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51 Cards in this Set

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Bacitracin sensitive
S. pyogenes
Novobiocin sensitive
S. epidermidis
Novobiocin resistant
S. saprophyticus
Optochin sensitive
S. pneumo
Optochin resistant
Strep viridans
UTI that does not have a + nitrite test
Enterococcus (Strep genus)
Chocolate Agar Thayer-Martin medium
N. gonorrhoeae
DOC for N. gonorrhoeae
Ceftriaxone
Why are patients susceptible to reinfection with N. gonorrhoeae?
Pili undergo antigenic and phase variation
Microbe associated with Endocarditis and Colorectal CA
Streptococcus bovis
What does Asplenia predispose to?
Encapsulated bacteria

*Some Killers Have Nice Capsules
Most common cause of Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis
S. viridans
1st line DOC for S. pneumo pneumonia
Penicillin
Markers absent in the HBV window period
HBsAg

Anti-HBsAg
Cause of Malignant Otitis Externa = Ear pain and drainage (Swimmer's ear)
P. aeruginosa
Most common cause of acut epiglottitis and purulent bacterial conjunctivitis
H. influenza
What is Amantadine used for?
Influenza A
Newborn:
Cutaneous hemorrhages ("blueberry muffin baby")
Deafness
Periventricular CNS Calcifications
CMV
Newborn:
Mental retardation
Heart abnormalities
Blindness
Encephalitis
Rubella
Newborn:
Abnormal teeth and bones
Abnormal CNS
Congenital Syphilis
Newborn:
Chorioretinitis
Intracerebral calcifications
Hydro/microcephaly
Toxoplasmosis
Ill neonate with widespread granulomas
Listeria monocytogenes
______ can be transmitted via the birth canal and cause Ophthalmia neonatorum
N. gonorrhoeae
2 fungi transmitted via bird droppings
Cryptococcus

Histoplasma
DOC for UTI's
Ampicillin
Infected adults usually have these symptoms with Parvovirus B19
Arthralgias and Arthritis

"slapped cheek" in kids
Gram + rod
Spontaneous abortion
Soft cheeses are common source
Listeria monocytogenes
What is Achalasia?
What could cause it?
The failure of a ring of muscle fibers, such as a sphincter of the esophagus, to relax.

T. cruzi = Chagas disease
Cold agglutitinins
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Most common cause of Lobar pneumonia
S. pneumo
Rash that begins on the face and spreads to the trunk and extremities including the palms and soles
Measles
Fish tapeworm that causes Vitamin B12 deficiency resulting in Megaloblastic anemia
Diphyllobothrium latum
Only 2 bacterial genera that produce spores
Bacillus

Clostridium
Streptococci that can grown in bile
Enterococcus (group D)
Group of drugs that induce hemolytic anemia in G-6-P deficiency
Sulfamethoxazole
Trimethoprim
Lactose fermenting Enterobacteriaceae and their color on MacConkey agar
E. coli
Klebsiella

Pink
Non-lactose fermenting Enterobacteriaceae and their color on MacConkey agar
Salmonella
Shigella
Yersinia

Colorless
Rash on hands and feet that spreads centripetally to involve the trunk
RMSF
Rash that begins on face and then spreads down the body
Rubella (german measles)
Rash that begins along the hairline then spreads down the trunk to include palms and soles
Measles
Cause of Whipple's Disease:
infiltration of the intestinal wall and lymphatics by macrophages filled with glycoprotein
PAS-positive macrophages
Tropheryma
Most common cause of Septic Arthritis in healthy, sexually active adults
N. gonorrhoeae
Way to differentiate b/w Bacterial and Viral Meningitis
Viral = Lymphocytes only in CSF

Bacterial = Neutrophils + Lymphocytes in CSF
Cause of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis mimicing acute appendicitis

Associated genotype?
Yersinia enterocoliticus

HLA-B27
Deficiency that produces the syndrome of Angioedema
C1 esterase inhibitor
Bacteria requiring Factors V and X
H. influenza
Bacteria that can grown in cold temperatures (refrigerator)
Listeria
Cholesterol is required for the growth of this bacteria
Mycoplasma
Budding yeast and pseudohyphae
Candida
MOld with nonseptate hyphae
Mucor and Rhizopus
Mold with Septate hyphae
Aspergillus