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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define:
Pooh-poohing
Dismissing rather than arguing against your opponent's point.
Define:
Shifting the Burden of Proof
Trying to make the other person prove what you should prove.
Define:
Attacking the person
The fallacy of criticizing a person who puts forward a proposal or claim rather than giving evidence to logically refute the person's point of view.
Define:
Appeal to fear
Using threats or scare tactics instead of evidence to get a point accepted.
Define:
Appeal to pity
Evoking the feeling of pity instead of giving evidence to get a point accepted.
Define:
Appeal to the crowd
Arousing feelings of group identity instead of giving evidence to get a point accepted.
Define:
Ignoring the Issue
Arguing about something other than the point at hand.
Define:
Loaded Question
A question with a false or debatable presupposition.
Define:
Circular Argument (Begging the Question)
Assuming during the course of your argument that very thing you are supposed to prove.
Define:
Bad Appeal to Authority
Using the testimony of an expert as evidence for a point, when that expert is not identified, not competent in the area under discussion, not quoted in full, not current, or not unbiased.
Define:
false dilemma
a dilemma in which either significant options are overlooked or consequences of stated options are misstated.
Define:
false analogy
A comparison that overlooks significant differences between the things compared.
Define:
Hasty Generalization
Generalizing on the basis of atypical or too few cases.
Define:
Accident
The fallacy of applying a general rule in an atypical way or to an atypical case.
Define:
False cause
Arguing that A causes B merely on the basis that A and B are linked in time.
Define:
Equivocation
Shifting from one meaning (of an ambiguous word or phrase) to another during the course of an argument.
Define:
Amphiboly
A sentence that is ambiguous due to grammatical construction.
Define:
Accent
Changing the meaning of a word or phrase by stressing or omitting part of it.
Define:
Division
Either assuming that what is true of the whole is true of the parts, or else using a general term collectively in the premises and distributively in the conclusion.
Define:
Composition
Either assuming that what is true of the parts is true of the whole, or else using a general term distributively in the premises and collectively in the conclusion.