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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prolonged use of a vasodilator will cause a _______.
increase in blood volume
What are the adverse effects of vasodilators?
Postural Hypotension
Reflex Tachycardia
Expansion of Blood Volume
What is the effect Hydralazine?
Dilation of arterioles
What is Hydralazine used for?
Short-Term Lowering of blood pressure
Minoxidil produces what effect?
Selective dilation of arterioles
What is a unique side effect of Hydralazine?
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus-like Syndrome
What is a unique side effects of Minoxidil?
Fluid retension
Pericardial Effusion
What is the action of Sodium Nitroprusside?
Venous and Arterial Dilation
Nitroprusside does not cause the common side effect of ___.
reflex tachycardia
What is Sodium Nitroprusside used for?
Hypertensive Emergency Treatment
What are the adverse effects of Sodium Nitroprusside?
Cyanide and Thiocyanate Poisioning
Normal BP:
Prehypertensive BP:
Hypertensive BP:
Below 120/80
Above 120/80 and below 140-90
Above 140/90
Primary Hypertension has no cause while Secondary Hypertension has a primary cause.
T or F
What are Lifestyle changes that can help to lower BP?
Weight Loss
Sodium Restriction
DASH eating Plan
Alcohol restriction
Aerobic exercise
No Smoking
When BP falls, kidney filtration (decreases/increases)
Initial Treatment of Hypertension is:
Beta Blocker
What is the best choice for lowering BP in Renal Disease patients?
ACE inhibitor and ARBs
Loop Diuretic
What is the best treatment choice for the older adults?
Beta Blockers
What is the best choice during pregnancy?