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272 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Actinic keratosis
Often precedes squamous cell carcinoma
Addison's disease
Primary adrenocortical deficiency
Albright's syndrome
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe-au-lait spots, short stature, young girls
Albuminocytologic dissociation
Guillain-Barre (increased protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)
Alports syndrome
Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness
Anti-basement membrane antibodies
Goodpasture's syndrome
Anticentromere antibodies
Scleroderma (CREST)
Anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (ANA antibodies)
SLE (type III hypersensitivity)
Anti-epithelial cell antibodies
Pemphigus vulgaris: anti-desmosome abs

anti-hemidesmosome abs - bullous pemphygoid
Antigliadin antibodies
Celiac disease
Antihistone antibodies
Drug-induced SLE
Anti-IgG antibodies
Rheumatoid arthritis
Antimitochondrial antibodies
Vasculitis
Antiplatelet antibodies
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Arachnodactyly
Marfan's syndrome
Argyll Roberston pupil
Neurosyphilis
Arnold-Chiari malformation
Cerebellar tonsillar herniation
Aschoff bodies
Rheumatic fever
Atrophy of the mammillary bodies
Wernicke's encephalopathy
Auer rods
Acute myelogenous leukemia (especially the promyelocytic type)
Autosplenectomy
Sickle cell anemia
Babinski's sign
UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa
Rheumatoid arthritis
"Bamboo spine" on x-ray
Ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome
Hyperreninemia
Basophilic stippling of RBCs
Lead poisoning
Becker's muscular dystrophy
Defective dystrophin; less severe than Duchenne's
Bell's palsy
LMN CN VII palsy
Bence Jones proteins
Multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine), Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (IgM)
Berger's disease
IgA nephropathy
Bernard-Soulier disease
Defect in platelet adhesion
lateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis, hypercalcemia
Sarcoiditis
Birbeck granules of EM
Histocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Bloddy tap on LP
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
"Blue bloater"
Chronic bronchitis
Blue-domed cysts
Fibrocystic change of the breast
Blue sclera
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Boot-shaped heart on x-ray
Tetralogy of Fallot; RVH
Bouchard's nodes
Osteoarthritis (PIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)
Boutonniere deformity
Rheumatoid arthritis
Branching rods in oral infection
Actinomyces israelii
"Brown tumor" of bone
Hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts:
1.Hyperparathyroidism
2.Osteitis fibrosa cystica (von Recklinghausen's disease)
Bruton's disease
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
Postherpatic venous thrombosis
Buerger's disease
Small/medium-artery vasculitis
Burkitt's lymphoma
8:14 translocation; association with EBV; "starry sky" appearance on histology
Burton's lines
Lead poisoning
c-ANCA
Wegner's granulomatosis
p-ANCA
Microscopic polyangiitis
Cafe-au-lait spots on skin
Neurofibromatosis
Caisson disease
Gas emboli
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa-theca cell tumor of the ovary
Cardiomegaly with apical atrophy
Chagas' disease
Cerebriform nuclei
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Chagas' disease
Trypanosome infection
Chancre
Primary syphilis (not painful)
Chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Charcot's triad
1.Multiple sclerosis: nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech

2.Cholangitis:
jaundice, RUQ pain, fever
Charcot-Leyden crystals
Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes)
Chediak-Higashi disease
Phagocyte deficiency
Cherry-red spot on macula
Tay-Sachs,
Neimann-Pick disease,
Central retinal artery occlusion
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
Central apnea in CHF and increased intracranial pressure
"Chocolate cysts"
Endometriosis (frequently involves both ovaries)
Chronic atrophic gastritis
Predisposition to gastric carcinoma
Chvostek's sign

Codman's triangle on x-ray
Hypocalcemia- facial muscle spasm upon tapping

Osteosarcoma
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina
DES exposure in utero
Clue cells
Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman's triangle on x-ray
Osteosarcoma
Cold aglutinins
Mycoplasma pneumonia, infectious mononucleosis
Cold intolerance
Hypothyroidism
Condylomata lata
secondary syphilis
Continuous machinery murmur
Patent ductus arteriosus
Cori's disease
Debranching enzyme deficiency
Cotton-woll spots
Chronic hypertension
Cough, conjunctivitis, coryza with fever
Measles
Councilman bodies
Toxic or Viral hepatitis
Cowdry type A bodies
Herpes virus
Crescents in Bown's capsule
Rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Crigler-Najjar syndrome
Congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Curling's ulcer
Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
Currant-jelly sputum
Klebsiella
Curschmann's spirals
Bronchial asthma (whorled mucous plugs)
Cushing's ulcer
Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury
D-dimers
DIC
Depigmentation of neurons in the substantia nigra
Parkinson's disease (basal ganglia disorder - rigidity, resting tremor, bradykinesia)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Pellagra (niacin, vitamin B3 deficiency)
Diabetes insipidus with exophthalmos and lesions of the skull
Hand-Schuller-Chrisian disease
Dog or cat bite
Pasteurella multocida
Donovan bodies
Granuloma inguinale
Dressler's syndrome
Post-MI fibrinous pericarditis
Dubin-Johnson syndrome
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Deleted dystrophin gene (X-linked recessive)
Eburnation
Osteoarthritis (ivory like appearance of bone)
Edward's syndrome
Trisomy 18 associated with rocker-bottom feet, low-set ears, heart disease
Eisenmenger's complex
Late cyanosis shunt (uncorrected left to right shunt becomes a right to left shunt)
Elastic skin
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Erb-Duchenne palsy
Superior trunk (C5-C6) brachial plexus injurty - "waiter's tip"
Erythema chronicum migrans
Lyme disease
Fanconi's syndrome
Proximal tubular reabsorbtion defect
"Fat, female, forty, and fertile"
Acute cholecystitis
Fatty liver
Alcoholism
Ferruginous bodies
Asbestosis
Garder's syndrome
Colon polyps with osteomas and soft tissue tumors
Gaucher's disease
Glucocerebrosidase deficiency
Gohn focus
Primary TB
Gilbert's syndrome
Benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia
Defect in platelet aggregation
Goodpasture's syndrome
Autoantibodies against alveolar and glomerular basement membrane proteins
Gowers' maneuver
Duchenne's (use of patient's arms to help legs pick self off the floor)
Guillain-Barre
Idiopathic polyneuritis
"Hair-on-end" (crew-cut) appearance on x-ray
B-thalassemia, sickle cell anemia (extramedullary hematopoesis)
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
Chronic progressive histiocytosis
HbF
Thalassemia major
HbS
Sickle cell anemia
hCG elevated
Choriocarcinoma, hydatidiform mole (occurs with and without embryo)
Heberden's nodes
Osteoarthritis (DIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)
Heinz bodies
G6PD deficiency
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URIs
Heterophil antibodies
Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
High-output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy)
Wet beriberi (thiamine, vitamin B1 deficiency)
HLA-B27
Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis
HLA-DR3 or DR4
Diabetes mellitus type I (caused by autoimmune destruction of B-cells)
Homer Wright rosettes
Neuroblastoma
Honeycomb lung on x-ray
Interstitial fibrosis
Horner's syndrome
Ptosis, miosis, and anhidrosis
Howel-Jolly bodies
Splenectomy (or nonfunctional spleen)
Huntington's disease
Caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
Hyperphagia with hypersexuality, hyperorality, and hyperdocility
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
Hyperpigmentation of skin
Primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease)
Hypersegmented neutrophils
Macrocytic anemia
Hypertension and hypokalemia
Conn's syndrome
Hypochromic microcytosis
Iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning
Increase a-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid/maternal serum
Anencephaly, spina bifida (neural tube defects)
Increased uric acid levels
Gout, Leschy-Nyhan syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders, loop and thiazide diuretics
Intussusception
Adenovirus (causes hyperplasia of Peyer's patches)
Jarish-Herxheimer reaction
Syphilis- over aggressive treatment of an asymptomatic patient that causes symptoms due to rapid lysis
Job's syndrome
Neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality
Kaposi's sarcoma
AIDS in MSM
Kartagener's syndrome
Dynein defect
Kayser-Fleischer rings
Wilson's disease
Keratin pearls
Squamous cell carcinoma
Kimmelsteil-Wilson nodules
Diabetic nephropathy
Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Bilateral amygdala lesions
Koilocytes
HPV
Koplik spots
Measles
Krukenberg tumor
Gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarion metastases
Kussmal hyperpnea
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Lens dislocation and aortic dissection with joint hyperflexibility
Marfan's syndrome (fibrillin deficit)
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
HGPRT deficiency (Hypoxanthine-Guanine Phosphoribosyl Transferase)
Lewy bodies
Parkinson's disease
Libman-Sacks disease
Endocarditis associated with SLE
Lines of Zahn
Arterial thrombus
Lisch nodules
Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen's disease)
Low serum ceruloplasmin
Wilson's disease
Lucid interval
Epidural hematoma
"Lumpy-bumpy" appearance of glomeruli on immunofluorescence
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Lytic bone lesions of x-ray
Multiple myeloma
Mallory bodies
Alcoholic liver disease
Mallory-Weiss syndrome
Esophagogastric lacerations
McArdle's disease
Muscle phosphorylase deficiency
McBurney's sign
Appendicitis
MLF syndrome (INO)
Multiple sclerosis
Monoclonal antibody spike
Multiple myeloma (called the M protein; usually IgG or IgA), MGUS (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance), Waldenstrom's (M protein = IgM) macroglobulinemia
Myxedema
Hypothyroidism
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegner's and Goodpasture's (hemoptysis and glomerular disease)
Needle-shaped, negatively birefringent crystals
Gout
Negri bodies
Rabies
Nephritis with cataracts and hearing loss
Alport's syndrome
Neurofibrillary tangles
Alzheimer's disease
Niemann-Pick disease
Sphingomyelinase deficiency
No lactation postpartum
Sheehan's syndrome (pituitary infarction)
Nutmeg liver
CHF
Occupation exposure to asbestos
Malignant mesothelioma
"Orphan Annie" nuclei
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
Osler's nodes
Endocarditis
Owl's eye
CMV
Painless jaundice
Pancreatic cancer (head)
Palpable purpura on legs and buttocks
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Pancoast's tumor
Bronchgenic apical tumor associated with Horner's syndrome
Pannus
Rheumatoid arthritis
Parkinson's disease
Nigrostriatal dopamine depletion
Periosteal elevation on x-ray
Pyogenic osteomyelitis
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
Benign polyposis
Peyronie's disease
Penile fibrosis
Philadelphia chromosome (bcr-abl)
CML - may sometimes be AML
Pick bodies
Pick's disease
Pick's disease
Progressive dementia, similar to Alzheimer's
"Pink puffer"
Emphysema (centroacinar - smoking, panacinar - a-antitrypsin deficiency)
Plummer-Vinson syndrome
Esophageal webs with iron deficiency anemia
Podagra
Gout (MP join of hallux)
Podocyte fusion
Minimal change disease
Polyneuropathy, cardiac pathology, and edema
Dry beriberi (thiamine, vitamin B1 deficiency)
Polyneuropathy preceded by GI or respiratory infection
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Pompe's disease
Lysosmal glucosidase deficiency associated with cardiomegaly
Port-wine stain
Hemangioma
Positive anterior "drawer sign"
Anterior cruciate ligament injury
Pott's disease
Vertebral tuberculosis
Pseudorosettes
Ewing's sarcoma
Pthosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Horner's syndrome (Pancoast's tumor)
Rash on palms and soles
secondary syphilis, Rocky mountain spotted fever
Raynaud's syndrome
Recurrent vasospasm in extremities
RBC casts in urine
Acute glomerulonephritis
Recurrent pulmonary Pseudomonas and Staph Aureus infections
Cystic Fibrosis
Red urine in the morning
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Reed-Sternberg cells
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Reid index (increased)
Chronic bronchitis
Reinke crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Reiter's syndrome
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis
Renal cell carcinoma with cavernous hemangiomas and adenomas
von Hippel-Lindau disease
Renal epithelial casts in urine
Acute toxic/viral nephrosis
Rhomboid crystals, positively birefringent
Pseudogout
Rib notching
Coarctation of aorta
Roth spots in retina
Endocarditis
Rotor's syndrome
Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Rouleaux formation (RBCs)
Multiple myeloma
S3
Left-to-Right shunt: VSD,PDA,ASD
Mitral Regurgitation
LV failure (CHF)
S4
Aortic stenosis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
Schiller-Duval bodies
Yolk sac tumor
Senile plaques
Alzheimer's disease
Sezary syndrome
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
Sheehan's syndrome
Postpartum pituitary necrosis
Shwartzman reaction
Neisseria meningitidis
Signet-ring cells
Gastric carcinoma
Simian crease
Down syndrome
Sipple's syndrome
MEN type IIa
Sjogren's syndrome
Dry eyes, dry mouth arthritis
Skip lesions
Crohn's
Slapped cheeks
Erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)
Smith antigen
SLE
"smudge cell"
CLL
Soap bubble on x-ray
Giant cell tumor of bone
Spike and dome on EM
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Spitz nevus
Benign juvenile melanoma
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Endocarditis
Starry-sky patterns
Burkitt's lymphoma
"strawberry tongue"
Scarlet fever
Streaky ovaries
Turner's syndrome
String sign on x-ray
Crohn's disease
Subepithelial humps on EM
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Suboccipital lymphadenopathy
Rubella
Sulfur granules
Actinomyces israelii
Swollen gums, bruising, poor wound healing, anemia
Scurvy (ascorbic acid, vitamin C deficiency) - vitamine C is necessary for hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen synthesis
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Aortic valve stenosis
t(8;14)
Burkitt's lymphoma (c-myc activation)
t(19;22)
Philadelphia chromosome, CML (bcr-abl hybrid)
t(14;18)
Follicular lymphomas (bcl-2 activation)
Tabes dorsalis
tertiary syphilis
Tendon xanthomas (classically Achilles)
Familial hypercholesterolemia
Tumb sign on lateral x-ray
Epiglottitis (Haemophilus influenzae)
Thyroidization of kidney
Crhonic bacterial pyelonephritis
Tophi
Gout
"Tram-track" appearance on LM
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Trousseau's sign
Visceral cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory thrombophlebitis), hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
Virchow's node
Left supraclavicular node enlargement from metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Virchow's triad
Left surpaclavicular node enlargement from metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
von Recklinghausen's disease
Neurofibromatosis with cafe-au-lait sports
von Recklinghausen's disease of bone
Osteitis fibrosa cystica ("brown tumor")
Wallenberg's syndrome
PICA thrombosis
Waterhouse-Fridrechsen syndrome
Adrenal hemorrhage associated with meningococcemia
Waxy casts
Chronic end-stage renal disease
WBC casts in urine
Acute pyelonephritis
WBCs in urine
Acute cystitis
Wermer's syndrome
MEN type I
Whipple's disease
Malabsorption syndrome caused by Tropheryma whippelii
Wilson's disease
Hepatolenticular degeneration
"wire loop" appearance on LM
Lupus nephropathy
"worst headache of my life"
Berry aneurysm - associated with adult polycystic kidney disease
Xanthochromia (CSF)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Xerostomia with arhritis and keratoconjunctivitis sicca
Sjogren's syndrome
Xenker's diverticulum
Upper GI diverticulum
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Gastin-secreting tumor associated with ulcers