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118 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Anterior perforated substance
What is B?
None
Infundibulum
What is C?
None
Tuber cinereum
What is D?
None
Mamillary bodies
What is E?
None
Interpeduncular fossa
What is F?
None
Crux cerebri (cerebral peduncle)
What is G?
None
Middle cerebellar peduncle
What is I?
None
Pyramid
What is J?
None
Pyramidal decussation
What is K?
None
C1
What is L?
None
Optic tract
What is P?
None
CN III
What is Q?
None
CN IV
What is R?
None
CN V
What is S?
None
CN VI
What is T?
None
CN VII
What is U?
None
CN VIII
What is V?
None
CN IX
What is W?
None
CN X
What is X?
None
CN XI
What is Y?
None
CN XII
What is Z?
None
Which cranial nerve opens eyelids?
III
Which cranial nerve tastes from anterior 2/3 of tongue?
VII
Which cranial nerve salivates from the submaxillary glands?
VII
Which cranial nerve salivates from the submandibular glands?
VII
Which cranial nerve closes eyelids?
VII
Which cranial nerve tastes from posterior third of tongue?
IX
Which cranial nerve salivates from parotid gland?
IX
Which cranial nerve monitors carotid body and sinus chemo and baroreceptors?
IX
Which cranial nerve tastes from epiglottic region?
X
Which cranial nerve swallows?
X
Which cranial nerve elevates palate?
X
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 3
Midbrain
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 4
Midbrain
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 5
Pons
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 6
Pons
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 7
Pons
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 8
Pons
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 9
Medulla
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 10
Medulla
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 11
Medulla
Where in the brain stem is the nucleus of the follow cranial nerve: 12
Medulla
Lateral or medial in brainstem: Sensory cranial nerve nuclei
Lateral (because Medial for Motor)
Lateral or medial in brainstem: Motor cranial nerve nuclei
Medial for Motor
What CNs are in the following nucleus and what kind of information does it carry: Nucleus Solitarius
8, 9, 10

Visceral sensory information (Solitarius is Sensory)
What CNs are in the following nucleus and what kind of information does it carry: Nucleus Ambiguens
9, 10, 11

Motor innervation of pharynx larynx and upper esophagus (aMbiguens is Motor)
What CNs are in the following nucleus and what kind of information does it carry: Dorsal motor nucleus
Sends parasympathetic fibers to heart, lungs, and upper GI
What opening does the following structure pass through: Ophthalmic artery
Optic canal
What opening does the following structure pass through: Central retinal vein
Optic canal
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN III
Superior orbital fissure
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN IV
Superior orbital fissure
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN V1
Superior orbital fissure

Mnemonic for CN V: (Standing room only)
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN VI
Superior orbital fissure
What opening does the following structure pass through: Ophthalmic vein
Superior orbital fissure
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN V2
Foramen rotundum

Mnemonic for CN V: (standing Room only)
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN V3
Foramen ovale

Mnemonic for CN V: (standing Room only)
What opening does the following structure pass through: Middle meningeal artery
Foramen spinosum
What opening does the following structure pass through: Middle meningeal vein
Foramen spinosum
What opening does the following structure pass through: Recurrent branch of V3
Foramen spinosum
What opening does the following structure pass through: Accessory meningeal artery
Foramen ovale
What opening does the following structure pass through: Lesser petrosal nerve
Foramen ovale
What opening does the following structure pass through: Bridging veins
Foramen ovale
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN VII
Internal auditory meatus
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN VIII
Internal auditory meatus
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN IX
Jugular foramen
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN X
Jugular foramen
What opening does the following structure pass through: cranial roots of CN XI
Jugular foramen
What opening does the following structure pass through: Jugular vein
Jugular foramen
What opening does the following structure pass through: Inferior petrosal nerve
Jugular foramen
What opening does the following structure pass through: Posterior meningeal artery
Jugular foramen
What opening does the following structure pass through: Sigmoid sinus
Jugular foramen
What opening does the following structure pass through: spinal roots of XI
Foramen magnum
What opening does the following structure pass through: brain stem
Foramen magnum
What opening does the following structure pass through: vertebral artery
Foramen magnum
What opening does the following structure pass through: CN XII
Hypoglossal canal
Hypothalamus
What is A?
None
Optic chiasm
What is B?
None
Internal carotid artery O TOM CAT
What is C?
None
Internal carotid artery O TOM CAT
What is D?
None
Cavernous sinus
What is E?
None
Sphenoid bone
What is F?
None
Sphenoidal sinus
What is G?
None
3rd ventricle
What is H?
None
Pituitary stalk
What is I?
None
Diaphragm sella
What is J?
None
Pituitary gland
What is K?
None
CN III Oculomotor nerve O TOM CAT
What is L?
None
CN IV Trochlear nerve O TOM CAT
What is M?
None
Sella turcica
What is N?
None
CN VI Abducens nerve O TOM CAT
What is O?
None
CN V1 Opthalmic nerve O TOM CAT
What is P?
None
CN V2 Maxillary nerve O TOM CAT
What is Q?
None
Nasopharynx
What is R?
None
What is 1 and what anatomical structure has been lesioned?
1. Right anopsia with right optic nerve lesioned
None
What is 2 and what anatomical structure has been lesioned?
2. Bitemporal hemi anopsia with optic chiasm lesioned
None
What is 3 and what anatomical structure has been lesioned?
3. Left homonymous hemianopsia with right optic tract lesioned
None
What is 4 and what anatomical structure has been lesioned?
4. Left upper quadrantic anopsia (lesion of Meyer's loop in right temporal lobe)
None
What is 5 and what anatomical structure has been lesioned?
5. Left lower quadrantic anopsia (Lesion of dorsal optic radiation in right parietal lobe)
None
What is 6 and what anatomical structure has been lesioned?
6. Left hemianopia with macular sparing (Calcarine fissure lesion in right visual cortex)
None
Innervation of muscles with palat in their name
Vagus nerve (except tensor veli palatini innervated by mandibular branch of CN V)
Innervation of muscles with glossus in their name
Hypoglossal nerve (except palatoglossus, innervated by vagus)
Moro reflex
Extension of limbs when startled. Primitive reflex which disappears within 1st year. May reemerge following frontal lobe lesion.
Rooting reflex
Nipple seeking. Primitive reflex which disappears within 1st year. May reemerge following frontal lobe lesion.
Palmar reflex
Grasps objects in palm. Primitive reflex which disappears within 1st year. May reemerge following frontal lobe lesion.
Babinski reflex
Large toe dorsiflexes with plantar stimulation. Primitive reflex which disappears within 1st year. May reemerge following frontal lobe lesion or other upper motor neuron lesion.
Which nerve root does this reflex test: Biceps
C5
Which nerve root does this reflex test: Triceps
C7
Which nerve root does this reflex test: Patella
L4
Which nerve root does this reflex test: Achilles
S1
Important landmark for: Pudendal nerve block
Ischial spine
Important landmark for: Appendix
2/3 of the way from the umbilicus to the anterior superior iliac spine
Important landmark for: Lumbar puncture
Iliac crest
Muscle spindles vs. Golgi tendon organs: What do they monitor?
Muscle spindles: muscle length (Make you pick up a heavy suitcase when you didn't know how heavy it was)

Golgi tendon organs: muscle tension (Makes you drop a havey suitcase you've been carrying for too long.)
Radial nerve injury manifestation
Wrist drop
Disease state due to injury of: Common peroneal nerve
L4-S2: Foot drop. Deep peroneal innervates anterior. Superficial innervates lateral.

PED: Peroneal Everts and Dorsiflexes. If injured, foot dropPED
Disease state due to injury of: Tibial nerve
L4-S3: Loss of plantar flexion. Tibial nerve innervates posterior compartment.

TIP: Tibial Inverts and Plantarflexes; if injured, can't stand on TIPtoes
Disease state due to injury of: Femoral nerve
L2-L4: Loss of knee extension/knee jerk
Disease state due to injury of: Obturator nerve
L2-L4: Loss of hip adduction