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278 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Actinic keratosis
Often precedes squamous cell carcinoma
Addison's disease
Primary adrenocortical deficiency
Albright's syndrome
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe-au-lait spots, short stature, young girls
Albuminocytologic dissociation
Guillain-barre (increase protein in CSF with only modest incease in cell count)
Alport's syndrome
Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness
Anti-basement membrane antibodies
Goodpasture's syndrome
Anticentromere antibodies
Scleroderma (CREST)
Anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (ANA antibodies)
SLE (type III hypersensitivity)
Anti-epithelial cell antibodies
Pemphigus vulgaris
Antigliadin antibodies
Celiac disease
Antihistone antibodies
Drug-induced SLE
Anti-IgG antibodies
Rheumatoid arthritis
Antimitochondrial antibodies
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Antineutrophil antibodies
Vasculitis
Antiplatelet antibodies
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
Arachnodactyly
Marfan's syndrome
Argyll robertson pupil
Neurosyphilis
Arnold-chiari malformation
Cerebellar tonsillar herniation
Aschoff bodies
Rheumatic fever
Atrophy of the mammillary bodies
Wernicke's encephalopathy
Auer rods
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) (especially the promyelocytic type M3 or PML)
Autosplenectomy
Sickle cell anemia
Babinski's sign
UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa
Rheumatoid arthritis
"Bamboo spine" on x-ray
Ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome
Hyperreninemia
Basophilic stippling of RBCs
Lead poisoning
Becker's muscular dystrophy
Defective dysstrophin; less severe than Duchenne's (Absent)
Bell's palsy
LMN CN VII palsy
Bence Jones proteins
Multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine, Waldenstrom's macroglobinemia (IgM)
Berger's disease
IgA nephropathy
Bernard-Soulier disease
Defect in platelet adhesion (lack of glycoprotein Ib, platelets don't stick to vWF)
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Sarcoidosis
Birbeck granules on EM
Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Bloody tap on LP
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
"Blue bloater"
Chronic bronchitis
Blue-domed cysts
Fibrocystic change of the breast
Blue sclera
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Boot shaped heart on x-ray
Tetrology of fallot; RVH
Bouchard's nodes
Osteoarthritis (PIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)
Boutonniere deformity
Rheumatoid arthritis
Branching rods in oral infection
Actinomyces israelii
"Brown tumor" of bone
Hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts (1) Hyperpatathyroidism, (2) Osteo fibrosa cystica (von Recklinghausen's disease of the bone)
Bruton's disease
X-linked agammaglobinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
Posthepatic venous thrombosis
Buerger's disease
Small/medium aa vasculitis
Burkitt's lymphoma
8:14 translocation; associated with EBV; "starry sky" appearance on histology
Burton's lines
Lead poisoning
c-ANCA, p-ANCA
Wegener's granulomatous, microscopic polyangitis
Cafe-au-lait spots on skin
Neurofibromatosis
Caisson disease
Gas emboli
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary
Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy
Chagas' disease
Cerebriform nuclei
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Chagas' disease
Trypanosome infection
Chancre
Primary syphilis (not painful)
Chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Charcot's triad
Multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech); cholangitis (jaundice, RUQ pain, fever)
Charcot-Leyden crystals
Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes)
Chediak-Higashi disease
Phagocyte deficiency
Cherry-red spot on macula
Tay-Sachs, Niemann-Pick disease, central retinal artery occlusion
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Central apnea in CHF and increased intracranial pressure
"Chocolate cysts"
Endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)
Chronic atrophic gastritis
Predisposition to gastric carcinoma (adenocarcinoma)
Chvostek's sign
Hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina
DES exposure in utero
Clue cells
Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman's triangle on x-ray
Osteosarcoma
Cold agglutinins
Mycoplasma pneumonia, infectious mononucleosis
Cold intolerance
Hypothyroidism
Condylomata lata
Secondary syphilis (white plaques)
Continuous machinery murmur
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
Cori's disease
Debranching enzyme deficiency
Cotton-wool spots
Chronic hypertension
Cough, conjunctivitis, coryza + fever
Measles
Councilman bodies
Toxic or viral hepatitis
Cowdry type A bodies
Herpesvirus
Crescents in Bowman's capsule
Rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Crigler-Najjar syndrome
Congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Curling's ulcer
Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
Currant-jelly sputum
Klebsiella
Curshmann's spirals
Bronchial asthma (whorled mucous plugs)
Cushing's ulcer
Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury
D-dimers
DIC
Depigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra
Parkinson's disease (basal ganglia disorder-rigidity, resting tremor, bradykinesia)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Pellagra (niacin, vitamin B3 deficiency)
Diabetes insipidus + exopthalmos + lesions of skull
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
Dog or cat bite
Pasteurella multocida
Donovan bodies
Granuloma inguinale (Klebsiella granulomatis)
Dressler's syndrome
Post-MI fibrinous pericarditis
Dubin-Johnson syndrome
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Deleted dystrophin gene (X-linked recessive)
Eburnation
Osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Edwards' syndrome
Trisomy 18 associated with rocker bottom feet, low-set ears, heart disease
Eisenmenger's complex
Late cyanosis shunt (uncorrected L → R shunt becomes R → L shunt)
Elastic skin
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Erb-Duchenne palsy
Superior trunk (C5-C6) brachial plexus injury ("waiter's tip")
Erythema chronicum migrans
Lyme disease
Fanconi's anemia
Genetically inherited aplastic anemia
Fanconi's syndrome
Proximal tubular reabsorption defect
"Fat, female, forty, and fertile"
Acute cholecystitis
Fatty liver
Alcoholism
Ferruginous bodies
Asbestosis
Gardner's syndrome
Colon polyps with osteomas and soft tissue tumors
Gaucher's disease
Glucocerebrosidase deficiency
Ghon focus
Primary TB
Gilbert's syndrome
Benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia
Defect in platelet aggregation, decrease in GP IIb/IIIa
Goodpasture's syndrome
Autoantibodies against alveolar and glomerular basement membrane proteins
Gowers' manuver
Duchenne's (use of pts arm to help legs pick self off the floor)
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Idiopathic polyneuritis
"Hair-on-end" (crew-cut) appearance on x-ray
Beta-thalassemia, sickle cell anemia (extramedullary hematopoiesis)
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
Chronic progressive histiocytoisis
HbF
Thalassemia major
HbS
Sickle cell anemia
hCG elevated
Choriocarcinoma, hydatidiform mole (occurs w/ and w/out embryo)
Heberden's nodes
Osteoarthritis (DIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)
Heinz bodies
G6PD deficiency
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URIs
Heterophil antibodies
Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
High-output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy)
Wet beriberi (thiamine, vitamine B1 deficiency)
HLA B27
Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis
HLA-DR3 or DR4
Diabetes mellitus type 1 (caused by autoimmune destruction of beta cells)
Homer Wright rosettes
Neuroblastoma
Honeycomb lung on x-ray
Interstitial fibrosis
Horner's syndrome
Ptosis, miosis, and anhidrosis
Howell-Jolly bodies
Splenectomy (or nonfunctional spleen)
Huntington's disease
Caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
Hyperphagia + hypersexuality + hyperorality + hyperdocility
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
Hyperpigmentation of skin
Primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease)
Hypersegemented nutrophils
Macrocytic anemia
Hypertension + hypokalemia
Conn's syndrome (primary aldosteronism)
Hypochromic microcytosis
Iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning
Increased alpha-fetaprotein in amniotic fluid/maternal serum
Anencephaly, spina bifida (neural tube defects)
Increased uric acid levels
Gout, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, myeloproliferative disorder, loop and thiazide diuretics
Intussuption
Adenovirus (causes hyperplasia of Peyer's patches)
Janeway lesions
Endocarditis
Jarish-Herxheimer reaction
Syphilis-overaggressive treatment of an asymptomatic patient that causes symptoms (decreased temperature, BP, rigors) due to rapid lysis
Job's syndrome
Neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality
Kaposi's sarcoma
AIDS in MSM (men who have sex with men)
Kartagener's syndrome
Dynein defect; Brochiectasis
Kayser-Fleischer rings
Wilson's disease
Keratin pearls
Squamous cell carcinoma
Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules
Diabetic nephropathy
Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Bilateral amygdala lesions
Koilocytes
HPV
Koplik spots
Measles
Krukenberg tumor
Gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases
Kussmaul hyperpnea
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Lens dislocation + aortic dissection + joint hyperflexibility
Marhan's syndrome (fibrillin deficit)
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
HGPRT deficiency; gout, self-mutilation, mental retardation
Lewy bodies
Parkinson's disease
Libman-Sacks disease
Endocarditis associated with SLE
Lines of zahn
Arterial thrombus; premortom thrombus
Lisch nodules
Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen's disease)
Low serum cerulplasmin
Wilson's disease
Lucid interval
Epidural hematoma
"Lumpy-bumpy" appearance of glomeruli on immunofluorescence
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Lytic bone lesions on x-ray
Multiple myeloma
Mallory bodies
Alcoholic liver disease
Mallory-Weiss syndrome
Esophagogastric lacerations (painful hemoptysis)
McArdle's disease
Muscle phosphorylase deficiency
McBurney's sign
Appendicitis
MLF syndrome (INO)
Mucliple sclerosis
Monoclonal antibody spike
Multiple myeloma (called the M protein; usually IgG or IgA), MGUS (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance), Waldenstrom's (M protein =IgM) macroglobulinemia
Myxedema
Hypothyroidism
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegener's and Goodpasture's (hemoptysis and glomerular disease)
Needle-shaped, negatively birefringent crystals
Gout
Negri bodies
Rabies
Nephritis + cataracts + hearing loss
Alport's syndrome
Neurofibrillary tangles
Alzheimer's disease
Niemann-Pick disease
Sphingomyelinase deficiency
No lactation postpartum
Sheehan syndrome (pituitary infaction)
Nutmeg liver
CHF
Occupational exposure ot asbestos
Malignant mesothelioma (pleura)
"Orphan annie" nuclei
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
Osler's nodes
Endocarditis
Owl's eye
CMV
Paget's disease of the breast
Eczematous dermatitis of nippe or areola (represents underlying neoplasm)
Paget's disease of bone (osteitis deformans)
Increased osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity
Painless jaundice
Pancreatic cancer (head)
Palpable purpura on legs and buttocks
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Pancoast's tumor
Bronchogenic apical tumor associated with Horner's syndrome
Pannus
Rheumatoid arthritis
Parkinson's disease
Nigrostriatal dopamine depletion
Perosteal elevation on x-ray
Pyogenic osteomylitis
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
Benign polyposis
Peyronie's disease
Penile fibrosis
Philadelphia chromosome (bcr-abl)
CML (may sometimes be associated with AML)
Pick bodies
Pick's disease (Frontotemporal dementia)
Pick's disease
Progressive frontotemporal dementia, similar to Alzheimer's
"Pink puffer"
Emphysema (centroacinar[smoking], panacinar [alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency])
Plummer-Vinson syndrome
Esophageal webs, glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Podagra
Gout (MP joint of hallux)
Podocyte fusion
Minimal change disease
Polynueropathy, cardiac pathology, and edema
Wet beriberi (thiamine, vitamin B1 deficiency)
Polyneuropathy presceded by GI or respiratory infection
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Pompe's disease
Lysosomal glucosidase deficiency associated with cardiomegaly
Port-wine stain
Hemangioma
Positive anterior "drawer sign"
Anterior cruciate ligament injury
Pott's disease
Vertebral tuberculosis
Pseudopalisade tumor cell arrangement
Glioblastoma multiforme
Pseudorosettes
Ewing's sarcoma
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Horner's syndrome (Pancoast tumor)
Rash on palms and soles
Secondary syphilis, Rocky Moutain spotted fever
Reynaud's syndrome
Recurrent vasospasm in extremities
RBC casts in urine
Acute glomerulonephrits
Recurrent pulmonary Pseudomonas and S. aureus infections
Cystic fibrosis
Red urine in the morning
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Reed-Sternberg cells
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Reid index (increased)
Chronic bronchitis
Reinke crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Reiter's syndrome
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis
Renal cell carcinoma + cavernous hemangiomas + adenomas
von Hippel-Lindau disease
Renal epithelia casts in urine
Aacute toxic/viral nephrosis
Rhomboid crystals, positively birefringent
Pseudogout
Rib notching
Coarctation of the aorta
Roth's spots in retina
Endocarditis
Rotor's syndrome
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Rouleaux formation (RBCs)
Multiple myeloma
Russel bodies
Multiple myeloma
S3
Left to right shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD), mitral regurgitation, LV failure (CHF)
S4
Aortic stenosis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
Schiller-Duval bodies
Yolk sac tumor
Senile plaques
Alzheimer's disease
Sezary syndrome
Cutenous T-cell lymphoma
Sheehan's syndrome
Postpartum pituitary necrosis
Shwartzman reaction
Neisseria meningitidis
Signet-ring cells
gastric carcinoma
Simian crease
Down syndrome (trisomy 21)
Sipple's syndrome
MEN type IIa (pheochromocytoma, parathyroid)
Sjogren's syndrome
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Skip lesions
Crohn's
Slapped cheeks
Erythema infectiosum (5th disease - Parvovirus B19)
Smith antigen
SLE
"Smudge cell"
CLL
Soap bubble on x-ray
Giant cell tumor of bone
Spike and dome on EM
Membraous glomerulonephritis
Spitz nevus
Benign juvenile melanoma
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Endocarditis
Starry-sky pattern
Burkitt's lymphoma
"Strawberry tongue"
Scarlet fever
Steaky ovaries
Turner's syndrome
String sign on x-ray
Chron's disease
Subepithelial humps on EM
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Suboccipital lymphadenopathy
Rubella
Sulfur granules
Actinomyces israelii
Swollen gums, bruising, poor wound healing, anemia
Scurvy (ascorbic acid, vit C deficiency)=vit C is necessary for hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen syntheis
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Aortic valve stenosis
t(8;14)
Burkitt's lymphoma (c-myc activation)
t(9;22)
Philadelphia chromosome, CML (brc-abl hybrid)
t(14;18)
Follicular lymphomas (bcl-2 activation)
Tabes dorsalis
Tertiary syphilis
Tendon xanthomas (classically Achilles)
Familial hypercholesterolemia
Thumb sign on lateral x-ray
Epiglottitis (H-flu)
Thyroidization of kidney
Chronic bacterial pyelonephritis
Tophi
Gout
"Tram-track" appearance on LM
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Trousseau's sign
Visceral cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory thrombophlebitis), hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
Virchow's node
Left supraclavicular node enlargemnt form metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Virchow's triad
Pulmonary embolism (triad=blood stasis, endothelial damage, hypercoagulation)
von Recklinghausen's disease
Neurofibromatosis with cafe-au-lait spots (chromosome 17)
von Recklinghausen's disease of the bone
Osteitis fibrosa cystica ("brown tumor")
Wallenberg's syndrome
PICA thrombosis
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Adrenal hemorrhage associated with meningococcemia
Waxy casts
Chronic end stage renal disease
WBC casts in urine
Acute pyelonephritis
WBCs in urine
Acute cystitis
Wermer's syndorme
MEN type I (pancreas, pituitary, parathyroid)
Whipple's disease
Malabsorption syndrome caused by Tropheryma whippelii
Wilson's disease
Hepatolenticular degeneration
"Wire loop" appearance on LM
Lupus nephropathy
"Worst headache of my life"
Berry aneurysm-associated with adult polycystic kidney disease
Xanthocromia (CSF)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Xerostomia + arthritis + keratoconjuctivitis sicca
Sjogren's syndrome
Zenker's divrticulum
Upper GI diverticulum
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Gastrin-secreting tumor associated with ucers; associated with MEN I