Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Type 1 pili bacteria
Bundle-forming pili bacteria
EAEC (enteroaggregative)
Virulence factor found on UTI causing E. coli
P pili (as in pee pee pili)
Pneumonia with Flu-like symptoms with cavitary lesion in lungs (abscesses)
S. aureus

*S. pneumo does not produce cavities
1. Painless chancre
2. maculapapular rash on entire body
3. Aortitis + Tabes dorsalis
Treponema Pallidum = Syphillis
Pinworm that case perianal itching
Enterobius Vermicularis
Eastern seaboard beach
One week then Fever, headache, chills
Protozoa within RBC's
Babesia microti
Tabes dorsalis
Treponema pallidum = Tertiary Syphillis
Outbreak of enteritis in a DAY CARE center (bloody diarrhea)
Yersinia enterocolitica
Mode of resistance to Aminoglycosides, Chloramphenicol, and sulfonamides
Acetylation of antibiotic
Mode of resistance to Vancomycin
formation of D-lactic acid in their peptide bonds in cell wall

*Vancomycin binds to D-ala, D-ala in cell wall
Lactose -
Oxidase +
Gram - rod
Pseudomonas aeruginosa

*Enterobactericiae are Oxidase -, Gram - rods
Bacteria most likely isolate from the vagina of a normal 5 year-old girl and Post-menopausal women
Staphylococcus epidermidis
"currant-jelly" sputum = containing blood clots
Pustule on hand -> ruptures -> black eschar surrounded by expanding edema
Bacillus anthracis
Several months of blood diarrhea + Liver abscesses
Entomoeba Histolytica
Watery stools progressing to bloody stools
Anemia + thrombocytopenia
Shigella that caused HUS
segmented, ds-RNA genome that causes watery diarrhea in infants
Most practical method of diagnosing N. gonorrhoeae?
DNA probe assaysof Endocervical exudates

*Thayer-Martin agar is specific but takes alot of time to grow
Bacillary angiomatosis agent
Bartonella Henselae
Watery diarrhea with blood with mucus 3 days after eating undercooked chicken
Campylobacter jejuni
Which part of the brain is most often affected by Septic Emboli in patients with S. aureus endocarditis
Parietal lobe
Keratoconjunctivitis from swimming pool
Painless penis vesicle containing Elementary bodies and Reticulate body
Chlamydia trachomatis
Donovan bodies in Histiocytes
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis
Purulent penile discharge
N. gonorrhoeae
Lung abscesses with Periodontal disease
Anaerobic bacteria
Diagnosis of Trichinosis
-undercooked pork
Muscle biopsy
Prostatic Hyperplasia
Bilateral inspiratory crackles
E. coli
Epididymitis and Orchitis with Leukocyte infiltrate with numerous neutrophils
N. gonorrhoeae
Herpes viruses that cause neonate encephalitis
HSV 1 and 2
Malaria with fever spikes every 72 hours

every 48 hours?
P. malariae

P. ovale and vivax
Genital lesion: 1 month papule lesion with red base, ulcerates and is painful

Microscope: pleomorphic gram - rods in "school of fish" pattern
H. ducreyi
1 day history of severe, watery diarrhea after eating raw oysters
Hospitalized and within 12 hours dies
Vibrio vulnificus
Immune response that Capsules elicit
Antibody production
Persistant diarrhea with numerous granular, spherical, thin-walled cysts

Trichrome shows up to 4 nuclei in most cysts
Entamoeba histolytica
PCP occurs primarily in AIDS patients and what other group
Premature infants
microbe that agglutinates Streptococcus salivarius strain MG
Mycoplasma pneumonia
DOC for Mycoplasma pneumonia

*b/c they do not have a cell wall, protein synthesis is inhibited
Bacteria that can cause Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
N. meningitidis
Erythema chronicum migrans
Lyme Disease = B. burdorferi
Spirochete with "shepherd's crook" shape
Virus associated with Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Chloramphenicol's side effect
Aplastic anemia
Side effects of this drug include Ototoxicity and Nephrotoxicity
AIDS patient with nausea, occasional vomiting and "bumps" on his groin
Multiple, nontender, pedunculated reddish purple nodules in the inguinal area
Liver is palpable 8 cm below right costal margin
Has pet cats
Bartonella henselae
Perivenous microglial involvement with demyelination in a 7-year-old girl
Measles post-infectious encephalitis
Demyelination of white matter of cerebral hemispheres with abnormal Giant Oligodendrocytes
PML caused by JC virus
Most probable outcome for HBV infection
subclinical disease followed by recovery
Drug that causes "Gray baby" Syndrome
-abdominal distension
-pallid cyanosis
-vasomotor collapse
Drugs that can induce Kernicterus in newborns
Most common organism causing Acute Meningitis in ELDERLY patients
Strep. pneumo
P. aeruginosa toxin mode of action
inhibits EF in protein systhesis

*just like C. diphtheria
Pertussis toxin m.o.a.
ADP-ribosylates Gi = AC is not inhibited anymore = increased cAMP = loss of fluids and electrolytes, massive mucus secretion in respiratory tract
Important reservoir of AIDS in the latent phase with the virus actively proliferating
Dendritic cells in lymph nodes
Spastic paralysis caused by blocking the release of inhibitory GABA
C. tetani
3 Factors predisposing to Candida vulvovaginitis
high vaginal pH
use of Antibiotics
What can disseminated N. gonorrhoeae cause?
Septic Arthritis
Most common cause of meningitis in kids 6 months - 6 years
H. inflenza