Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/62

Click to flip

62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 diseases transmitted by inhalation of asexual spores
Coccidioidomycosis
histoplasmosis
Budding yeast with pseudohyphae in culture at 20C, germ tube formation at 37
Candida albicans
Diseases caused by candida albicans
Thrush
endocarditis in IV drug users
vaginitis post antibiotic
diaper rash
DOC candida albicans
Nystatin-superficial infection
Amphotericin B-systemic
Southern US, Cali, San Joaguin Valley
Coccidioidomycosis
Mississippi and Ohio river valleys
Histoplasmosis
spherule filled with endospores
Coccidioidomycosis
Bird or bat droppings; intracellular, "Captain's wheel" appearance
Histoplasmosis
Rural Latin America
Paracoccidiodomycosis
States east of Mississippi River and Central America
Blastmycosis
Big, Broad-Based Budding
Blastomycosis
5 dimorphic fungi
1. Candida albicans
2. Coccidiodomycosis
3. Histoplasmosis
4. Paracoccidioidomycosis
5. Blastomycosis
What shape are dimorphic fungi
in soil?
in tissue?
exception?
Cold=Mold
Heat=Yeast

coccidioidomycosis is a spherule in tissue
DOC for systemic mycoses
Fluconazole or ketoconazole -local
amphotericin B - systemic
Disease caused by Malassezia furfur
Tinea versicolor
DOC tinea versicolor
topical miconazole, selenium sulfide (selsun)
Hypopigmented skin lesions, occurs in hot,humid weather
Tinea versicolor
Disease caused by cladosporium werneckii
Tinea nigra
DOC tinea nigra
salicyclic acid
What organisms cause tinea pedis, tinea cruris, tinea corporis, tinea capitis
Dermatophytes (microsporum, trichophyton, epidermophyton)
Diagnosis of tinea pedis
mold hyphae in KOH prep, not dimorphic
pruritic lesions with central clearing resembling a ring
tinea pedis, cruris, corporis, capitis
india ink
cryptococcus neoformans
Opportunistic funal infections (4)
1. candida
2. aspergillus fumigatus
3. c. neoformans
4. mucor and rhizopus
yeast that causes diffuse interstitial pneumonia, id by methenamine silver stain
Pneumocystis
Mold with irregular nonseptate hyphae branching at wide angles. Causes rhinocerebral, frontal lobe absesses
Murcormycosis
diseases caused by aspergillus fumigatus
1. allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
2. aspergilloma (lung)
3. invasive aspergillosis
mold with septate hyphate that branch at a v-shaped angle. Causes lung disease
Aspergillus fumigatus
rose gardeners disease
sporothrix schenckii
Brain cysts, seizures
Taenia solium
liver cysts,
echinococcus granulosus (tapeworm)
B12 deficicency
Diphyllobothrium latum (fish tapeworm)
Biliary tract disease
Clonorchis sinensis (fluke)
Hemoptysis
Paragonimus westermani (fluke)
Portal HTN
schistosoma mansoni (fluke)
Hematuria, bladder cancer
Schistosoma haematobium (fluke)
Microcytic anemia
Ancylostoma (hookworm), Necator
Perianal pruritis
Enterobius (pinworm)
Organism causing Chagas, African sleeping sickness
Trypanosma
Organism causing syphilis
Treponema pallidum
parasitic causes of diarrhea
Bloody - entamoeba histolytica + giardia
non-bloody: cyclospora, cryptosporidium
diarrhea in an AIDS pt
cryptosporidium
worm wanders across eye, calabar swellings
loa loa
deerly transmission
loa loa
DOC loa loa and W.bancrofti
DEC
flying saucer fungus
pneumocystis
DOC PCP
trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
pentamidine
sandfly
leishmania
african trypansome
tsete fly
african sleeping skickness
ascaris lumbricoides
roundworm
long, white
oral-fecal
High Eosinophilia
strongyloides stercoralis
Anemia, pneumonia, eosinophilia
Hookworm: ancylostoma duodenale, necator americanus
raw pork
trichinella spiralis
periorbital edema, fever, myosities, rash
trichinella spiralis (raw pork)
urticaria on butt and thighs
strongyloides stercoralis
trichuris trichiura
whipworm
eggs hatch in SI and localize in lower intestine
river blindness
onchocerca volvulus
elephantiasis
Wuchereria bancrofti
taenia solium
pork tapeworm --> cysticercosis
leading cause of seizures in Mexico
taenia solium (pork tapeworm)
taenia saginata
beef tapeworm
echinococcus
sheep, anaphylaxis