACTION
- extend tarsus
- flex stifle

INNERVATION
- Tibial nerve
SUPERFICIAL DIGITAL FLEXOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- latera supracondylar tuberosity of femur

INSERTION
- tuer calcanei
- proximal ends of middle phalanges of digits

ACTION
- flex first two digital joints of digits
- flex stifle
- extend tarsus

INNERVATION
- Tibial nerve
DEEP DIGITAL FLEXOR
(LATERAL AND MEDIAL DIGITAL FLEXORS)

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- plantar aspect of proximal 2/3 of tibia
- proximal 1/2 of fibula
- adjacent interosseous membrane

INSERTION
- plantar surface of proximal ende of distal phalanges

ACTION
- flex digits
- extend tarsus

INNERVATION
- Tibial nerve
POPLITIEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral condyle of femur

INSERTION
- proximal 1/3 of caudal surface of tibia

ACTION
- rotate leg medially

INNERVATION
- Tibial nerve
SUPERFICIAL DIGITAL FLEXOR

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- latera supracondylar tuberosity of femur

INSERTION
- tuer calcanei
- proximal ends of middle phalanges of digits

ACTION
- flex first two digital joints of digits
- flex stifle
- extend tarsus

INNERVATION
- Tibial nerve
DEEP DIGITAL FLEXOR
(LATERAL AND MEDIAL DIGITAL FLEXORS)

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- plantar aspect of proximal 2/3 of tibia
- proximal 1/2 of fibula
- adjacent interosseous membrane

INSERTION
- plantar surface of proximal ende of distal phalanges

ACTION
- flex digits
- extend tarsus

INNERVATION
- Tibial nerve
POPLITIEUS

ORIGIN

INSERTION

ACTION

INNERVATION
ORIGIN
- lateral condyle of femur

INSERTION
- proximal 1/3 of caudal surface of tibia

ACTION
- rotate leg medially

INNERVATION
- Tibial nerve