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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
This is a continuation of the thoracic aorta
abdominal aorta
this divides into right and left common iliac arteries
abdominal aorta
unpaired visceral branches of the abdominal aorta
celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery and inferior mesenteric artery
the celiac trunk divides into 3 branches, what are they?
left gastric, splenic and common hepatic arteries
what does the left gastric branch do
supplies the stomach and the esophagus
what does the splenic do
it has branches that supply the spleen, pancreas, greater omentum and the stomach
what does the hepatic do
it has branches that supply the liver, gallbladder, stomach, duodenum, pancreas, and greater omentum
the superior mesenteric has branches that supply what
the pancreas, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, ascending colon and transverse colon
the inferior mesenteric artery has branches that supply
the transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum
when does a portal system form
when one venous capillary system coalesces and then branches out to form another capillary system without the heart being between them
capillaries of the interstines coalesce to form the inferior and superior mesenteric veins, then come together to form what
hepatic portal vein
where does the portal venous system connect with the systemic venous system?
between esopheageal veins, rectal veins, and paraumbilical veins of the anterior abdominal wall
does the portal system have veins
no
can veins of the portal system go into opposite directions to get to the inferior vena cava
yes
paraumbilical veins become varicose and look somewhat like small snakes is call what
caput medusae (cirrhosis of liver)
The superior epigastric artery is a contnuarion of what
the inner thoracic artery
it enters the rectus sheath and provides arterial blood to the rectus abdominus and superior part of the anterolateral abdominal wall
The superior epigastric artery
the inferior epigastric arter arises from what
external illac and runs superiorly to enter the rectus sheath
what does the inferior epigastric supply
lower part of the rectus abdomialtus
what supplies blood to the subcutaneous tissue and skin over the supra pubic region
superficial epigastric artery
what does the superficial circumflex illac artery supply
subcutaneous tissue and skin over the inferior part of the anterolateral abdominal wall
most superficial lymphatic vessels superior to the umbilicus drain to what
the axillary lymph nodes, but some drain to the parasternal lymph nodes
superficial lymphatic vessels inferior to the umbilicus drain to what
superficial inguinal lymph nodes