Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/33

Click to flip

33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mobitz I
Usually due to inferior MI. Rarely goes into 3rd degree block. Txt w/ Atropine or Isoproterenol.
Mobitz II
BBB association. Often goes to 3rd degree AV block. Usually due to anterior MI.
P wave
Atrial depol.
a wave
LA contraction
T wave
Vetricular repol.
Wavy fibers
Eosinophilic bands of necrotic myocytes. Early sign of MI.
Janeway's lesions
Acute bacterial endocarditis. Nontender, erythematous lesions of palms & soles.
Osler's nodes
Subacute bacterial endocarditis. Tender lesions of fingers & toes.
Thiamine defcy
Wet Beri Beri heart. Dilated (congested) cardiomyopathy due to chronic alcohol consumption. Dry Beri Beri = peripheral neuropathy. Wernicke-Korsakoff = ataxia
Fibrinous Pericarditis
Associated w/ MI: Dressler's
Friction Rub
Pericarditis association
Hemorrhagic Pericarditis
Associated w/ TB or neoplasm
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy
Aka infiltrative cardiomyopathy that stiffens the heart. Due to amyloidosis in the elderly. Due to , also see schaumann & asteroid bodies in young (<25 yoa).
PML's infectious agent
JC Virus (Papovavirus = dsDNA, naked icosahedral capsid)
Edema
↑Pc (more seeps out. ↓πc (less reabsorbed). ↑ permeability. Block lymphatic drainage
Serous Pericarditis
Associated w/ nonbacterial; viral (Coxsackie) infection; immunologic reaction.
Adult Polycystic Kidney
Disease
Commonly see liver cysts & Berry aneurysms along w/ kidney cysts. Hematuria & HTN also present. 3 cysts in ea. Kidney w/ + family history confirms diagnosis
Malignant HTN & Kidneys
Petehial hemorrhages are seen on kidney surfaces = Flea-Bitten surface = young black men
Nephritic signs
Hematuria, RBC casts, HTN
Nephrotic signs
Proteinuria, Hypoalbuminemia, Edema
Podocyte Effacement seen
w/
Minimal Change (Lipoid nephrosis) disease
ASO seen in
Acute post-streptococcal GN (due to βHGASrtep).Anti streptolysin O
Crescentic GN
Rapidly progressive GN - nephritic syndrome. Associated w/ multi system disease or post-strep/post infectious glomerular nephritis
Hereditary Nephritis
Alport's syndrome. X linked. Renal disease w/ deafness & ocualr abnormalities
Membranoproliferative GN
Can be secondary to complement deficiency, chronic infections, CLL, See tram tracking
TypeI Membrano
Proliferative GN deposits
C3 & IgG deposits
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis deposits
IgM & C3 deposits
Cold agglutinins
Seen in atypical pneumonia. It is IgM Ab with specificity for I Ag on adult RBCs
Scrofula
TB in the lymph nodes
Aspirin-Asthma Triad
Nasal polyps - Rhinitis - bronchoconstriction
Ferruginous bodies
Hemosiderin (pigment w/ Fe3-) covered macrophages that have been pahgocytised
Pancoast's tumor causes
Ulnar nerve pain & Horner's syndrome
TypeII Membrano
Proliferative GN deposits
Only C3 deposits
Aka Dense deposit disease